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3311.4.55.001 - Demography, South Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 05/05/2004   
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OVERVIEW

This page replaces the previous hard copy publication Demography, South Australia (cat. no. 3311.4) and shows 2002 details for South Australia.




SPECIAL ARTICLE: DEATHS OF SOUTH AUSTRALIAN BABY BOOMERS

POPULATION
BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS
DEATHS
MIGRATION
MARRIAGES
DIVORCES
REGIONAL SUMMARY

For comparisons between the states and territories of Australia, please refer to Demography, Australia, 2002 (cat. no. 3311.0.55.001). Demography publications for each state and territory can be accessed from the following links:

Additional state demographic data are also available from publications and data cubes linked at the foot of this page. The Demography Theme Page provides links to other Australian as well as international demography statistics. The National Regional Profiles provide economic and social statistics of Statistical Local Areas and Local Government Areas of Australia.




Inquiries

For further information about the statistics on this page contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Susan Jones on (08) 8237 7465 or susan.jones@abs.gov.au.


SUMMARY

In 2002, South Australia's share of the Australian population was 8% and it has been the fifth most populous state since 1982. South Australia had a higher share of registered deaths (9%), a lower share of registered births (7%) and marriages (also 7%), and a very low share of net overseas migration (2%) in 2002.


POPULATION

At 31 December 2002 the South Australian resident population was estimated to have reached 1,522,500 persons (753,200 males and 769,300 females). The population increase during 2002 was 7,000 persons (0.5%) and was composed of a natural increase of 5,700 persons, net overseas migration gain of 2,800 persons and a net interstate migration loss of 1,500 persons. The natural increase was the result of 17,500 births outnumbering 11,800 deaths. The last year in which South Australia had a net interstate migration gain was 1991 (600 persons).

COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGE
Graph - Natural increase, net overseas migration and net interstate migration from 1992 to 2002



Persons aged under 15 years comprised 19% of the South Australian population at 30 June 2002 compared with 21% at 30 June 1992. Over this ten-year period, persons aged 65 years and over increased from 13% to 15% of the population, while the proportion of persons aged 85 years and over increased from 1.1% to 1.7%. At 30 June 2002, females comprised 56% of persons aged 65 years and over and 69% of persons aged 85 years and over.

POPULATION, South Australia, 31 December

1992
2001
2002

Estimated resident population('000)
1,458.8
1,515.5
1,522.5

Components of population change(a)
Natural increase(b)no.
8,513
5,455
5,712
Net overseas migration(c)no.
2,135
3,310
2,777
Net interstate migrationno.
-2,623
-1,696
-1,537
Total increase(d)no.
7,395
7,495
6,952

Annual growth rate

%

0.5

0.5

0.5

Estimated resident households(e)

('000)

554.5

614.0

np


np - not for publication as data are under review.
(a) From previous year.
(b) Births and deaths figures used to compile natural increase for population estimates are based on year of occurrence and may differ from births and deaths data based on year of registration displayed in the Births and Confinements table and the Deaths table below.
(c) Includes migration adjustment. Please refer to the Explanatory Notes for further details. Net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories in 1992.
(d) Includes intercensal discrepancy not accounted for by natural increase and net migration.
(e) At 30 June. Based on 1996 census.


BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS

In 2002 there were 17,400 confinements resulting in 17,700 live births registered to mothers usually resident in South Australia. Registrations of births were 2% higher than in 2001 (17,300 births) and 9% lower than in 1992 (19,300 births). There were 9,100 male and 8,600 female births registered in 2002, giving a sex ratio of 105.1 males per 100 females. South Australia had the lowest crude birth rate in Australia, with 11.6 births per 1,000 population.

The total fertility rate (TFR), that is the average number of babies that a woman could expect to give birth to in her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates, was 1.72 babies per woman in 2002. Since 1975, TFRs have been below the rate of 2.1 babies per woman, which is the rate required for replacement of the population.

A baby girl born in 2002 can expect to have 0.83 daughters in her life time. This is the net reproduction rate and takes into account the current fertility rates, the sex ratio of babies, and the chance of her dying before finishing her reproductive life.

