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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2006  
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Contents >> Work >> National and State Summary Tables

National and State Summary Tables

WORK: NATIONAL SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

1
Total labour force
%
8 881
9 061
9 169
9 256
9 379
9 495
9 676
r9 831
10 019
r10 145
10 390
2
Females – of total labour force
%
42.7
43.0
43.1
43.2
43.3
43.8
44.2
44.2
44.7
44.6
44.8
3
Participation rate
%
63.3
63.6
63.4
63.1
63.1
63.1
63.4
63.4
63.7
63.5
64.0
4
    Males
%
73.7
73.8
73.4
72.9
72.7
72.3
72.1
72.1
71.7
71.6
71.8
5
    Females
%
53.2
53.8
53.8
53.6
53.8
54.3
54.9
55.1
55.9
55.6
56.5
6
    Females
    with children aged 0–4(a)
%
49.3
47.4
r47.8
48.2
47.1
r49.1
50.0
49.3
50.0
47.5
51.7
7
    Persons aged 15–19
%
58.7
59.1
58.9
57.6
58.2
59.1
59.8
59.5
59.4
60.1
60.5
8
    Persons aged 20–24
%
82.7
83.0
82.5
81.9
82.1
82.1
82.2
81.8
81.5
81.1
81.1
9
Median age of male labour force
years
36
37
37
37
38
38
38
38
39
38
39
10
Median age of female labour force
years
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
37
38
38
38

EMPLOYED PEOPLE

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

11
Total employed
'000
8 113
8 324
8 404
8 519
8 689
8 869
9 057
9 168
9 395
r9 559
9 845
12
Proportion of the total population in employment
%
44.9
45.5
45.4
45.5
45.9
46.3
46.7
46.7
47.3
r47.6
48.4
Part-time work
13
Persons employed part-time –
of total employed
%
24.5
24.7
25.3
25.7
26.1
26.3
26.8
28.1
28.7
28.4
28.5
14
Males employed part-time –
of total males employed
%
11.0
11.1
11.8
12.1
12.6
12.6
13.4
14.4
14.8
14.7
14.9
15
Females employed part-time –
of total females employed
%
42.6
42.6
43.1
43.5
43.6
43.8
43.6
45.3
45.8
45.6
45.3
16
Females employed part-time –
of total part-time employed
%
74.5
74.5
73.6
73.3
72.7
73.2
72.2
71.5
71.5
71.3
71.2
17
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed part-time
hours
15.3
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.4
15.6
15.6
15.8
16.0
15.9
16.2
18
Persons employed part-time
who prefer more hours –
of all part-time employed
%
26.4
26.1
26.5
26.1
25.8
23.9
24.2
27.1
26.2
26.3
25.8
19
Persons employed part-time
who worked 15 hours or less
per week – of all part-time employed
%
51.8
52.1
51.1
51.1
51.1
50.2
49.9
49.2
48.3
48.9
47.4
Full-time work
20
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed full-time
hours
40.9
40.5
41.0
41.1
41.1
41.4
40.7
40.8
41.2
40.4
40.7
21
Persons employed full-time
working 50 hours or more per week – of all full-time employed
%
24.3
23.7
24.4
24.9
24.9
25.6
24.1
24.5
24.8
23.4
24.1
Employment arrangements
22
Employees without leave
entitlements – of all employees
%
24.0
26.1
25.8
26.9
26.4
27.3
27.2
27.3
27.6
27.7
26.8
23
Males employed without leave entitlements – of all male employees
%
18.5
21.2
20.9
22.6
22.0
23.0
23.6
23.5
24.0
24.7
23.1
24
Females employed without leave entitlements – of all female employees
%
30.8
32.0
31.7
32.0
31.8
32.3
31.5
31.6
31.9
31.2
31.0
25
Employers and own account workers - of total employed
%
14.6
14.6
13.9
14.3
13.6
13.5
13.3
13.4
13.3
12.9
12.8
Industry
26
Employed in service
industries – of total employed
%
71.7
72.3
72.6
72.9
73.6
73.2
73.8
74.1
74.7
74.9
74.8
27
Employed in manufacturing
industry – of total employed
%
13.8
13.4
13.5
13.2
12.5
12.4
12.3
11.8
11.9
11.2
11.1
Occupation(b)
28
Employed in highest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations– of total employed
%
24.7
24.8
24.5
25.0
25.2
25.2
25.7
26.5
26.0
26.4
27.1
29
Employed in lowest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 5) occupations– of total employed
%
22.0
21.8
20.4
20.4
20.3
19.7
19.5
19.0
19.4
19.3
19.0
30
Females – of all employed in
highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations
%
35.0
35.5
41.4
41.2
40.9
42.1
42.7
42.5
43.3
44.0
44.7

