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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Mar 2004  
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Feature Article - International Trade in services by Partner Country - 2003

Introduction

This article provides calendar year data for 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003 for Australia's international trade in services with selected major trading partners.


Table F1 presents Australia's international trade in services, for credits (exports) and debits (imports), for 2003, classified to the three broad service categories that are traded. Tables F2 to F4 present this information for calendar years 2002, 2001 and 2000.



INTERPRETATION OF DATA

The quality of statistics of international trade in services by partner country is considered to be good, although there are occasional difficulties due to lack of information or the confidentiality of the data for trading partners involved. Therefore approximately 8% of total credits and 5% of total debits shown in Table F1 are not able to be allocated to individual countries or country groups.


A comprehensive explanation of the data sources used and the methodology applied in the compilation of partner country statistics is provided in Chapter 17 of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia - Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5331.0). This publication can be accessed on the ABS web site (www.abs.gov.au - select Statistics then select Statistical Concepts Library).



ANALYSIS OF AUSTRALIAN TRADE WITH SELECTED PARTNER COUNTRIES

Table F1 shows that, in the calendar year 2003, Australia recorded a deficit of $359 million in the balance on services. This was an increase of $74 million on the deficit for 2002.


The largest contribution to the overall deficit on services was the United States of America with a deficit of $1.4 billion. Deficits were recorded for most European trading partners, with Switzerland recording the largest deficit at $0.5 billion. Australia recorded surpluses with a number of its Asian trading partners, the largest being with Japan at $1.3 billion. Australia also recorded a surplus with New Zealand ($0.6 billion).



FURTHER INFORMATION

Further information and requests for longer time series for both calendar and financial year data by partner country can be obtained by contacting Kevin Yeadon on Canberra 02 6252 6255, or fax 02 6252 8003, or email at k.yeadon@abs.gov.au.



ABBREVIATIONS

APEC Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation


ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations


EU European Union


OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


SAR Special Administrative Region of China


n.e.s. not elsewhere specified

TABLE F1. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES, By selected countries and country groups - 2003

CREDITS (EXPORTS)
DEBITS (IMPORTS)
Balance on services
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
112
149
np
34
np
-37
np
-18
np
Brunei Darussalam
-19
28
np
14
np
-46
np
-11
np
Canada
18
406
56
322
31
-388
np
-244
np
Central America and Caribbean
-236
20
np
4
np
-256
-
-39
-217
Chile
-53
12
np
8
np
-65
np
-46
np
China, Peoples Republic of
145
1,015
143
745
127
-870
-390
-347
-132
Fiji
-277
123
np
73
np
-399
np
-236
np
France
-154
408
93
191
131
-561
np
-316
np
Germany
-336
787
232
480
75
-1,123
-721
-193
-209
Greece
-130
52
-
18
34
-181
np
-155
np
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
-250
1,231
206
595
430
-1,482
-566
-448
-468
Indonesia
481
950
112
719
119
-469
-201
-211
-57
Ireland
74
389
-
186
203
-315
np
-168
np
Italy
-231
219
53
153
np
-450
np
-406
np
Japan
1,300
3,164
959
1,857
348
-1,863
-1,019
-337
-508
Korea, republic of
438
870
120
706
44
-432
-184
-67
-181
Malaysia
257
911
87
669
156
-654
-341
-266
-48
Mexico
-19
14
-
13
1
-33
-
-30
-3
Netherlands
-215
318
54
180
84
-534
np
-91
np
New Zealand
568
2,370
577
1,323
491
-1,802
-502
-992
-308
Papua New Guinea
120
281
np
84
np
-161
np
-103
np
Peru
10
34
-
34
-
-24
np
-24
np
Philippines
-47
127
-
72
55
-175
-
-121
-54
Russian Federation
-
50
-
45
5
-50
-
-46
-4
Singapore
-303
2,081
710
804
573
-2,385
-1,814
-338
-233
South Africa
-39
253
np
121
np
-292
np
-193
np
Sweden
91
166
np
146
np
-75
-
-35
-40
Switzerland
-539
363
134
170
72
-902
-612
-73
-217
Taiwan
136
361
27
324
10
-225
np
-94
np
Thailand
-285
460
np
354
np
-746
-295
-420
-31
United Kingdom
110
3,782
754
2,079
949
-3,672
-934
-1,546
-1,192
United States of America
-1,379
4,771
747
1,398
2,626
-6,151
-674
-1,423
-4,053
Viet Nam
-138
197
np
128
np
-335
np
-275
np
Africa n.e.s.
-139
152
np
91
np
-291
np
-256
np
America n.e.s.
-42
157
np
122
np
-199
np
-88
np
Asia n.e.s.
-63
1,974
324
880
770
-2,037
-952
-528
-558
Europe n.e.s.
-348
990
290
553
148
-1,338
-456
-720
-162
Oceania n.e.s.
-162
247
35
132
80
-409
-89
-282
-38
Unallocated
1,182
2,699
1,612
61
1,805
-1,516
-1,208
-56
-2,031
Total all countries
-359
32,583
7,325
15,888
9,370
-32,943
-10,956
-11,242
-10,745
APEC
980
19,335
3,841
10,214
5,279
-18,354
-6,288
-5,842
-6,224
ASEAN
-57
4,758
981
2,760
1,017
-4,815
-2,739
-1,642
-434
EU
-971
6,571
1,375
3,576
1,620
-7,542
-2,268
-3,190
-2,079
OECD
-647
18,671
3,993
9,422
5,256
-19,318
-5,401
-6,446
-7,471

