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There are also a number of joint use local government library locations (e.g. combined local government and school libraries) in South Australia, Western Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory which have been included in the scope of the collection. For purposes of this publication, the Australian Capital Territory libraries have been treated as local government libraries, because of the manner in which they operate.
Therefore, care should be taken in comparing State and Territory data as the allocation of income, expenses and employment may be treated differently according to the mode of operation.
At the end of June 2000, there were 505 local government library organisations with 1,510 library locations, 8 National and State library organisations with 26 locations, and 8 National and State archive organisations with 27 locations operating in Australia.
The total library holding stock of these organisations was 54.3 million books and other library materials at the end of June 2000, of which 36.4 million were available as lending stock and 17.9 million as non-lending stock. This holding stock represented a 3% increase in lending stock and a 6% increase in non-lending stock since June 1997.
During 1999-2000, there were 99.4 million visits to local government, National and State libraries, which represented an 11% increase in visits since 1996-1997. In comparison, there were 11.8 million visits to botanic gardens and 79.4 million paid admissions to motion picture cinemas during the same period.
Libraries and archives are particularly reliant on government funding for their operation with 91% ($725 million) of total income being sourced from government funding.
In total, 12,596 employees worked for libraries and archives at the end of June 2000, and 5,150 volunteers worked for libraries and archives during the month of June 2000.
Income and expenses
The 1,510 local government library locations received $478 million in total income during 1999-2000. Government funding of $456 million accounted for 95% of this income. The other major source of income was services to clients (e.g. photocopying charges, binding, late charges) which accounted for $17 million. Total expenses of local government libraries was $456 million.
During June 2000, there were 14,085 persons working in local government libraries, comprising 9,592 employees at the end of June and 4,493 volunteers who worked some time during the month of June. The 4,493 volunteers in local government libraries during June 2000 worked 30,647 hours, which represented 6.8 hours per volunteer for the month.
Clients and library stock
During 1999-2000, there were 93.3 million visits to local government
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Copyright © Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001
1 This publication presents results, in respect of the 1999-2000 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) census of local government libraries, National and State libraries and archival service organisations.
2 For the purposes of this collection, libraries with restricted access such as those operated by educational institutions (universities and schools) and libraries operated by businesses and organisations for internal reference purposes were excluded from the collection.
3 It should be noted that there are three broad models of local government library organisations. A centralised model exists in South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory where the acquisition, cataloguing and processing of library stock are generally the responsibility of the State library or a government department, with the individual locations being responsible for provision of service delivery. A coordinated model exists in New South Wales and Victoria, where each library location is responsible for the total provision of local government library services, receiving support from the State and local government in the form of subsidies, grants or materials. Local government libraries in Queensland and the Northern Territory have combinations of these two models.
4 There are a number of joint use library locations (e.g. local government and school libraries) in South Australia, Western Australia and the Australian Capital Territory which have been included in the scope of the survey.
5 Care should be taken when comparing data in this publication with that in Libraries and Museums, Australia, 1996-1997 (Cat. no. 8649.0) because the scope of the library survey was different. However, the historical data shown in this publication has been produced on the same basis to allow for accurate comparisons.
6 The statistical unit for National and State libraries and archives was the management unit. The management unit is the highest-level accounting unit within an organisation, having regard for industry homogeneity, for which accounts are maintained.
7 For local government authorities, the unit was defined to be those activities associated with the provision of library services.
RELIABILITY OF DATA
8 Because the collection was a census, the data are not subject to sampling variability. However, other inaccuracies collectively referred to as non-sampling error may affect the data. These non-sampling errors may arise from a number of sources, including:
9 Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires, efficient operating procedures and systems, and appropriate methodology.
10 Data contained in the tables of this publication relate to all employing organisations which operated in Australia at any time during the year ended 30 June 2000. Counts of organisations include only those that were operating at 30 June 2000.
ORGANISATIONS CEASED DURING THE YEAR
11 A very small number of organisations ceased operations during the 1999-2000 reference period. As is normal ABS procedure, the contributions of these organisations were included in the survey output.
12 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.
13 This publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 1999-2000 for a range of cultural services industries. Other publications in this series are:
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