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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> Industry Structure and Performance >> Measures of industry structure and performance

MEASURES OF INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE

This section provides details of the number of operating businesses in Australian industries and some indicators of their economic and financial performance in 2003-04. Business activities classified to ANZSIC Division K, Finance and insurance, and Division M, Government administration and defence are excluded from the statistics. In addition, entities classified to the general government institutional sector are excluded for most industries. This exclusion particularly affects data presented for the Education and Health and community services industries, where details relate only to private sector businesses. The term 'total selected industries' is used to refer to the aggregate of the industries included in this section.

Table 13.7 shows the number of operating businesses, in 2003-04, categorised by type of business based on employing status and employment size group. Small businesses are defined as those employing businesses with employment of less than 20 persons, medium businesses as those employing businesses with employment of 20 to less than 200 persons, and large businesses as those employing businesses with employment of 200 or more persons.

The total number of businesses operating in the total selected industries at the end of June 2004 was 2,265,600, consisting of 800,400 employing businesses and 1,465,200 non-employing businesses. Of the employing businesses, there were 752,700 small businesses (94% of total employing businesses), 44,900 medium businesses and 2,800 large businesses. The Property and business services industry had the largest number of operating businesses in 2003–04 (636,700), followed by Construction (365,800) and Agriculture, forestry and fishing (235,400).


13.7 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE(a) - 2003-04

Type of business
Total

Employing
Non-employing

ANZSIC Division
Small(b)
Medium(c)
Large(d)

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
74,483
1,386
28
159,541
235,438
Mining
2,502
209
83
5,100
7,894
Manufacturing
56,055
6,608
635
68,424
131,723
Electricity, gas and water supply
732
132
53
1,667
2,584
Construction
108,437
2,498
118
254,728
365,781
Wholesale trade
42,648
3,292
232
43,465
89,637
Retail trade
115,704
8,036
289
111,226
235,254
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
34,819
4,309
133
21,175
60,436
Transport and storage
34,898
1,680
159
86,334
123,071
Communication services
7,690
161
18
20,295
28,164
Property and business services
159,361
7,893
478
468,943
636,674
Education(e)
8,674
1,904
96
22,050
32,725
Health and community services(e)
48,900
4,669
345
63,564
117,478
Cultural and recreational services
18,836
815
62
61,103
80,817
Personal and other services
38,955
1,296
72
77,562
117,885
Total selected industries
752,695
44,890
2,799
1,465,178
2,265,562

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition. Excludes Finance and insurance, and Government administration and defence.
(b) Total employment less than 20 persons.
(c) Total employment in the range 20-199 persons.
(d) Total employment of 200 or more persons.
(e) Private sector businesses.
Source: Australian Industry, 2003-04 (8155.0).


Figure 13.8 shows that non-employing businesses constituted 65% of total operating businesses in total selected industries, accounting for 11% of total sales and service income and industry value added (IVA). Conversely, although only 0.1% of total operating businesses were large businesses, they generated 37% of total sales and service income and 39% of total IVA. Of total wages and salaries paid, large employing businesses accounted for the largest proportion (41%), with medium and small employing businesses contributing 29% and 28% respectively.

13.8 INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE(a), Type of business - 2003-04 13.8 INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE(a), Type of business - 2003-04

Indicators such as sales and service income, operating profit before tax (OPBT) and profit margin can be used to assess business and industry performance.

Sales and service income comprises sales of goods, income from services and rent, leasing and hiring income. OPBT is calculated as total income minus total expenses plus changes in inventories. Profit margin refers to the percentage of total income available as OPBT. Table 13.9 and figure 13.10 present these measures for selected industries for 2003-04.

The Manufacturing industry had the highest sales and service income ($316b), followed by the Wholesale and Retail trade industries ($310b and $291b respectively). The highest OPBT was earned by businesses in Property and business services industry ($43b), Manufacturing ($24b), and Mining and Construction ($16b each).



13.9 INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE(a), Income and profit - 2003-04

ANZSIC Division
Sales and
service income
Operating profit
before tax
$m
$m

Agriculture, forestry and fishing
52,432
4,756
Mining
60,414
15,886
Manufacturing
316,042
24,115
Electricity, gas and water supply
45,415
6,367
Construction
157,230
15,735
Wholesale trade
310,397
13,679
Retail trade
291,289
11,278
Accommodation, cafes and restaurants
45,970
2,749
Transport and storage
82,900
3,535
Communication services
40,893
7,067
Property and business services
209,220
43,038
Education(b)
8,383
1,278
Health and community services(b)
40,558
7,359
Cultural and recreational services
31,906
4,173
Personal and other services
20,010
3,071
Total selected industries
1,713,058
164,085

(a) Classified according to the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 edition. Excludes Finance and insurance, and Government administration and defence.
(b) Private sector businesses.
Source: Australian Industry, 2003-04 (8155.0).


Although the Manufacturing industry had the highest sales and service income of all of the selected industries in 2003-04, it recorded a low profit margin (7%) compared to other industries. The Mining industry had the highest profit margin (24%) of all industries shown, followed by the Property and business services (18%) and Communication services (17%) industries. The smallest profit margin (4%) was returned by the Retail trade industry.

13.10 INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE, Profit margin - 2003-04 13.10 INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE, Profit margin - 2003-04


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