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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> Labour >> Job vacancies

JOB VACANCIES

In ABS statistics, a job vacancy is defined as a job available for immediate filling on the survey reference date and for which recruitment action has been taken by the employer. Job vacancy statistics can be used to assess changes in the demand for labour.

Graph 6.62 presents quarterly trend estimates of job vacancies for the period May 1986 to May 2006. It shows that the number of job vacancies decreased to 30,300 in August 1991, reflecting the labour market downturn in the early-1990s. The number of job vacancies then trended upwards to a high of 115,000 in May 2000, before falling to 88,900 in November 2001. Job vacancies then increased again, reaching a new record high of 151,600 in May 2006.



6.62 JOB VACANCIES(a) 6.62 JOB VACANCIES(a)


The number of job vacancies in May 2006 was highest in the Property and business services industry (35,300) followed by the Retail trade (21,600), Health and community services (14,900) and Manufacturing (13,000) industries (table 6.63). Property and business services has had the highest number of job vacancies in May in each of the past five years.


6.63 JOB VACANCIES, By industry(a) - May

2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000

Mining
1.1
1.1
2.0
2.7
3.9
Manufacturing
11.6
10.9
16.1
14.0
13.0
Electricity, gas and water supply
0.4
0.3
0.4
1.0
0.9
Construction
*9.2
*5.5
*7.1
*9.7
9.6
Wholesale trade
4.4
*4.1
7.3
*6.6
11.6
Retail trade
10.9
18.1
21.8
21.1
21.6
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
*6.3
5.0
*3.8
6.3
6.7
Transport and storage
2.4
*1.6
*3.0
*4.5
3.1
Communication services
0.4
0.5
0.7
0.6
*1.1
Finance and insurance
4.0
5.0
4.7
7.4
8.1
Property and business services
14.2
*18.8
27.7
31.9
35.3
Government administration and defence
5.8
4.9
4.9
6.3
8.7
Education
3.1
5.0
4.5
4.1
3.6
Health and community services
11.1
12.0
12.1
14.0
14.9
Cultural and recreational services
1.9
3.6
*2.0
3.7
3.9
Personal and other services
*3.5
*3.1
*4.6
*4.0
*5.8
All industries
90.3
99.5
122.7
137.8
152.0

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition.
Source: Job Vacancies, Australia, Spreadsheets (6354.0).


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