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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2008   
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Contents >> Crime and justice >> Community-based corrections

COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS

Community-based corrections orders are non-custodial orders served under the authority of adult corrective services agencies and include restricted movement, fine option, community service, parole, bail and sentenced probation.

13.31 PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS(a)(b) - June quarter 2007

Type of penalty
no.

Community-based corrections
52 226
Restricted movement
683
Reparation
Fine option
3 569
Community service
10 284
Supervision (compliance)
Parole
9 749
Bail
1 728
Sentenced probation
32 571

(a) Average of figures for the first day of each month in the quarter.
(b) As a person may have more than one type of order, the sum of the components may be greater than the total.
Source: Corrective Services, Australia (4512.0).


During the June quarter 2007 there was an average of 52,226 people in community-based corrections in Australia. The most common community service orders issued were sentenced probation (32,571), followed by community service (10,284) and parole (9,749) (table 13.31).

13.32 DEATHS IN CUSTODY

Police
Prison
Total(a)
Indigenous
Non-
Indigenous
Indigenous
Non-
Indigenous
Indigenous
Non-
Indigenous
Total

1990
5
26
5
28
10
55
65
1991
5
26
8
31
13
57
70
1992
7
24
2
34
9
58
67
1993
3
28
7
42
10
71
81
1994
3
24
11
42
14
67
81
1995
4
22
17
42
21
66
87
1996
6
23
12
40
18
64
82
1997
6
23
9
67
15
90
105
1998
6
19
9
60
16
79
95
1999
6
20
13
46
19
66
85
2000
5
21
11
51
17
73
90
2001
4
31
14
43
18
74
92
2002
11
26
8
42
19
68
87
2003
8
28
10
30
18
58
76
2004
7
22
7
32
14
54
68
2005
8
12
7
27
15
39
54
2006
8
12
4
27
13
39
(b)54

(a) Includes deaths that occurred in custody other than police or prison custody (such as juvenile detention).
(b) Includes two deaths in police custody in New South Wales for which Indigenous status is unknown.
Source: Australian Institute of Criminology, National Deaths in Custody Program 1990-2005 (computer file).


Nationally, the rate of persons in community-based corrections was 327 persons per 100,000 adult population for the June quarter 2007. Men were almost five times more likely to be in community-based corrections than women. The rate for men was 541 males per 100,000 adult male population, while for women it was 117 females per 100,000 adult female population.




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