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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2007  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 24/01/2007   
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Contents >> Prices >> International trade price indexes

INTERNATIONAL TRADE PRICE INDEXES

International trade price indexes measure the change in prices of goods either as they cross the customs frontier entering Australia (i.e. the imports) or leaving Australia bound for another country (i.e. exports).

As the prices used in these indexes are expressed in Australian currency, changes in the relative value of the Australian dollar against overseas currencies (in particular, the major trading currencies) can have a direct and significant impact on the price movements of the many commodities that are bought or sold in terms of prices expressed in overseas currencies. Forward exchange cover is excluded from the prices used in the indexes.

The prices collected and used in compiling the indexes relate to specified standards, grades, types, etc., of each commodity with the aim of incorporating in the index the price changes of representative goods of constant quality. Wherever possible, prices to or from specific major markets are used for each of the goods priced, in order to lessen the impact of price variations attributable solely to changes in market origins or destinations. In most cases, prices are combined using fixed weights between markets. Weights between markets are reviewed periodically and revised where necessary. (For more information on the international trade price indexes, refer to Producer and International Trade Price Indexes: Concepts, Sources and Methods, 2006 (6429.0).)

IMPORT PRICE INDEX

The import price index measures changes in the prices of imports of merchandise landed in Australia, based on their 'free-on-board' (f.o.b.) prices in the country of origin. The index numbers for each quarter relate to prices of imports landed in Australia during the period.

The main uses of the import price index are as deflators for the production of chain volume estimates of imports, as a guide to future inflationary trends for macro-economic purposes and the indexation of business contracts.

The commodities represented in the price index cover about 95% of merchandise imports.

This series has a reference base year of 1989-90 = 100.0.

Table 28.24 provides import price index numbers for major community groups based on the UN Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev. 3), and the All groups index numbers, for the period 2002-03 to 2005-06.

EXPORT PRICE INDEX

The export price index measures changes in the prices of all exports of merchandise from Australia, including re-exports (goods which are imported into Australia then exported without alteration). The index numbers for each quarter relate to the prices of exports actually shipped during that quarter.

This series has a reference base year of 1989-90 = 100.0.

The commodities represented in the price index constitute approximately 95% of the total value of exports of merchandise from Australia.

In general, prices are obtained from the major exporters of the selected commodities included in the index. The prices used in the index are the prices at which the goods physically leave Australia, that is, the prices are f.o.b. at the main Australian ports of export.

Table 28.25 provides export price index numbers for major community groups based on the SITC Rev. 3, and the All groups index numbers, for the period 2002-03 to 2005-06.


28.24 IMPORT PRICE INDEX(a)

Community group (SITC section)(b)
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06

Food and live animals chiefly for food (0)
125.1
116.9
120.0
125.9
Beverage and tobacco (1)
139.9
134.1
128.2
132.5
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (2)
123.1
112.2
115.1
121.4
Minerals fuels, lubricants and other related materials (3)
174.9
156.2
202.3
288.0
Animals and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (4)
141.0
134.9
142.2
160.9
Chemical and other related products n.e.s. (5)
120.2
113.2
116.8
117.9
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (6)
129.2
118.9
123.2
126.7
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
118.7
103.3
98.3
95.4
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (8)
132.1
114.4
111.8
112.3
Commodities and transactions n.e.s. (9)
115.4
110.2
113.3
142.3
All groups
126.0
112.3
112.8
117.0

(a) Reference base year is 1989-90 = 100.
(b) Classified according to the UN Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev. 3).
Source: International Trade Price Indexes, Australia, June Quarter 2006 (6457.0).

28.25 EXPORT PRICE INDEX(a)

Community group (SITC section)(b)
2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06

Food and live animals chiefly for food (0)
109.3
100.7
106.8
112.0
Beverage and tobacco (1)
143.8
124.4
126.4
124.8
Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (2)
97.0
90.0
103.1
121.3
Minerals fuels, lubricants and other related materials (3)
160.9
139.4
184.9
254.0
Chemical and other related products n.e.s. (5)
100.4
97.2
108.3
118.8
Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (6)
102.1
100.6
121.1
139.8
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
100.6
89.8
88.4
89.8
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (8)
104.5
90.8
89.2
94.4
All groups
111.7
102.5
116.4
136.0

(a) Reference base year is 1989-90 = 100.
(b) Classified according to the UN Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev. 3).
Source: International Trade Price Indexes, Australia, June Quarter 2006 (6457.0).


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