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8672.0 - Cleaning Services Industry, Australia, 1998-99  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 14/06/2000   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

INTRODUCTION

This publication presents results, in respect of the 1998–99 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of businesses in the cleaning services industry. Businesses involved in the cleaning services industry are classified to Class 7866 (Cleaning Services) of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), which consists of businesses mainly engaged in cleaning of windows, building interiors and related cleaning services. Businesses mainly involved in the cleaning of building exteriors or cleaning of carpets and curtains were excluded from the survey.


SIZE OF INDUSTRY

At the end of June 1999, there were 5,938 businesses in the cleaning services industry, of which 2,864 (48%) were sole proprietorships or partnerships. The cleaning of commercial buildings and offices was the main cleaning activity of 2,899 businesses (49% of all businesses). The cleaning of education premises and domestic premises was the main activity of 776 businesses and 717 businesses respectively.


SOURCES OF INCOME

During 1998-99, the total income of the cleaning services industry was $2,137 million with 96% of this income being accrued from general cleaning services. Private sector clients accounted for 76 % ($1,555 million) and government clients 24% ($489 million) of the general cleaning services income.


EXPENDITURE

Total expenses for the cleaning services industry during 1998-99 were $1,981 million. Labour costs of $1,377 million represented 70% of total expenses for the industry.


EMPLOYMENT

At the end of June 1999, total employment in the cleaning services industry was 95,001 persons, of whom 90,267 persons (95%) worked as cleaners.


PROFITABILITY

In 1998-99, the operating profit before tax for the industry was $156 million, which represented an operating profit margin of 7.3%.


1 KEY FIGURES
Value

Businesses at end June
Sole proprietor or partnership
no.
2864
Incorporated company
no.
2415
Trust
no.
659
Total
no.
5938
Businesses by main cleaning activity
Commercial buildings/office premises
no.
2899
Industrial premises
345
Retail premisesno.
no.
532
Domestic premises
no.
717
Event venues
no.
*28
Education premises
no.
776
Hospitality premises
no.
449
Health premises
no.
85
Transport facilities
no.
38
Other
no.
69
Total
no.
5938
Employment at end June
Cleaners
no.
90267
Other
no.
4734
Total
no.
95001
Income
Income from general cleaning services
From the private sector
$m
1555.4
From the public (government) sector
$m
488.7
Total
$m
2044.1
Other income
$m
92.9
Total
$m
2137.0
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
1377.1
Payments to sub-contractors for general cleaning services
$m
166.0
Purchases
$m
100.2
Other expenses
$m
337.9
Total
$m
1981.1
Operating profit before tax
$m
155.5
Operating profit margin
%
7.3

Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2000

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