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5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, Dec 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/02/2008   
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11/2/2008 A feature article Export and Import Invoice Currencies will be released on Monday 11 February 2008.

4/2/2008 republished at 12:50 pm to correct an error in the pdf file and Time Series Table 16.
The period average Trade-weighted index for the December 2007 should be 68.2 instead of 64.6.


October 2007
November 2007
December 2007
Nov 07 to Dec 07
% change


Balance on goods and services
-2 166
-2 261
-2 293
. .
Credits (exports of goods & services)
18 068
18 130
18 237
Debits (imports of goods & services)
20 233
20 391
20 529


Balance on goods and services
-2 826
-2 162
-1 936
. .
Credits (exports of goods & services)
17 437
18 367
18 606
Debits (imports of goods & services)
20 263
20 529
20 541

. . not applicable
- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)

Balance on Goods and Services
Graph: Balance on Goods and Services



  • The provisional trend estimate of the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $2,293m in December 2007, an increase of $32m on the revised deficit in November.
  • Goods and services credits rose $107m (1%) to $18,237m. Goods and services debits rose $138m (1%) to $20,529m.

  • In seasonally adjusted terms, the balance on goods and services was a deficit of $1,936m in December, a decrease of $226m on the revised deficit in November.
  • Goods and services credits rose $239m (1%) to $18,606m. Rural goods rose $178m (9%) and non-rural and other goods rose $39m. Services credits rose $22m (1%).
  • Goods and services debits rose $12m to $20,541m. Capital goods rose $105m (3%) and consumption goods rose $60m (1%) while intermediate and other goods fell $215m (3%). Services debits rose $63m (2%).

  • In original terms, the December 2007 balance on goods and services was a deficit of $530m, a decrease of $2,743m on the revised deficit in November. Goods and services credits rose $1,318m (7%) and goods and services debits fell $1,425m (7%).
  • In the six months to December, exports of non-rural and other goods were up $1,249m (2%) while rural goods were down $1,464m (11%) on the corresponding period in 2006-07.



ISSUE Release Date
January 2008 6 March 2008
February 2008 7 April 2008
March 2008 6 May 2008
April 2008 5 June 2008
May 2008 3 July 2008
June 2008 31 July 2008


Revisions were made to incorporate the latest available data relating to merchandise trade and administrative data relating to the international trade in services. In original terms, these revisions have:

  • decreased the deficit on goods and services for November 2007 by $76m
  • decreased the deficit on good and services for 2006-07 by $20m.


A new front page will be introduced in the January 2008 issue of this publication. It shows the Balance on goods and services and the Credits (Exports) and Debits (Imports) components separately in both trend and seasonally adjusted terms in the 'key figures' section. The 'key points' section follows the proposed categories to give flexibility in writing the commentary and to explain reasons for movements in components and balances and unusual occurrences during the month. Please refer to appendix for a sample of the proposed front page. Please contact Selvi Sekhar on (02) 6252 5540 or e-mail <> if you have any comments on the changes to the front page.


A feature article Import and Export Invoice Currencies, 2007 is scheduled for release on 11 February 2008 and can be accessed on the ABS web site <> from the summary page for this issue. This article analyses the major invoice currencies used for Australia's international merchandise trade. It identifies compositional changes in the currencies used to invoice goods imported into and exported from Australia during the five quarters from December quarter 2006 to December quarter 2007. The article also examines invoice currencies by selected divisions of the Standard International Trade Classification Revision 3 (SITC Rev3). Historical comparisons for calendar based year ends for 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007 examine invoicing trends over the past four years.

Similar analyses appeared in the March quarter 1998, March quarter 2001 and March quarter 2003 releases of the discontinued publication International Merchandise Trade, Australia (cat. no. 5422.0). The last analysis appeared as a feature article in the June 2005 release of 5368.0. The June 2005 article is available on the ABS web site <>.


For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Selvi Sekhar on Canberra (02) 62525540.

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