WORKPLACE RELATIONS

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

31
Trade union members –
of all employees
%
32.7
31.1
30.3
28.1
25.7
24.7
24.5
23.1
23.0
22.7
22.4
32
Working days lost due to industrial disputes (per 1,000 employees)
days
85.0
114.1
90.0
82.1
55.8
105.3
45.1
41.9
30.2
66.9
28.8
33
Pay set by award only - of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
23.2
n.a.
20.5
n.a.
20.0
n.a.
34
Pay set by collective
agreements – of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
36.8
n.a.
38.2
n.a.
40.9
n.a.
35
Pay set by individual
agreements – of all employees
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
40.0
n.a.
41.3
n.a.
39.1
n.a.

UNEMPLOYMENT

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

36
Total unemployed
'000
768.6
736.5
764.9
737.8
689.6
626.3
619.5
663.3
624.4
586.0
545.6
37
Long-term unemployed –
of total unemployed
%
32.3
27.5
27.0
29.3
29.8
26.9
23.4
22.1
21.6
21.0
19.0
38
Long-term unemployed –
of total labour force
%
2.8
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.2
1.8
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.0
39
Unemployment rate
%
8.7
8.1
8.3
8.0
7.4
6.6
6.4
6.7
r6.2
5.8
5.3
40
    Males
%
8.9
8.5
8.6
8.2
7.6
6.7
6.7
7.0
6.3
5.6
5.1
41
    Females
%
8.3
7.6
8.0
7.6
7.0
6.4
6.1
6.5
6.1
6.0
5.4
42
    Capital cities
%
8.8
8.2
8.2
7.4
6.8
6.0
5.9
6.4
5.9
5.6
5.0
43
    Balance of states
    and territories
%
9.2
8.9
9.4
9.1
8.3
7.6
7.2
7.4
6.8
6.1
5.8
Unemployed looking for full-time work
44
    Of all persons aged 15–19
%
7.3
7.1
6.9
6.5
5.7
5.0
5.0
5.3
4.7
4.6
4.4
45
    Of all persons aged 20–24
%
8.7
8.5
8.9
8.6
7.6
6.3
6.4
6.7
6.3
5.7
5.2
46
Median duration
of unemployment – males
weeks
26
r24
r26
26
26
24
18
20
19
r16
14
47
Median duration
of unemployment – females
weeks
21
r18
r21
22
19
15
16
14
14
13
10
48
Retrenchment rate
%
n.a.
4.6
n.a.
4.4
n.a.
4.0
n.a.
3.9
n.a.
2.7
n.a.
49
Persons previously retrenched and currently employed – of all retrenched
%
n.a.
44.7
n.a.
42.4
n.a.
46.4
n.a.
52.7
n.a.
51.2
n.a.
Labour force underutilisation
50
Labour force underutilisation rate
%
13.8
13.8
13.6
13.0
11.8
10.9
12.6
12.1
11.5
11.1
10.5
51
Extended labour force
underutilisation rate
%
15.1
15.2
15.0
14.3
13.2
12.2
13.7
13.1
12.5
12.2
11.4

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE(c)

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

52
Marginally attached
'000
862.8
879.6
890.5
922.6
883.2
823.9
816.5
808.1
834.6
855.3
831.1
53
Discouraged jobseekers
'000
111.9
118.9
118.4
110.9
105.8
106.5
81.7
78.0
79.8
82.0
59.3

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT

Units
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005

Persons aged 55–64 years
54
Participation rate – males
%
61.4
60.8
60.5
60.4
60.8
60.7
60.9
61.7
63.0
64.2
65.3
55
Participation rate – females
%
27.9
30.1
31.1
31.6
32.0
34.5
36.1
38.4
40.2
41.4
43.8
56
Males employed part-time –
of all employed males aged 55–64
%
13.5
13.1
13.8
14.8
14.9
13.9
15.8
16.3
17.3
15.7
16.4
57
Females employed part-time –
of all employed females aged 55–64
%
50.8
49.8
51.2
49.7
51.0
51.3
51.4
52.3
51.6
49.7
50.1

(a) From 2001, data include females in both opposite-sex and same-sex couple families, and lone parents with children aged 0–4 years .
(b) Australian Standard Classification of Occupation (ASCO) second edition was introduced in August 1996. Data prior to this date are concorded with ASCO second edition at the major group level.
(c) Data include persons aged 15–69 years.

