SERVICE INDUSTRIES SURVEYS
ANA data are useful for making broad comparisons across industries to enable a picture to be drawn of the economic importance of the cultural sector. However, the ANA does not have detailed information on the operations of each of the cultural industries. Such information is available from a series of Service Industries Surveys (SIS) run over various years (1999-2000, 2002-03 and 2003-04).
Most of these surveys included only employing businesses (unlike data for the ANA) and therefore do not reflect the activities of the whole industry. However, even though there are numerous businesses in Australia without employees, their overall contribution to economic activity is relatively small.
A 1995-96 study revealed that non-employing businesses in the cultural and recreational services industry division accounted for approximately three-quarters of all businesses but only 6% of operating income (Source: ABS, Information Paper: The Expanded Use of Business Income Tax Data in ABS Economic Statistics, cat. no. 5672.0).
Thus, the exclusion of businesses without employees does not affect the usefulness of the income or employment data collected by the Service Industries Surveys.
In 2002-03, businesses mainly engaged in Television services had an operating income of $5,158.8m. Other cultural industries included in the Service Industries Surveys where income exceeded $1,000m were Film and video production and Film and video distribution.
6.3 SELECTED CULTURAL INDUSTRIES(a), Income and value added
|Film and video production |
|Film and video distribution |
|Motion picture exhibition(b) |
|Television services |
|Video hire industry |
|Libraries and archives |
|Botanic gardens |
|Music and theatre productions |
|Performing arts venues |
|Commercial art galleries |
|Other services to the arts |
|Performing arts festivals |
|Other services to the arts |
|na not available |
|(a) Excludes some parts of the cultural industries such as publishing and recorded media and the creative arts. Also excludes the income of non-employing businesses. |
|(b) Includes non-operating income. |
|ABS, Service Industries Surveys (various publications), Australia, 1999-2000, 2002-03, 2003-04 (cat. nos. 8559.0, 8560.0, 8561.0, 8562.0, 8563.0, 8651.0, 8654.0, 8679.0, 8697.0). |
When making comparisons between the different sources of data it is important to take into consideration differences in the scope and methodology of the surveys. Each data source provides information on different aspects of cultural production and what information is required will determine what data source to use.
ANA data should be used if making broad comparisons across industries or when trying to value the cultural sector as a whole to the economy. On the other hand, SIS data are more appropriate for examining a particular industry in detail.
As the chapters in Part B of this report do not make comparisons across industries, SIS will be the primary data source.