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EMPLOYMENT IN INDUSTRIES
The industry composition of average weekly paid hours for wage and salary earners provides an insight into the labour market. Data on this topic are obtained from the biennial Survey of Employee Earnings and Hours, conducted by the ABS. This survey covers all employing organisations in Australia (public and private sectors) except enterprises primarily engaged in the Agriculture, forestry and fishing industry, private households employing staff, and foreign embassies and consulates.
Graph 13.5 shows average weekly total paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees by industry in May 2004 compared with the average for all industries in the period (39.5 hours). Total paid hours are equal to ordinary time paid hours plus overtime paid hours. The highest average weekly paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees was in the Mining industry (45.3 hours), followed by Construction (42.1 hours) and Transport and storage (41.7 hours). The lowest average weekly paid hours were in Education and Government administration and defence both (37.6 hours).
Paid overtime accounted for 4% of average weekly total paid hours for full-time adult non-managerial employees. Employees worked the most paid overtime in Mining (7.7% of total paid hours for the industry). Paid overtime in the Construction, Manufacturing, Transport and storage, and Electricity, gas and water supply industries accounted for 7.6%, 7.3%, 7.2% and 7.0% of total paid hours respectively.
Compensation of employees is both an economic and social indicator. This item includes wages and salaries (paid in cash and in kind) and employer social contributions (e.g. employers' contributions to superannuation and worker's compensation premiums). Wages and salaries in kind can include meals, housing, uniforms, and vehicles.
Graph 13.6 shows industry shares of total compensation of employees in 2004-05. In this period, total compensation of employees was $426b. Total wages and salaries was $381b (89% of total compensation of employees).
The Property and business services industry held the largest share of total compensation of employees (15%), followed by Manufacturing (13%), Health and community services (10%), Education (8%) and Retail trade (8%). These industries were also in the top six industries (along with the Construction industry) that had the highest share of total employment in 2004-05.