Reference periods: All data are annual averages for the year ending 30 June except:
    Data for indicators 6, 9–10 and 46–47 are at June.
    Data for indicators 22–24 and 31 are at August.
    Data for indicators 33–35 are at May.
    Data for indicators 48–49 are at February.
    Data for indicators 50–53 are at September.

WORK: STATE SUMMARY

LABOUR FORCE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

1
Total labour force
'000
2004–05
3 389
2 599
2 049
773
1 064
230
101
186
10 390
2
Females – of total labour force
%
2004–05
44.6
45.0
45.1
44.8
44.2
45.2
45.6
48.1
44.8
3
Participation rate
%
2004–05
62.5
64.2
65.8
61.7
66.5
59.3
69.3
72.0
64.0
4
    Males
%
2004–05
70.3
72.4
73.1
69.4
74.8
66.6
73.1
76.9
71.8
5
    Females
%
2004–05
54.8
56.4
58.7
54.3
58.4
52.4
65.3
67.4
56.5
6
    Females with children aged 0–4
%
2005
52.9
50.4
54.1
54.7
42.0
45.5
59.9
65.3
51.7
7
    Persons aged 15–19
%
2004–05
56.6
57.4
68.1
61.5
65.7
56.5
53.2
63.1
60.5
8
    Persons aged 20–24
%
2004–05
79.9
79.8
84.3
83.6
80.5
79.2
69.7
86.3
81.1
9
Median age of male labour force
years
2005
39
39
38
39
39
40
38
37
39
10
Median age of female labour force
years
2005
38
37
38
39
39
40
36
37
38

EMPLOYED PEOPLE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

11
Total employed
'000
2004–05
3 211
2 452
1 948
731
1 013
216
94
179
9 845
12
Proportion of the
total population in work
%
2004–05
47.4
48.8
49.1
47.4
50.4
44.6
46.5
55.0
48.4
Part-time work
13
Persons employed part-time –
of total employed
%
2004–05
27.5
29.2
27.9
31.0
29.3
31.7
23.0
25.8
28.5
14
Males employed part-time –
of total males employed
%
2004–05
14.8
15.2
14.4
15.8
14.4
15.9
15.2
14.8
14.9
15
Females employed part-time –
of total females employed
%
2004–05
43.4
46.3
44.5
49.6
48.4
50.6
32.1
37.6
45.3
16
Females employed part-time –
of total part-time employed
%
2004–05
70.2
71.3
71.7
71.9
72.4
72.5
64.4
70.4
71.2
17
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed part-time
hours
2004–05
16.3
15.8
16.7
16.5
15.9
16.2
17.4
16.1
16.2
18
Persons employed part-time
who prefer more hours –
of all part-time employed
%
2004–05
26.2
26.2
26.2
28.5
22.4
26.6
18.0
22.0
25.8
19
Persons employed part-time
who worked 15 hours or less
per week – of all part-time employed
%
2004–05
46.5
49.7
45.4
46.8
49.4
47.9
33.0
47.2
47.4
Full-time work
20
Average hours worked per week
by persons employed full-time
hours
2004–05
40.6
40.4
41.2
40.3
41.5
39.8
41.1
38.9
40.7
21
Persons employed full-time
working 50 hours or more per week – of all full-time employed
%
2004–05
24.2
22.8
25.6
22.3
26.4
21.2
24.6
19.4
24.1
Employment arrangements
22
Employees without leave entitlements – of all employees
%
2005
26.0
26.0
28.1
28.5
27.0
30.7
26.0
24.1
26.8
23
Males employed without leave entitlements – of all male employees
%
2005
21.7
22.9
24.2
24.3
24.0
27.0
25.3
23.2
23.1
24
Females employed without leave entitlements – of all female employees
%
2005
30.9
29.7
32.5
33.3
30.4
34.6
26.8
25.0
31.0
25
Employers and own account
workers – of total employed
%
2004–05
12.7
11.1
14.2
13.9
15.3
12.7
8.2
8.5
12.8
Industry
26
Employed in service
industries – of total employed
%
2004–05
76.6
73.9
74.1
72.5
71.5
71.9
82.1
90.1
74.8
27
Employed in manufacturing
industries – of total employed
%
2004–05
10.3
13.9
10.2
12.8
9.5
10.9
3.0
2.6
11.1
Occupation
28
Employed in highest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations

of total employed
%
2004–05
28.4
28.6
23.4
25.8
25.5
25.7
26.6
36.8
27.1
29
Employed in lowest skill
(ASCO Skill Level 5) occupations –
of total employed
%
2004–05
18.3
19.3
19.7
20.1
19.0
20.1
19.4
13.7
19.0
30
Females – of all employed in
highest skill (ASCO Skill Level 1) occupations
%
2004–05
45.0
44.4
45.5
43.4
43.2
44.0
48.2
46.4
44.7

