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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Sep 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/10/2002   
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Feature Article - International Trade in Services by State 2001-02


Introduction

This article provides financial year 2001-02, 2000-01 and 1999-00 data for Australia's international trade in services by state.

Tables F1 and F2 show, for credits (exports) and debits (imports) respectively, Australia's international trade in services for 2001-02, classified by state, for 11 broad service types, with more detailed components also shown. Tables F3 to F6 show this information for the financial years 2000-01 and 1999-00.


Interpretation of Data

Service credits are classified by the state of provision, while services debits are classified by the state of consumption. Confidentiality constraints severely restrict the detail that can be provided for some states and territories. Care should be exercised in interpreting the data.

While the state allocation methods for transportation, travel and communication services are considered reasonable, especially for the analysis of movements in the services, the allocation for other services (about 25% of all trade in services) is primarily based on the location of the business reporting the information, which serves as a proxy for the state of provision/consumption of that service.

Transportation services are allocated by state using a combination of indicators including merchandise trade statistics by state and short-term overseas passenger arrivals and departures by state of clearance.

Overseas passenger departures data by the state where most time was spent are used to allocate the business and personal travel components of travel credits. Education-related travel credits are split using state data provided by the Department of Education, Science and Training. Travel debits are split using overseas departures data for resident departures by state.

For communication services, a domestic indicator for allocating the consumption of telecommunications and postal services by state in the national accounts is used to approximate the state allocation of the international trade in these services. It is assumed that each state's share of outgoing international calls and terminating connections for incoming international calls will be reasonably well aligned with total service consumption by state or territory.


Revisions to Past Data

Receipt of passenger card information from the Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (DIMIA) has resulted in revisions for both the national and state estimates for travel credits and debits.

During the preparation of calendar year 2001 and financial year 2001-02 estimates, compliation errors were discovered in the state allocations for travel credits for 2000-01 and transporation credits for 1999-00. Tables F3 to F6 include revised estimates for 2000-01 and 1999-00 as a result of incorporating the later information and correcting the errors.


Further Information

Further information and longer time series for both calendar and financial year data by state can be obtained by contacting Kevin Yeadon on Canberra 02 6252 6255, or fax 02 6252 8003, or email at k.yeadon@abs.gov.au.


TABLE F1: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 2001-02

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,207
2,135
1,394
129
705
16
79
0
7,665
Travel
5,922
2,905
3,583
447
1,433
116
173
190
14,769
Business
444
173
293
25
100
7
16
11
1,069
Personal
5,478
2,732
3,290
422
1,333
109
157
179
13,700
Education related
1,519
1,182
680
199
438
39
11
86
4,154
Other
3,959
1,550
2,610
223
895
70
146
93
9,546
Communication (a)
388
202
141
102
72
18
6
46
975
Construction services
9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
0
101
Insurance services
442
231
0
0
0
0
0
0
673
Financial services
444
336
4
0
0
0
0
0
784
Computer & information services
728
n.p.
n.p.
43
5
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
949
Royalties and licence fees
338
136
16
n.p.
4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
515
Other business services
2,228
746
82
63
197
n.p.
n.p.
23
3,395
Merchanting
126
80
17
0
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
230
Other trade related services
252
37
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
319
Operational leasing services
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
26
Professional services
660
122
9
4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
802
Research and Development
93
130
n.p.
6
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
257
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
202
167
22
9
121
n.p.
n.p.
6
572
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
67
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
662
151
6
n.p.
34
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
860
Other
186
48
6
10
10
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
262
Confidential items - other business services (b)
47
11
22
34
32
n.p.
n.p.
17
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
231
109
87
95
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
20
598
Audiovisual and related services
68
8
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
80
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
163
101
87
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
518
Government services n.i.e.
44
12
4
51
20
0
230
412
773
Confidential items (b)
0
179
69
15
54
13
57
11
..
Total
13,981
6,991
5,380
945
2,490
163
545
702
31,197

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F2: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 2001-02