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

TABLE F2. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES, By selected countries and country groups - 2002

CREDITS (EXPORTS)
DEBITS (IMPORTS)
Balance on services
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
102
138
np
39
np
-37
np
-17
np
Brunei Darussalam
-28
23
np
11
np
-51
np
-11
np
Canada
26
420
52
325
43
-394
np
-263
np
Central America and Caribbean
-237
11
-
4
7
-248
np
-26
np
Chile
-65
12
np
7
np
-76
np
-28
np
China, Peoples Republic of
102
989
91
761
137
-887
-292
-392
-202
Fiji
-248
132
41
68
23
-380
-62
-209
-109
France
-111
366
np
191
np
-477
-71
-311
-95
Germany
-501
779
219
471
89
-1,280
-826
-212
-242
Greece
-175
62
np
24
np
-237
np
-167
np
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
-485
1,392
289
610
493
-1,876
-599
-520
-757
Indonesia
369
988
151
679
158
-618
-296
-250
-72
Ireland
26
251
-
173
78
-225
np
-161
np
Italy
-198
254
np
162
np
-452
np
-421
np
Japan
1,808
3,616
1,153
2,075
388
-1,808
-957
-311
-540
Korea, republic of
503
817
109
654
54
-314
-143
-66
-104
Malaysia
127
891
107
650
134
-765
-425
-280
-59
Mexico
-21
15
np
12
np
-36
np
-34
np
Netherlands
-158
285
np
187
np
-443
np
-78
np
New Zealand
548
2,223
536
1,254
433
-1,675
-484
-871
-320
Papua New Guinea
154
317
np
90
np
-164
np
-100
np
Peru
15
31
-
31
-
-17
np
-16
np
Philippines
-53
135
-
72
63
-188
np
-123
np
Russian Federation
-58
57
np
41
np
-115
-68
-43
-3
Singapore
-321
2,327
863
844
620
-2,648
-2,074
-387
-187
South Africa
-65
193
np
118
np
-259
np
-174
np
Sweden
101
182
-
138
44
-80
np
-41
np
Switzerland
-615
408
np
170
np
-1,023
-722
-65
-236
Taiwan
241
382
28
333
21
-141
-29
-102
-10
Thailand
-345
493
np
362
np
-838
-286
-526
-26
United Kingdom
75
3,733
759
1,985
989
-3,658
-868
-1,533
-1,257
United States of America
-1,350
4,732
754
1,439
2,539
-6,082
-628
-1,420
-4,034
Viet Nam
-160
186
5
109
72
-345
np
-271
np
Africa n.e.s.
-92
221
np
92
np
-313
np
-239
np
America n.e.s.
29
150
np
123
np
-122
np
-69
np
Asia n.e.s.
249
1,872
274
831
767
-1,623
-666
-454
-503
Europe n.e.s.
-267
913
274
532
107
-1,180
-265
-728
-186
Oceania n.e.s.
-90
233
43
125
65
-322
-31
-259
-32
Unallocated
884
2,746
1,924
42
2,147
-1,862
-1,210
-35
-2,063
Total all countries
-285
32,976
7,672
15,834
9,470
-33,261
-11,003
-11,217
-11,041
APEC
1,008
20,047
4,317
10,359
5,371
-19,039
-6,474
-6,017
-6,548
ASEAN
-409
5,048
1,220
2,727
1,101
-5,457
-3,174
-1,848
-435
EU
-1,159
6,187
1,279
3,370
1,538
-7,346
-2,055
-3,184
-2,107
OECD
-357
18,454
4,047
9,299
5,108
-18,811
-5,070
-6,306
-7,434

