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1329.0.55.002 - Vineyards Estimates, Australia, 2004-05  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 22/12/2005   
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Estimates from the Vineyards 2005 collection show that the season 2005 matched last year's record outcomes. Grape growers cultivated 166,700 hectares of vines, a slight increase from the 2004 season. The total bearing area for grapes rose slightly to 153,200 hectares, while the area not yet bearing fell marginally to 13,500 hectares. Red grape varieties comprised 59% of the total area of vines and 61% of the total bearing area.

Estimates for total grape production in 2005 remained the same as the 2004 record at 2.0 million tonnes. The largest producing state, South Australia, recorded a decrease in production of 3% to 861,500 tonnes. Victoria and New South Wales, the next largest growing states, showed increases in production of 4% to 551,200 tonnes and 5% to 508,300 tonnes respectively.

Red grape production (1.0 million tonnes) was slightly higher than white grape production (979,600 tonnes). Consistent with last year's record outcome, 1.8 million tonnes of grapes were harvested for winemaking. The production of grapes for drying rose by 5% to 135,400 tonnes while the harvest of table and other grapes also rose by 5%, to 72,700 tonnes.

South Australia continues to be the highest red grape-producing state with 52% of total production. Victoria was the highest producer of white grapes with 35% of total production, followed by South Australia with 32%.

Four varieties of grapes accounted for 62% of all production: shiraz (415,400 tonnes), chardonnay (378,300 tonnes), cabernet sauvignon (284,100 tonnes) and sultana (169,000 tonnes).

The principal source of water for irrigating vines in 2005 was surface water from state or private irrigation schemes, with a total of 83,800 hectares of vines irrigated from this source. The principal methods of watering vines in 2005 were by drip or micro spray, with a total of 113,900 hectares of vines irrigated by these methods.

(State data are available on request.)

GRAPES(a), Area of vines at harvest (ha) - Year ended 30 June

Australia

2003
2004
2005

RED GRAPES

Bearing
88 645
92 892
92 849
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted prior to collection year
4 425
3 173
2 809
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted during collection year
2 422
2 224
2 375
Total area of vines
95 491
98 290
98 033

WHITE GRAPES

Bearing
54 148
57 669
60 355
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted prior to collection year
3 987
4 627
4 560
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted during collection year
3 866
3 595
3 718
Total area of vines
62 001
65 891
68 632

TOTAL GRAPES
Bearing
142 793
150 561
153 204
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted prior to collection year
8 412
7 800
7 369
Not yet bearing: planted or grafted during collection year
6 288
5 819
6 093
Total area of vines
157 492
164 181
166 665

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.

GRAPES(a), Production (fresh weight) (t) - Year ended 30 June

Australia

2003
2004
2005

RED GRAPES

Winemaking
772 522
1 063 075
1 009 983
Drying
8 572
8 643
10 487
Table and other
28 400
25 076
26 428
Total production
809 493
1 096 794
1 046 897
Yield (t/ha)(b)
9.1
11.8
11.3

WHITE GRAPES

Winemaking
557 074
753 482
808 443
Drying
83 692
120 845
124 926
Table and other
46 680
43 844
46 234
Total production
687 446
918 171
979 603
Yield (t/ha)(b)
12.7
15.9
16.2

TOTAL GRAPES
Winemaking
1 329 595
1 816 556
1 818 426
Drying
92 264
129 489
135 412
Table and other
75 080
68 920
72 662
Total production
1 496 939
2 014 965
2 026 500
Yield (t/ha)(b)
10.5
13.4
13.2

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.
(b) Yield represents the quantity of grapes produced per hectare of bearing vines.

GRAPES(a), Australia, Production by selected variety (t) - Year ended 30 June 2005

SELECTED RED GRAPES

Shiraz
415 421
Cabernet Sauvignon
284 062
Merlot
132 586
Pinot Noir
36 887
Ruby Cabernet
33 587

SELECTED WHITE GRAPES

Chardonnay
378 287
Sultana
168 990
Semillon
96 727
Colombard
77 501
Muscat Gordo Blanco
52 009

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals. Note that more detailed varietal information will be available in Australian Wine and Grape Industry (cat. no. 1329.0) due for release in January 2006.

GRAPEVINES WATERED IN SEASON 2005, Australia(a) (ha)

SOURCE OF WATER

Surface water from state/private irrigation schemes
83 757
Other surface water
26 945
Underground water supply
31 694
Town or country reticulated water supply
3 637
Recycled water
2 742
Other
Not reported
412
773

WATERING METHOD

Drip or micro spray
113 858
Furrow or flood
11 586
Spray
23 674
Other
Not reported
267
571

(a) Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.


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