WORKPLACE RELATIONS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

31
Trade union members –
of all employees
%
2005
23.9
21.5
22.8
23.4
18.7
25.8
18.3
20.4
22.4
32
Working days lost due to industrial disputes (per 1,000 employees)
days
2004–05
21.8
36.3
19.2
6.3
75.3
12.3
34.6
0.8
28.8
33
Pay set by award only – of all employees
%
2004
22.5
16.1
23.0
26.2
12.6
20.9
11.9
17.0
20.0
34
Pay set by collective
agreements – of all employees
%
2004
37.2
42.3
41.4
44.8
40.8
43.3
52.7
55.6
40.9
35
Pay set by individual
agreements – of all employees
%
2004
40.4
41.5
35.6
29.0
46.6
35.9
35.5
27.4
39.1

UNEMPLOYMENT

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

36
Total unemployed
'000
2004–05
178.3
146.8
100.9
42.3
50.4
13.9
6.3
6.7
545.6
37
Long-term unemployed –
of total unemployed
%
2004–05
21.5
20.1
15.6
19.4
13.5
28.3
3.7
13.7
19.0
38
Long-term unemployed –
of total labour force
%
2004–05
1.1
1.1
0.8
1.1
0.6
1.7
0.2
0.5
1.0
39
Unemployment rate
%
2004–05
5.3
5.6
4.9
5.5
4.7
6.1
6.3
3.6
5.3
40
    Males
%
2004–05
5.1
5.5
4.6
5.7
4.3
6.3
7.0
4.0
5.1
41
    Females
%
2004–05
5.4
5.8
5.4
5.2
5.2
5.7
5.4
3.2
5.4
42
    Capital cities(a)
%
2004–05
4.5
5.2
4.8
6.0
4.8
5.5
. .
. .
5.0
43
    Balance of states and territories(a)
%
2004–05
6.6
6.9
5.0
4.0
4.6
6.5
. .
. .
5.8
Unemployed looking for full-time work
44
    Of all persons aged 15–19
%
2004–05
4.4
4.0
4.6
5.2
4.4
6.2
4.7
3.2
4.4
45
    Of all persons aged 20–24
%
2004–05
5.2
5.4
4.9
6.3
4.4
5.9
3.9
3.2
5.2
46
Median duration
of unemployment – males
weeks
2005
18
14
11
11
9
14
21
13
14
47
Median duration
of unemployment – females
weeks
2005
13
9
11
9
7
18
11
9
10
48
Retrenchment rate
%
2004
2.8
2.5
2.5
2.7
3.2
2.1
1.6
1.6
2.7
49
Persons previously retrenched and currently employed – of all retrenched
%
2004
50.4
51.8
52.7
45.9
55.2
31.7
58.5
58.1
51.2
Labour force underutilisation
50
Labour force underutilisation rate
%
2005
10.7
11.4
9.9
10.8
8.9
13.4
7.3
6.2
10.5
51
Extended labour force
underutilisation rate
%
2005
11.7
12.3
10.9
11.7
9.7
14.9
7.8
6.8
11.4

NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE(b)

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

52
Marginally attached
'000
2005
277.1
215.7
151.2
63.9
79.4
24.9
4.9
14.0
831.1
53
Discouraged jobseekers
'000
2005
21.6
12.6
12.5
4.6
4.8
2.4
*0.1
*0.7
59.3

TRANSITION TO RETIREMENT

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Persons aged 55–64 years
54
Participation rate – males
%
2004–05
63.3
68.3
64.4
63.5
70.5
54.6
63.5
68.8
65.3
55
Participation rate – females
%
2004–05
42.1
43.9
43.9
42.0
49.0
38.9
56.3
53.2
43.8
56
Males employed part-time –
of all employed males aged 55–64
%
2004–05
16.4
17.1
14.2
17.9
17.0
19.7
14.8
16.8
16.4
57
Females employed part-time –
of all employed females aged 55–64
%
2004–05
47.6
54.2
49.2
49.0
53.0
58.0
27.1
40.8
50.1

(a) Capital city and balance of state breakdown are not available for Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory.
(b) Data include persons aged 15–69 years.

Reference periods: All data are for the financial year ending 30 June except:
    Data for indicators 6, 9–10 and 46–47 are at June.
    Data for indicators 22–24 and 31 are at August.
    Data for indicators 33–35 are at May.

    Data for indicators 48–49 are at February.
    Data for indicators 50–53 are at September.



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