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

TABLE F3. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES, By selected countries and country groups - 2001

CREDITS (EXPORTS)
DEBITS (IMPORTS)
Balance on services
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
78
117
np
38
np
-40
np
-20
np
Brunei Darussalam
-15
33
np
15
np
-48
np
-11
np
Canada
20
421
54
328
39
-401
-62
-269
-70
Central America and Caribbean
-215
22
np
5
np
-238
np
-20
np
Chile
-61
16
np
9
np
-78
np
-30
np
China, Peoples Republic of
159
898
126
673
99
-739
-303
-317
-119
Fiji
-162
109
np
67
np
-271
np
-154
np
France
-42
354
np
195
np
-396
np
-276
np
Germany
-449
831
237
512
82
-1,280
-831
-208
-241
Greece
-224
64
np
25
np
-288
np
-178
np
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
-614
1,405
288
597
520
-2,019
-600
-564
-855
Indonesia
346
955
162
656
137
-610
-267
-275
-68
Ireland
-18
226
-
181
45
-244
np
-167
np
Italy
-210
247
np
161
np
-457
np
-418
np
Japan
1,272
3,484
1,196
1,957
331
-2,211
-1,270
-315
-627
Korea, republic of
446
813
146
605
62
-367
-194
-72
-101
Malaysia
-8
832
108
612
112
-840
-499
-294
-47
Mexico
-27
11
np
10
np
-38
np
-35
np
Netherlands
-158
272
33
195
44
-430
np
-74
np
New Zealand
512
2,226
472
1,300
454
-1,714
-546
-903
-265
Papua New Guinea
216
358
np
100
np
-143
np
-99
np
Peru
23
35
-
32
3
-12
np
-11
np
Philippines
-12
144
np
75
np
-157
-
-119
-37
Russian Federation
-45
68
np
49
np
-113
np
-40
np
Singapore
-227
2,215
899
852
464
-2,442
-1,812
-418
-212
South Africa
-17
196
39
125
32
-213
np
-138
np
Sweden
104
173
np
139
np
-68
-
-32
-36
Switzerland
-775
377
148
183
46
-1,151
-944
-57
-150
Taiwan
273
398
38
343
17
-125
np
-94
np
Thailand
-351
475
np
344
np
-826
-279
-524
-24
United Kingdom
235
3,620
754
1,898
968
-3,385
-655
-1,496
-1,234
United States of America
-1,230
4,779
785
1,460
2,534
-6,009
-984
-1,376
-3,649
Viet Nam
-140
126
np
89
np
-265
np
-213
np
Africa n.e.s.
-83
211
np
97
np
-294
-45
-224
-25
America n.e.s.
-12
155
np
109
np
-167
np
-89
np
Asia n.e.s.
180
1,725
280
804
641
-1,544
-559
-427
-558
Europe n.e.s.
-144
949
288
505
156
-1,092
-254
-700
-138
Oceania n.e.s.
-58
218
44
126
48
-276
-25
-235
-15
Unallocated
914
2,690
1,870
58
1,918
-1,776
-989
-126
-2,156
Total all countries
-521
32,246
7,967
15,529
8,750
-32,767
-11,117
-11,021
-10,629
APEC
534
19,691
4,509
10,106
5,076
-19,156
-7,003
-5,980
-6,174
ASEAN
-408
4,789
1,286
2,643
860
-5,198
-2,930
-1,854
-413
EU
-928
6,067
1,335
3,344
1,388
-6,995
-1,845
-3,082
-2,068
OECD
-839
18,191
4,128
9,187
4,876
-19,029
-5,855
-6,204
-6,970

