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RECORDED CRIME - VICTIMS, QUEENSLAND, 2007
NUMBER OF VICTIMS1
A new IT system QPRIME was introduced by Queensland Police in June 2007, therefore caution should be exercised when interpreting data movements between 2006 and 20072.
Compared to the annual average for the three year period 2004-2006, the number of victims recorded by Queensland police in 2007 decreased for murder, attempted murder, manslaughter, kidnapping/abduction, robbery, blackmail/extortion, unlawful entry with intent, motor vehicle theft and other theft. The offence categories recording the largest declines were manslaughter (down 28%) and motor vehicle theft (down 19%). Conversely, there was an increase in the number of victims of assault (up 0.3%) and sexual assault (up 0.9%).
VICTIMS(a), Offence category, Queensland, 1998 - 2007
SEX AND AGE OF VICTIM
In Queensland in 2007, more males than females were victims of robbery (70% of victims were male), assault (62%) and homicide and related offences (61%). For sexual assault, more females (83%) were victims than males.
PERSON VICTIMS, Selected offences by sex, Queensland, 2007
Four out of every ten (40%) victims of homicide and related offences were aged 25-44 years and persons aged under ten contributed a further 17%.
The 25-34 years age group had the highest proportion of victims of assault (25% of male victims and 23% of female victims of assault were aged 25-34 years).
Of the 721 male victims of sexual assault, around one-third (240 males) were aged under ten. For female victims of sexual assault, the age groups with the highest proportions of victims were 10-14 years and 15-19 years each with 28%.
Over one-quarter (26%) of the 1,367 person victims of robbery were aged 15-19 years.
LOCATION OF OFFENCE3
In Queensland in 2007, residential locations were the most likely place of occurrence for homicide and related offences. Seventy per cent of attempted murders and 60% of murders occurred in a residential location.
Assault victims were most likely to be subjected to this offence in either a community location (39% of assault victims) or a residential location (38%). Over two-thirds (68%) of sexual assault offences occurred in a residential location.
The majority of victims of kidnapping/abduction were taken from a community location (61%) and a further 25% were taken from a residential location.
Nearly one-half (48%) of robbery offences occurred in a community location. Of the robbery offences occurring in a community location (840), 86% occurred on a street/footpath.
The majority of offences of unlawful entry with intent occurred in a residential location (61%). Other locations (13%) and retail locations (13%) were also significant contributors.
The theft of a motor vehicle was most likely to occur in either a residential location (40%) or a community location (38%).
Nearly one-third (32%) of other theft offences occurred at a retail location.
VICTIMS, Selected Offences occurring by selected locations, Queensland, 2007
In Queensland in 2007, a weapon was used in 71% of murders, 70% of attempted murders, 42% of robberies and 19% of assaults. A knife was the most common type of weapon in committing these offences. Nearly one-half (46%) of attempted murder victims, 31% of murder victims, 20% of robbery victims and 4.7% of assault victims were subjected to an offence using a knife. A firearm was involved in 17% of murder offences and 5.9% of robbery offences.
Of the 19,298 assault offences a bat/bar/club was used on 550 occasions and a bottle/glass on 322 occasions.
In the committing of sexual assaults, 98% of these offences did not involve a weapon.
VICTIMS, Weapon used in commission of offence, Queensland, 2007
OUTCOME OF INVESTIGATION
In Queensland in 2007, 86% of the police investigations into homicide and related offences and 58% for assault were finalised within 30 days of the recording of the incident by police.
The lowest proportions of finalisations at 30 days were for victims of unlawful entry with intent (14%), other theft (22%) and motor vehicle theft (23%).
VICTIMS, Outcome of investigation at 30 days, Queensland, 2007
Of the 110 murder investigations finalised, 97% had an offender proceeded against. Unlawful entry with intent (96%) and other theft (91%) also had high proportions of finalised investigations where the offender was proceeded against. Sexual assault (69%) and blackmail/extortion (79%) had the lowest proportions of finalised investigations where the offender was proceeded against.
Further information on this topic can be accessed in Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia, 2007 (cat. no. 4510.0).
In addition to recorded crime statistics, the ABS collects information in household surveys from members of the public on their experiences of crime.
Information for assault and sexual assault, as well as data for a range of other offences, are available from the 2005 ABS National Crime and Safety Survey (NCSS) and the 2005 ABS Personal Safety Survey (PSS). The NCSS measured people's perceptions of crime in the community and whether or not the crimes were reported to police. Detailed information about the survey results can be found in Crime and Safety, Australia, Apr 2005 (cat. no. 4509.0). The PSS measured people's experience of violence, harassment or stalking. Detailed information about the survey results can be found in Personal Safety Survey, Australia, 2005 (cat. no. 4906.0). The next NCSS will be conducted in 2008 for the 2008-09 reference period.
Caution should be exercised in making any direct comparisons between recorded crime statistics and data from ABS household surveys due to the different scope and coverage,
methods of measurement and sources of error.
1. The definition of a victim varies according to the offence category:
2. Caution should be exercised when interpreting data movements between 2006 and 2007. A new IT system, QPRIME was introduced in June 2007. The changes to the IT system affected the way in which data about an offence was recorded for all offence types. Data for 2007 therefore may be undercounted for all offence types, however, this
is likely to be more so for property offences. Related offence information such as weapons, location and Indigenous status has also been impacted. The extent of the undercount cannot be quantified. Queensland police business processes are being reviewed in 2008 with a view to improving the quality of the recorded crime data.
3. Location of offence is the initial site where an offence occurred, determined on the basis of use or function. Any surrounding land, yard or parking area connected to the building or facility, as well as any other structures existing at the location are assigned to the same category of use. Locations which are multifunctional are categorised according to their primary function, with the exception of a multifunctional location which includes the provision of residential accommodation. Those parts used for residential purposes are classified to 'residential' regardless of the main function of the location.
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