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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> Energy >> International trade in energy products

INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENERGY PRODUCTS

In 2004-05 Australia exported a total of 13,153 PJ of energy products, comprising 13,086 PJ of primary energy products and 67 PJ of derived energy products (table 17.8). In terms of energy content, the largest contributors were black coal (50% of total energy exports) and uranium (40%), followed by crude oil (4%) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) (4%). Total energy exports increased by 29% from 1999-2000 to 2004-05 with uranium (up 40%) and black coal (up 32%).

In contrast, total imports of energy products were relatively small (1,470 PJ in 2004-05) (table 17.8). Crude oil and LPG made up 72% of total energy imports in 2004-05. Imports of primary energy products have remained relatively constant over recent times. Imports of derived energy products (mainly petroleum-based products), however, have increased substantially from 157 PJ in 1999-2000 to 414 PJ in 2004-05 (up 163%).


17.8 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Volume of exports and imports

Exports
Imports


1999-2000
2004-05
Change from
1999-2000
to 2004-05
1999-2000
2004-05
Change from
1999-2000
to 2004-05
PJ
PJ
%
PJ
PJ
%

Primary energy products
Black coal
5,013.4
6,594.6
31.5
-
-
-
Crude oil and ORF(a)
772.5
555.3
-28.1
1,042.4
1,042.2
-
LPG
73.4
73.1
-0.4
13.3
13.9
4.5
LNG
431.0
576.0
33.6
-
-
-
Uranium
3,771.8
5,287.0
40.2
-
-
-
Total
10,062.1
13,086.0
30.1
1,055.7
1,056.1
-
Derived energy products
Automotive gasoline
46.9
26.5
-43.5
36.4
107.1
194.2
Aviation gasoline
2.6
1.2
-53.8
1.5
1.6
6.7
Aviation turbine fuel
21.3
8.8
-58.7
6.3
36.2
474.6
ADO and IDF(b)
41.3
14.2
-65.6
54.0
152.2
181.9
Fuel oil and kerosene
23.6
8.0
-66.1
32.6
52.3
60.4
Other petroleum products(c)
15.8
8.6
-45.6
26.5
64.1
141.9
Briquettes
-
-
-
-
-
-
Coke
0.6
-
-
-
-
-
Total
152.1
67.3
-55.8
157.3
413.5
162.9
Total
10,214.2
13,153.3
28.8
1,213.0
1,469.6
21.2

(a) Other refinery feedstock (ORF).
(b) Automotive diesel oil (ADO) and industrial diesel fuel (IDF).
(c) Also includes lubricants and greases, bitumen and other bituminous products, solvents, waste oils and diesel.
Source: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 'Australian Energy Statistics - Australian Energy Update', 2006, Table J.


Graph 17.9 shows the comparison between energy exports and imports over the last 30 years.

17.9 EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF ENERGY PRODUCTS



Table 17.10 shows the contribution of energy products to Australia's export earnings. In 2004-05 the export of energy products contributed approximately 24% towards Australia's total merchandise export earnings, up from 19% in 1999-2000. Black coal accounted for the largest share of the total value of energy exports (58% in 2004-05), followed by crude oil (19%) and LNG (11%). Imports of energy products (mainly crude oil) accounted for 10% of the total value of imports in 2004-05. Over the period 1999-2000 to 2004-05 the value of crude oil imports increased by $3.8b (up 64%).

While the volume of energy exports has increased by 29% in the period 1999-2000 to 2004-05 (table 17.8), the value of energy exports over the same period increased by 62%, partly due to price increases for energy products in the period. Although uranium accounted for over a third of all exports by energy content, the value of uranium exports contributed only 2% of the total value of energy exports in 2004-05.


17.10 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Value of exports and imports

Exports
Imports


1999-2000
2004-05
Change from
1999-2000
to 2004-05
1999-2000
2004-05
Change from
1999-2000
to 2004-05
$m
$m
%
$m
$m
%

Black coal(a)
8,323
17,144
106.0
5
11
120.0
Crude oil and ORF(b)
4,878
5,693
16.7
5,915
9,687
63.8
LPG
648
804
24.1
108
143
32.4
LNG
1,949
3,199
64.1
-
-
-
Uranium oxide
367
475
29.4
-
-
-
Refinery products
2,281
2,498
9.5
1,617
5,228
223.3
Total of energy products
18,446
29,813
61.6
7,645
15,069
97.1
Total merchandise trade
97,287
126,824
30.4
110,077
149,468
35.8

(a) Coking plus steaming.
(b) Other refinery feedstock (ORF).
Source: International Merchandise Imports, Australia, May 2006 (5439.0); International Trade in Goods and Services, Australia, May 2006 (5368.0); Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 'Australian Commodity Statistics', 2004.


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