TYPES OF DWELLINGS
A small proportion of Australians live in institutional settings such as hostels, boarding houses, residential colleges, staff quarters, prisons, corrective and detention institutions, nursing homes and other welfare institutions. However, the vast majority (around 98%) are members of households living in private self-contained dwellings such as houses, flats or units.
Of the 7.7 million households living in private dwellings in 2003-04, 80% were living in separate houses, 11% in flats, units or apartments, and 8% in semi-detached, row or terrace houses or townhouses.
In capital cities, the proportion of households living in separate houses ranged from 70% in Sydney to 85% in Hobart. Outside of capital cities, the proportion of households living in separate houses was even higher - more than 90% in all states except New South Wales and Queensland. Higher density housing was most common in capital cities, particularly in Sydney and Darwin where approximately one in five households were living in flats, units or apartments in 2003-04 (graph 8.1).
Separate houses are generally larger and have more bedrooms than other dwelling types. Typically, separate houses have three or four bedrooms; semi-detached houses have two or three bedrooms; and flats, units or apartments have one or two bedrooms.
The three-bedroom house is by far the most common type of dwelling in Australia. In 2003-04, 44% of all households were living in three-bedroom houses (table 8.2). A further 26% were living in houses with four or more bedrooms. In total 76% of households were living in dwellings (mainly houses) with three or more bedrooms; 20% were living in two-bedroom dwellings (mainly houses and flats, units or apartments); and 5% were living in one-bedroom dwellings (mainly flats, units or apartments).
8.2 ALL HOUSEHOLDS, By dwelling structure and number of bedrooms - 2003-04
row or terrace house/townhouse
|Four or more bedrooms|
|(a) Includes other dwelling structures.|
(b) Includes bed-sits and dwellings with no bedrooms.
|Source: ABS data available on request, Survey of Income and Housing, 2003-04.|