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

TABLE F3. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES, By selected countries and country groups - 2000

CREDITS (EXPORTS)
DEBITS (IMPORTS)
Balance on services
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Total services
Trans- portation
Travel
Other
Country
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Belgium and Luxembourg
40
103
np
40
np
-64
-
-19
-45
Brunei Darussalam
-15
18
np
9
np
-33
np
-9
np
Canada
29
416
73
283
60
-387
-84
-228
-75
Central America and Caribbean
-247
5
np
4
np
-252
np
-27
np
Chile
-29
12
-
11
1
-41
np
-23
np
China, Peoples Republic of
72
765
121
529
115
-693
-341
-252
-100
Fiji
-123
183
85
69
29
-307
-61
-173
-73
France
-43
354
np
205
np
-397
np
-258
np
Germany
-223
830
186
510
134
-1,052
-673
-178
-202
Greece
-189
77
np
34
np
-266
-77
-175
-15
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
-353
1,062
295
535
232
-1,415
-676
-508
-232
Indonesia
275
830
158
561
111
-555
-229
-254
-71
Ireland
-9
187
-
152
35
-196
np
-154
np
Italy
-98
303
np
201
np
-401
np
-343
np
Japan
1,580
3,566
1,217
1,996
353
-1,985
-1,126
-262
-598
Korea, republic of
380
662
109
499
54
-282
-101
-55
-125
Malaysia
-39
806
101
556
149
-845
-493
-289
-63
Mexico
-19
13
np
8
np
-32
np
-25
np
Netherlands
-187
324
73
197
54
-511
np
-91
np
New Zealand
597
2,208
424
1,214
570
-1,611
-513
-773
-325
Papua New Guinea
230
395
110
113
172
-165
np
-122
np
Peru
4
4
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
Philippines
-13
167
np
82
np
-180
-
-121
-59
Russian Federation
-12
63
np
45
np
-76
np
-28
np
Singapore
-323
1,897
737
766
394
-2,219
-1,607
-355
-257
South Africa
-
183
np
100
np
-183
np
-120
np
Sweden
196
291
np
139
np
-95
-
-32
-62
Switzerland
-565
347
np
188
np
-911
-702
-60
-150
Taiwan
316
441
46
370
25
-126
-22
-93
-11
Thailand
-241
467
131
292
44
-708
-235
-439
-34
United Kingdom
-297
3,466
709
1,704
1,053
-3,763
-795
-1,630
-1,337
United States of America
-771
5,789
814
1,435
3,540
-6,560
-1,255
-1,681
-3,624
Viet Nam
-148
100
np
77
np
-248
np
-162
np
Africa n.e.s.
-264
174
24
111
39
-439
-137
-275
-27
America n.e.s.
64
227
97
95
35
-164
-36
-70
-58
Asia n.e.s.
454
1,626
282
584
760
-1,172
-461
-346
-365
Europe n.e.s.
151
1,024
183
545
296
-874
-157
-604
-112
Oceania n.e.s.
-47
198
33
121
44
-246
-39
-190
-17
Unallocated
299
2,545
1,451
144
1,843
-2,246
-1,038
-102
-2,277
Total all countries
431
32,130
7,459
14,524
10,147
-31,699
-10,860
-10,526
-10,313
APEC
1,520
19,683
4,385
9,381
5,917
-18,163
-6,814
-5,679
-5,670
ASEAN
-512
4,296
1,167
2,343
786
-4,808
-2,618
-1,630
-560
EU
-947
6,088
1,287
3,182
1,619
-7,035
-1,819
-3,070
-2,146
OECD
143
19,064
3,996
8,805
6,263
-18,920
-5,604
-6,242
-7,074

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

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Commonwealth of Australia 2014

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