Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Industry Structure and Performance >> Employment in industries

EMPLOYMENT IN INDUSTRIES

Another measure of the significance of an industry is its contribution to total employment. Employment (and unemployment) data are used as social indicators by government, research and welfare organisations. Employment is also an indicator of economic activity, although turning points in the employment series tend to lag turning points in the business cycle.

Graph 13.4 shows industry shares of total employment in 1994-95 and 2004-05. These data were derived from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) monthly Labour Force Survey and relate to the civilian population aged 15 years and over. These data reflect averages across the four quarters of each year to remove seasonal effects. People are considered to be employed if they were in paid work for one hour or more in the reference week, or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or farm. Employment is further described in the Labour chapter.

In 2004-05, 9.8 million people were employed across all industries. From an industry perspective, the Retail trade industry employed the greatest number of people (1.5 million employed persons or 15% of total employment). Property and business services employed 1.1 million people (12% of total employment) followed by Manufacturing (11%), Health and community services (10%), Construction (9%) and Education (7%).

These industries were also the main employing industries in 1994-95, although Property and business services has displaced Manufacturing as the second largest employer. Between 1994-95 and 2004-05 the Property and business services industry share of total employment increased by 2.2 percentage points. Conversely, Manufacturing's share of total employment declined by 2.7 percentage points over the period.

13.4 CONTRIBUTION TO TOTAL EMPLOYMENT(a) - 1994-95 and 2004-05 13.4 CONTRIBUTION TO TOTAL EMPLOYMENT(a) - 1994-95 and 2004-05


The industry composition of average weekly paid hours for wage and salary earners provides an insight into the labour market. Data on this topic are obtained from the biennial Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, conducted by the ABS. This survey covers all employing organisations in Australia (public and private sectors) except enterprises primarily engaged in the Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry, private households employing staff, and foreign embassies and consulates.

Graph 13.5 shows average weekly total paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees by industry in May 2004 compared with the average for all industries in the period (39.5 hours). Total paid hours are equal to ordinary time paid hours plus overtime paid hours. The highest average weekly paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees was in the Mining industry (45.3 hours), followed by Construction (42.1 hours) and Transport and storage (41.7 hours). The lowest average weekly paid hours were in Education and Government administration and defence both (37.6 hours).

Paid overtime accounted for 4% of average weekly total paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees. Employees worked the most paid overtime in Mining (7.7% of total paid hours for the industry). Paid overtime in the Construction, Manufacturing, Transport and storage, and Electricity, gas and water supply industries accounted for 7.6%, 7.3%, 7.2% and 7.0% of total paid hours respectively.

13.5 AVERAGE WEEKLY TOTAL PAID HOURS FOR FULL-TIME ADULT NON-MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES(a), Difference from all industries average(b) - May 2004 13.5 AVERAGE WEEKLY TOTAL PAID HOURS FOR FULL-TIME ADULT NON-MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES(a), Difference from all industries average(b) - May 2004


Compensation of employees is both an economic and social indicator. This item includes wages and salaries (paid in cash and in kind) and employer social contributions (e.g. employers' contributions to superannuation and worker's compensation premiums). Wages and salaries in kind can include meals, housing, uniforms, and vehicles.

Graph 13.6 shows industry shares of total compensation of employees in 2004-05. In this period, total compensation of employees was $426b. Total wages and salaries was $381b (89% of total compensation of employees).

The Property and business services industry held the largest share of total compensation of employees (15%), followed by Manufacturing (13%), Health and community services (10%), Education (8%) and Retail trade (8%). These industries were also in the top six industries (along with the Construction industry) that had the highest share of total employment in 2004-05.

13.6 CONTRIBUTION TO TOTAL COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEES(a) - 2004-05 13.6 CONTRIBUTION TO TOTAL COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEES(a) - 2004-05

Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.