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,622
-3,011
-1,585
-336
-1,073
-43
-106
0
-10,776
Travel
-4,381
-2,787
-1,576
-520
-1,228
-139
-88
-215
-10,934
Business
-1,175
-718
-324
-108
-267
-32
-19
-58
-2,701
Personal
-3,206
-2,069
-1,252
-412
-961
-107
-69
-157
-8,233
Education related
-229
-222
-101
-36
-65
-8
-5
-15
-681
Other
-2,977
-1,847
-1,151
-376
-896
-99
-64
-142
-7,552
Communication (a)
-494
-377
-254
-130
-134
-33
-12
-25
-1,459
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-820
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-856
Financial services
-360
-196
0
0
0
0
0
0
-556
Computer & information services
-307
-116
-4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
-449
Royalties and licence fees
-1,225
-437
-22
-82
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
-1,789
Other business services
-1,570
-1,238
-234
-105
-532
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-3,724
Merchanting and other trade related services
-66
-56
n.p.
-71
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-334
Operational leasing services
n.p.
-555
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-948
Professional services
-353
-132
-9
-6
-33
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-537
Research and Development
n.p.
-77
0
0
-1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-101
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-110
-116
n.p.
-10
-145
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-472
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-193
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-564
-191
-40
n.p.
-37
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-844
Other
-158
n.p.
-9
n.p.
-32
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-295
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-319
-111
-176
-18
-284
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-718
-72
-6
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-850
Audiovisual and related services
-660
-30
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-712
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-58
-42
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-138
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-649
-649
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-54
-43
-20
-23
-4
..
Total
-14,497
-8,270
-3,681
-1,227
-3,010
-235
-229
-893
-32,042

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items



TABLE F3: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 2000-01

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
3,431
2,176
1,461
149
748
12
85
0
8,062
Travel
6,460
2,865
3,676
446
1,471
111
151
182
15,362
Business
513
176
312
25
107
7
15
11
1,166
Personal
5,951
2,689
3,364
421
1,364
104
136
171
14,200
Education related
1,479
1,150
660
192
426
37
11
83
4,038
Other
4,472
1,539
2,704
229
938
67
125
88
10,162
Communication (a)
533
312
206
145
106
28
13
54
1,397
Construction services
40
n.p.
2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
68
Insurance services
464
245
0
0
0
0
0
0
709
Financial services
423
320
4
0
0
0
0
0
747
Computer & information services
626
n.p.
n.p.
18
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
797
Royalties and licence fees
435
140
n.p.
n.p.
9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
626
Other business services
2,064
720
119
52
160
n.p.
n.p.
13
3,185
Merchanting
93
60
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
185
Other trade related services
264
27
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
304
Operational leasing services
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
16
Professional services
511
113
17
2
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
663
Research and Development
84
143
n.p.
6
9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
248
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
217
153
63
9
91
n.p.
n.p.
4
589
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
29
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
688
154
11
n.p.
12
n.p.
0
n.p.
870
Other
199
63
2
3
12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
281
Confidential items - other business services (b)
8
7
14
32
35
n.p.
n.p.
9
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
1,281
74
45
56
n.p.
3
n.p.
29
1,514
Audiovisual and related services
1,206
17
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
1,226
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
75
57
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
288
Government services n.i.e.
35
10
1
51
18
0
231
387
733
Confidential items (b)
0
117
76
11
11
3
69
5
..
Total
15,796
6,979
5,590
928
2,535
157
549
670
33,204

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F4: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 2000-01

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,931
-3,074
-1,681
-384
-1,123
-41
-118
0
-11,352
Travel
-4,497
-2,785
-1,649
-520
-1,300
-119
-98
-221
-11,189
Business
-1,259
-744
-355
-109
-276
-23
-22
-66
-2,854
Personal
-3,238
-2,041
-1,294
-411
-1,024
-96
-76
-155
-8,335
Education related
-232
-213
-108
-31
-71
-7
-1
-13
-676
Other
-3,006
-1,828
-1,186
-380
-953
-89
-75
-142
-7,659
Communication (a)
-595
-486
-304
-129
-161
-41
-17
-33
-1,766
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-843
-35
0
0
0
0
0
0
-878
Financial services
-344
-184
0
0
0
0
0
0
-528
Computer & information services
-281
-94
-13
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-417
Royalties and licence fees
-1,175
-410
-23
-76
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,706
Other business services
-1,222
-1,288
-168
-115
-257
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-3,070
Merchanting and other trade related services
-70
-67
-23
n.p.
-32
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-248
Operational leasing services
-234
-736
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-1,011
Professional services
-229
-99
-12
-6
-20
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-370
Research and Development
n.p.
-61
0
0
-8
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-83
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-143
-71
n.p.
-37
-46
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-355
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-124
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-444
-181
-27
n.p.
-26
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-689
Other
-87
n.p.
n.p.
-3
-22
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-190
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-15
-73
-106
-69
-103
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-561
-141
-1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-767
Audiovisual and related services
-516
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-634
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-45
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-133
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-626
-626
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-74
-27
-3
-16
-15
..
Total
-14,449
-8,497
-3,839
-1,298
-2,868
-204
-249
-895
-32,299