The upward trend in median ages of parents at confinement continued in 2002, to a high of 30.4 years for mothers and 32.6 years for fathers, reflecting the tendency for couples having children later in life. The 30-34 year age group had the highest fertility rate for the fourth consecutive year and was 111.2 babies per 1,000 women in 2002.

AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATES
Graph - Age-specific fertility rates of women in 5 year age groups between 15 and 49 years, 1992, 1997 and 2002
(a) Births per 1,000 women


Indigenous births are defined as births in which one or both parents identified as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin. There were 680 Indigenous births registered to parents who were usually resident in South Australia in 2002 and 560 Indigenous births in 1992. These births comprised 4% of all South Australian births, compared with 3% in 1992.

BIRTHS AND CONFINEMENTS(a), South Australia

1992
2001
2002

Live births
Numberno.
19,311
17,281
17,665
Crude birth raterate
13.3
11.4
11.6
Total fertility raterate
1.703
1.677
1.723
Net reproduction raterate
0.811
0.820
0.831

All confinements
Numberno.
19,061
17,026
17,354
Median age of motheryears
28.7
30.3
30.4

Nuptial confinements
Numberno.
14,280
11,287
11,362
Median age of motheryears
29.6
31.4
31.6
Median age of fatheryears
31.8
33.4
33.6

First nuptial confinements
Numberno.
6,497
4,793
4,846
Median age of motheryears
28.5
30.3
30.4

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


DEATHS

In 2002 there were 12,000 registered deaths of persons usually resident in South Australia, an increase of 10% from 1992 when there were 10,900 deaths. The increase in the number of deaths over time reflects the increasing size of the population and in particular, the increasing number of older people. In 2002, there were 6,100 male deaths and 5,900 female deaths.

The crude death rate (CDR) was 7.9 deaths per 1,000 population in 2002. There has been little movement in CDRs over the last 10 years. However, a fall in death rates is observed when the rates are standardised to eliminate the effect of the changing age structure of the population over time. The standardised death rates (SDR) have fallen from 7.9 deaths per 1,000 standard population in 1992 to 6.7 deaths per 1,000 standard population in 2002.

The CDRs for males have been slightly higher than those for females in the last decade even though the male population has a younger age structure than the female population. In 2002 there were 8.1 male deaths per 1,000 males in the population compared with 7.7 female deaths per 1,000 females in the population. SDRs show that there are significant differences between the mortality experiences of the sexes. In 1992, the male SDR was 10.2 deaths per 1,000 standard population, 62% higher than the female SDR of 6.3 deaths per 1,000 standard population. In 2002, the male SDR was 8.3 deaths per 1,000 standard population, 54% higher than the female SDR of 5.4 deaths per 1,000 standard population.

DEATH RATES
Graph - Crude and standardised death rates for males and females from 1992 to 2002
(a) Deaths per 1,000 population


In 2002, the main underlying causes of death were malignant neoplasms (3,300 deaths) and ischaemic heart diseases (2,400 deaths). The standardised death rate for malignant neoplasms was 189 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 2002 compared with 194 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 1992 representing a decrease of 3%. Ischaemic heart diseases were the leading underlying cause of death in 1992 but have been second to malignant neoplasms since then. Over the last decade, there was a large decrease (39%) in SDRs for ischaemic heart diseases, from 212 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 1992 to 129 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 2002.

The infant mortality rate was 5.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2002.

DEATHS(a), South Australia

1992
2001
2002

Numberno.
10,925
11,891
11,987
Crude death raterate
7.5
7.9
7.9
Standardised death raterate
7.9
6.8
6.7

Median age at death
Malesyears
73.4
76.7
77.2
Femalesyears
79.8
82.4
82.7

Infant deaths
Numberno.
117
79
90
Infant mortality raterate
6.1
4.6
5.1

Life expectancy at birth
Malesyears
75.0
77.0
77.3
Femalesyears
80.9
82.5
82.6

(a) Compiled on year of registration basis.


