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NUMBER OF VICTIMS1
Compared with 2007, the number of victims recorded by Queensland police in 2008 decreased for manslaughter, kidnapping/abduction, blackmail/extortion, motor vehicle theft and other theft. The offence categories recording the largest declines were manslaughter (down 50%) and kidnapping/abduction (down 13%). Conversely, there was an increase in the number of victims of murder (up 5.8%), attempted murder (up 4.3%), assault (up 0.6%) and sexual assault (up 1.4%). Robbery and unlawful entry with intent also increased during this period.
VICTIMS(a), Offence category, Queensland, 1999 - 2008
SEX AND AGE OF VICTIM
In Queensland in 2008, more males than females were victims of homicide and related offences (61% were male), assault (62%), robbery (73%) and blackmail/extortion (64%). For sexual assault the majority of victims were female (83%).
VICTIMS(a), Selected offences by sex, Queensland, 2008
During 2008, 28% (37 victims) of homicide and related offences were aged 45 years and over. Persons aged 25 - 34 years contributed a further 23%.
Nearly one in three (29%) victims of assault were aged 15 - 24 years. Persons aged 25 - 34 years contributed a further 25%.
Nearly one half (48%) of victims of sexual assault in Queensland were aged 0 - 14 years. Persons aged 15 - 24 years contributed a further 34%.
Over one half (53%) of victims of robbery were aged 15 - 24 years.
Nearly two-thirds of victims of blackmail/extortion were aged over 35 years (26% for persons aged 35 - 44 years and 40% for persons aged 45 years and over).
VICTIMS(a), Selected offences by age, Queensland, 2008
LOCATION OF OFFENCE3
Residential locations were the most likely place of occurrence for homicide and related offences. Over two-thirds (67%) of murders and nearly three out of four (74%) attempted murders occurred in a residential location.
Assault victims were most likely to be subject to this offence in either a community location (39% of assault victims) or a residential location (37%). Over two-thirds (67%) of sexual assault offences occurred in a residential location.
The majority of victims of kidnapping/abduction were taken from a community location, namely a street/footpath (60%).
Nearly one half (46%) of robberies occurred in a community location and a further 34% occurred in a retail location. There were differences in location of offence for armed and unarmed robbery. Nearly two-thirds (63%) of unarmed robbery occurred in a community location compared with 27% of armed robberies. Over one half of armed robberies occurred in a retail location compared with 20% of unarmed robberies.
For the offence unlawful entry with intent, the most common type of location was residential locations (63%), followed by retail locations (13%).
Motor vehicle theft was most likely to occur in a residential location (45% of motor vehicle thefts) or a community location (36%) while other theft was most likely to occur in a retail location (36% of other thefts).
VICTIMS(a), Selected offences by selected locations, Queensland, 2008
In Queensland in 2008, a weapon was used in 80% of murders, 77% of attempted murders and 47% of robberies. A knife was the most common type of weapon used in committing these offences: 36% of murder victims, 33% of attempted murder victims and 24% of robbery victims were subjected to an offence involving a knife. A firearm was involved in 18% of attempted murder offences, 7.3% of murder offences and 6.3% of robbery offences.
In the committing of sexual assaults, 1.4% of these offences involved the use of a weapon.
A weapon was not involved in 88% of kidnapping/abduction offences and 82% of assaults.
VICTIMS(a), Weapon used in commission of offence, Queensland, 2008
OUTCOME OF INVESTIGATION
In Queensland in 2008, 82% of the police investigations into homicide and related offences and 58% for assault were finalised within 30 days of the recording of the incident by police.
The lowest proportions of finalisations at 30 days were for victims of unlawful entry with intent (15%), other theft (22%) and motor vehicle theft (23%).
VICTIMS(a), Outcome of investigation at 30 days, Queensland, 2008
Of the 6,474 unlawful entry with intent offences finalised, 96% had an offender proceeded against. Other theft (91%) and robbery (89%) also had high proportions of finalised investigations where the offender was proceeded against. Sexual assault (63%) and blackmail/extortion (70%) had the lowest proportions of finalised investigations where the offender was proceeded against.
RELATIONSHIP OF OFFENDER TO VICTIM
In Queensland in 2008, over half (55%) the victims of homicide and related offences knew their offender. Their current partner was reported to be the offender in 11% of cases.
Of the 19,423 victims of assaults recorded by Queensland police, nearly half (49%) knew their offender. Victims of assault reported the offender to be their current partner in 6.5% of cases (1,268 victims). Male victims of assault were most likely to not know the offender (59% or 7,096 victims).
In 2008 there were 4,440 sexual assault victims; most victims knew the offender (64% or 2,847 victims). The offender was a partner for 131 victims (3.0%) and another family member in the case of 404 victims (9.1%).
Kidnapping/ abduction victims (total of 60 victims) did not know the offender in 79% of cases.
The vast majority (87% or 1,096 victims) of robbery victims indicated that the offender was unknown to them.
VICTIMS, Selected offences by relationship of offender to victim, Queensland, 2008
Further information on this topic can be accessed in Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2008 (cat. no. 4510.0).
In addition to recorded crime statistics, the ABS collects information in household surveys from members of the public on their experiences of crime.
Information for assault and sexual assault, as well as data for a range of other offences, are available from the 2005 ABS National Crime and Safety Survey (NCSS) and the 2005 ABS Personal Safety Survey (PSS). The NCSS measured people's perceptions of crime in the community and whether or not the crimes were reported to police. Detailed information about the survey results can be found in Crime and Safety, Australia, Apr 2005 (cat. no. 4509.0). The PSS measured people's experience of violence, harassment or stalking. Detailed information about the survey results can be found in Personal Safety Survey, Australia, 2005 (cat. no. 4906.0).
Caution should be exercised in making any direct comparisons between recorded crime statistics and data from ABS household surveys due to the different scope and coverage, methods of measurement and sources of error.
1. The definition of a victim varies according to the offence category:
2. Victim counts for property offences prior to 2007 are no longer comparable and should not be compared. A new IT system, QPRIME was introduced in June 2007 resulting in changes to the way in which victim counts were recorded. Data from 2007 are likely to be undercounted for property offences, however, this cannot be quantified. Related offence information such as weapons, location and Indigenous status have also been affected.
3. Location of offence is the initial site where an offence occurred, determined on the basis of use or function. Any surrounding land, yard or parking area connected to the building or facility, as well as any other structures existing at the location are assigned to the same category of use. Locations which are multifunctional are categorised according to their primary function, with the exception of a multifunctional location which includes the provision of residential accommodation. Those parts used for residential purposes are classified to 'residential' regardless of the main function of the location.
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