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F5: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES CREDITS BY STATE, 1999-00

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
2,816
2,001
1,262
122
584
7
72
0
6,865
Travel
5,444
2,369
3,243
392
1,331
96
132
132
13,139
Education related
1,293
959
511
167
389
34
7
62
3,422
Other
4,151
1,410
2,732
225
942
62
125
70
9,717
Communication (a)
568
327
228
166
119
30
13
24
1,475
Construction services
16
1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
0
0
23
Insurance services
503
263
0
0
0
0
0
0
766
Financial services
422
321
3
0
1
0
0
0
747
Computer & information services
505
97
n.p.
10
7
n.p.
0
0
668
Royalties and licence fees
424
102
17
n.p.
10
n.p.
0
n.p.
572
Other business services
1,839
650
197
23
138
n.p.
n.p.
13
2,904
Merchanting
76
49
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
283
Other trade related services
183
22
8
n.p.
3
n.p.
n.p.
0
218
Operational leasing services
2
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
0
15
Professional services
269
128
10
n.p.
21
n.p.
n.p.
3
434
Research and Development
109
99
3
5
9
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
231
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
393
187
36
n.p.
53
n.p.
n.p.
3
700
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
19
n.p.
7
n.p.
1
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
44
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
666
129
13
n.p.
11
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
823
Other
122
24
2
1
4
n.p.
n.p.
1
156
Confidential items - other business services (b)
0
12
118
17
36
n.p.
n.p.
6
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
206
129
n.p.
69
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
475
Audiovisual and related services
127
43
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
175
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
79
86
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
300
Government services n.i.e.
52
17
3
47
22
0
159
435
735
Confidential items (b)
0
0
76
16
20
21
30
26
..
Total
12,795
6,278
5,029
845
2,232
154
405
630
28,369

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e.
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items


TABLE F6: INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES DEBITS BY STATE, 1999-00

NSW
VIC
QLD
SA
WA
TAS
NT
ACT
Australia Total
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Transportation
-4,404
-2,709
-1,495
-319
-957
-31
-104
0
-10,018
Travel
-3,954
-2,376
-1,482
-452
-1,168
-82
-112
-210
-9,836
Education related
-212
-158
-105
-26
-53
0
-13
-26
-593
Other
-3,742
-2,218
-1,377
-426
-1,115
-82
-99
-184
-9,243
Communication (a)
-558
-469
-286
-121
-148
-37
-16
-29
-1,664
Construction services
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Insurance services
-866
-36
0
0
0
0
0
0
-902
Financial services
-343
-184
0
0
0
0
0
0
-527
Computer & information services
-346
-70
-10
n.p.
-7
n.p.
0
n.p.
-458
Royalties and licence fees
-1,217
-478
-23
-67
n.p.
n.p.
0
n.p.
-1,805
Other business services
-1,434
-1,160
-113
-54
-272
n.p.
n.p.
-8
-3,046
Merchanting and other trade related services
-51
-88
-31
n.p.
-25
n.p.
n.p.
-1
-221
Operational leasing services
n.p.
-665
0
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-942
Professional services
-191
-81
-9
-3
-17
n.p.
n.p.
-2
-306
Research and Development
-44
-40
-1
n.p.
-12
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-99
Architectural, engineering and other technical services
-399
-55
-33
-12
-58
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-559
Agriculture, mining and on-site processing
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-149
Services between affiliated enterprises n.i.e
-421
-147
-31
n.p.
-17
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-626
Other
-93
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-15
n.p.
n.p.
-1
-144
Confidential items - other business services (b)
-235
-84
-8
-39
-128
n.p.
n.p.
-4
..
Personal, cultural, and recreational services
-569
-178
-3
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-808
Audiovisual and related services
-539
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-683
Other personal, cultural and recreational services
-30
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
-125
Government services n.i.e.
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
-649
-649
Confidential items (b)
0
0
0
-61
-20
-5
-2
-20
..
Total
-13,691
-7,660
-3,412
-1,074
-2,572
-155
-234
-916
-29,713

(a) Communication services includes other services n.i.e
(b) For cells annotated 'n.p.' the data are included in Confidential items
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