MIGRATION

In 2002, more people migrated to South Australia than left for interstate or overseas. There were 14,100 persons who arrived from overseas with the intention of staying for at least 12 months or more and 9,700 persons who departed from South Australia with the intention of staying abroad for at least 12 months. Of the 30,100 persons who changed their usual residence from interstate to South Australia (arrivals), 8,100 persons (27%) came from Victoria and 7,700 persons (26%) from New South Wales. Of the 31,600 persons who changed their usual residence from South Australia to another state or territory (departures), 9,200 persons (29%) moved to Victoria and 7,700 persons (24%) moved to Queensland. South Australia's largest net gain was from New South Wales (900 persons) and largest net losses were to Queensland (1,900 persons) followed by Victoria (1,100 persons).

INTERSTATE MIGRATION, 2002
Graph - Sources and destinations of South Australian interstate migration, 2002


MIGRATION, South Australia

1992
2001
2002

Overseas migration - permanent and long-term movement(a)
Arrivalsno.
10,160
12,240
14,082
Departures no.
6,850
8,603
9,696
Net overseas migration(b)no.
2,135
3,310
2,777

Interstate migration
Arrivalsno.
27,865
28,585
30,092
Departuresno.
30,488
30,281
31,629
Net interstate migrationno.
-2,623
-1,696
-1,537


(a) Based on stated intention on arrival or departure.
(b) Includes migration adjustment. Please refer to the Explanatory Notes for further details. Net overseas migration data for Jervis Bay, Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Island were randomly allocated to the states and territories in 1992.


MARRIAGES

In 2002, there were 7,400 marriages registered in South Australia and at least one of the parties had been previously married in 2,700 (36%) of them. Ministers of religion performed 3,400 marriages (47%) and 5,400 couples (74%) cohabited prior to their marriages. The crude marriage rate was 4.9 marriages per 1,000 persons residing in South Australia.

MARRIAGES, South Australia

1992
2001
2002

Number registeredno.
9,423
7,434
7,373
Crude marriage raterate
6.5
4.9
4.9

Median age at marriage
Bridegroomyears
28.5
30.8
31.1
Brideyears
26.1
28.7
28.8



DIVORCES

Details on divorces are not yet available for 2002. In 2001, there were 4,500 divorces granted in South Australia and the crude divorce rate was 3.0 divorces per 1,000 population.

DIVORCES, South Australia

1992
2001
2002

Number grantedno.
4,074
4,545
nya
Crude divorce raterate
2.8
3.0
nya

Median duration of marriage

years

10.9

12.6

nya

Median interval between marriage and final separation

years

7.9

9.1

nya

nya - not yet available


REGIONAL SUMMARY

The Adelaide Statistical Division (ASD), which contained 73% of the South Australian population, had 72% of the State's births and 73% of the State's deaths in 2002. The ASD's average total fertility rate over the three years 2000-2002 (1.62 births per woman) was less than the three-year average for the remainder of the State (2.05 births per woman).

At 30 June 2002, the most populous Statistical Local Area (SLA) within South Australia was Onkaparinga (C) - Woodcroft, which had an estimated resident population of 35,100. Next came Salisbury (C) - South-East (34,600 persons), Marion (C) - Central (33,300 persons), Tea Tree Gully (C) - South (33,300 persons) and Charles Sturt (C) - Coastal (31,400 persons). Mount Gambier (C) (23,500 persons) was the 24th most populous SLA within the state and it was the most populous SLA outside the ASD.

TEN MOST POPULOUS SLAS OUTSIDE THE ASD, 30 June 2002
Graph - Estimated resident population of the ten most populous SLAs outside the ASD at 30 June 2002



Demographic data for all South Australian SLAs are available from the data cube linked at the foot of this page.

RELATED LINKS

3101.0 Australian Demographic Statistics
3201.0 Population by Age and Sex, State and Territories
3218.0 Regional Population Growth, Australia and New Zealand
3222.0 Population Projections, Australia
3230.0 Experimental Estimates of the Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander Population
3231.0 Experimental Projections of the Indigenous Population
3236.0 Household and Family Projections, Australia
3301.0 Births, Australia
3302.0 Deaths, Australia
3303.0 Causes of Death, Australia
3412.0 Migration, Australia
3105.0.65.001 Australian Historical Population Statistics

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