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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/06/2007  Reissue
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Contents >> 7.0 Cultural Trade - Introduction >> 7.4 Trade in Services

TRADE IN SERVICES

The previous section provided information on trade in cultural goods (i.e. movable goods that cross Australia's customs frontier). While this is a major part of Australia's cultural trade with other countries, trade in services also contributes to Australia's trade in culture and recreation.


The term ‘credits’ is used to refer to services rendered by Australians to the rest of the world and the term ‘debits’ to describe services provided by the rest of the world to Australians.


Most of Australia’s trade in services relates to international transport, travel, education and business services. Trade in cultural services (including music royalties) is relatively small in value and therefore parts of it have been combined with recreational services and health and medical services in the collection and output of data. Trade in this broader category (referred to as cultural and recreational services in the remainder of this chapter) - rather than just cultural services - is discussed here.


Australia earned $370m from cultural and recreational services in 2005-06, approximately 0.9% of its total earnings from services in that year. This figure has remained relatively constant over recent years, with the exception of 2000-01 when the inclusion of television rights to the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games boosted it to about 4.6%.


Australia paid $1,204m to other countries for cultural and recreational services in 2005-06, with Audiovisual and related services accounting for 72% of that total, and music royalties a further 18%. This represented 2.9% of all Australia's payments for services in that year.

7.8 TRADE IN CULTURAL AND RECREATIONAL SERVICES - 1999-2000 to 2005-06

1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Service credits (earnings)
Audiovisual and related services
217
(a)1 460
127
211
205
149
215
Music Royalties
61
74
58
70
42
48
41
Other cultural and recreational services(b)
87
109
153
136
88
56
114
Total services provided
365
1 643
338
417
335
253
370
Service debits (payments)
Audiovisual and related services
721
674
777
732
776
867
869
Music Royalties
235
262
266
244
209
255
213
Other cultural and recreational services(b)
77
97
93
98
130
142
122
Total services received
1 033
1 033
1 136
1 074
1 115
1 264
1 204

(a) Includes $1,025m associated with the broadcast rights for the Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
(b) Includes health and medical services.
ABS, Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia, various issues (cat. no. 5302.0) and data available on request.


For Audiovisual and related services, Australia's largest earnings came from the sale of television programs. In 2005-06, television program sales amounted to $129m.


Television programs also accounted for the bulk of the $869m of payments Australia made for Audiovisual and related services, amounting to $539m in 2005-06. Payments for the right to use videotapes totalled $225m.

7.9 AUDIOVISUAL AND RELATED SERVICES, By type - 1999-2000 to 2005-06

1999-2000
2000-01
2001-02
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Credits (earnings)
Theatrical films
26
9
np
22
13
3
6
Television programs - Sydney Olympic Games
-
1 025
-
-
-
-
-
Television programs - other
134
81
93
89
130
94
129
Video tapes
np
6
2
8
6
3
1
Total credits(a)
217
1 460
127
211
205
149
215
Debits (payments)
Theatrical films
144
85
90
80
76
78
85
Television programs
444
456
532
481
526
610
539
Video tapes
125
111
146
159
170
170
225
Total debits(a)
721
674
777
732
776
867
869

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes Multimedia and Other (not separately identified).
ABS, Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, data available on request.


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