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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 09/05/2002   
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Contents >> Health >> National summary tables

National summary tables

HEALTH STATUS

Units
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth years
73.9
74.4
74.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.2
75.6
75.9
76.2
76.6
Female life expectancy at birthyears
80.1
80.4
80.4
80.9
80.9
80.8
81.1
81.3
81.5
81.8
82.0
Male life expectancy at 65 years years
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.8
16.1
16.3
16.6
16.9
Female life expectancy at 65 yearsyears
19.0
19.1
19.2
19.5
r19.7
19.5
19.6
19.8
20.0
20.2
20.4
Male disability-free life expectancy at birthyears
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
57.5
n.a.
n.a.
Female disability-free life expectancy at birthyears
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
64.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
63.3
n.a.
n.a.
Males surviving to 50 years(a)%
93.0
93.3
93.5
93.7
93.6
93.7
93.8
93.9
93.9
94.0
n.a.
Females surviving to 50 years(a)%
96.2
96.4
96.4
96.6
96.6
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
n.a.
Males surviving to 70 years(a)%
69.9
70.8
71.3
72.5
72.5
73.2
74.1
74.7
75.5
76.3
n.a.
Females surviving to 70 years(a)%
82.9
83.3
83.6
84.2
84.2
84.5
85.0
85.2
85.7
86.1
n.a.
Males surviving to 85 years(a)%
23.5
24.1
24.2
25.9
25.6
26.3
28.0
28.6
29.9
31.2
n.a.
Females surviving to 85 years(a)%
43.1
43.6
43.7
45.5
45.2
45.9
47.0
47.8
48.9
50.2
n.a.
Mortality
Total number of deaths '000
120.1
119.1
123.7
121.6
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
128.1
128.3
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)rate
7.0
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.0
7.0
6.8
6.8
6.7
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)rate
7.2
6.9
6.9
6.6
6.7
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.0
5.9
5.7
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) rate
8.2
7.1
7.0
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.7
5.2
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)rate
11.3
10.6
10.7
9.2
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
8.5
8.3
Disability
Disability with specific restrictions (per 100 population)(b)(c)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
16.1
n.a.
n.a

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Leading causes(b) (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Cancerrate
181
181
181
180
181
177
177
171
168
166
164
Ischaemic heart diseaserate
186
176
177
162
161
151
145
138
128
122
113
Strokerate
72
69
67
65
67
63
61
56
53
53
51
Selected cancers(b) (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Male lung cancerrate
60
60
59
57
59
56
55
52
53
50
48
Female lung cancerrate
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
19
19
19
20
Female breast cancerrate
27
27
25
27
27
26
25
24
23
22
22
Prostate cancerrate
32
31
34
35
35
33
33
29
29
28
29
Skin cancerrate
7
6
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
5
Heart disease and diabetes(b) (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Male ischaemic heart diseaserate
250
237
235
219
216
204
196
183
171
164
150
Female ischaemic heart diseaserate
136
127
130
117
118
109
105
101
93
89
84
Diabetes mellitusrate
13
13
14
14
15
14
15
14
13
14
13
Accidents (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Motor vehicle traffic accident(b) rate
15
13
12
11
11
11
11
10
9
9
9
Male 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accidentrate
42
38
31
33
30
32
32
29
27
26
26
Female 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accidentrate
14
12
12
10
10
11
8
10
9
8
9
Suicide (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Suicide(b)rate
13
14
13
12
13
13
13
15
14
13
12
Male suiciderate
21
22
21
19
21
21
21
23
23
21
19
Female suiciderate
5
6
5
4
5
5
5
6
6
5
5
Male 15-24 years suicide rate
27
27
27
25
27
25
25
31
27
23
19
Female 15-24 years suicide rate
4
6
6
4
4
6
4
7
6
5
6
Drugs (Death rates per 100,000 population)
Drug inducedrate
5
5
5
5
6
7
6
7
9
9
8
Male drug inducedrate
7
6
7
6
8
9
9
10
13
14
12
Female drug inducedrate
4
4
4
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
AIDS(b) (Death rates per 100,000 population)
AIDS-relatedrate
3
3
4
4
4
4
3
2
1
1
1

RISK FACTORS

Units
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Immunisation status
Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years (of children 3 months to 6 years)%
45.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
47.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Drinking and smoking
Alcohol: apparent consumption per person per daymls
29.9
28.6
27.2
26.4
27.1
26.5
26.0
26.2
26.2
25.8
n.a.
Tobacco: apparent consumption per person per daygrams
5.6
5.2
5.3
4.7
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.7
n.a.
Diet and exercise
Total fats: apparent consumption per person per daygrams
54.5
53.5
53.3
52.2
53.0
51.8
52.7
49.8
51.2
50.8
n.a.
Persons who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of persons 18 years and over)(b)%
35.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
34.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

SERVICES

Units
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)rate
225
n.a.
237
247
260
263
276
283
291
295
298
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)no.
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.4
4.2
4.5
4.6
4.3
4.2
4.2
4.1
Average length of stay in hospitaldays
5.6
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.1
3.9
3.8
Doctors (per 100,000 population)no.
n.a.
225
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)no.
95.1
94.0
93.7
93.1
92.6
92.2
90.6
89.4
87.5
85.7
83.8
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(d)no.
8.5
8.5
8.9
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.5
10.5
10.6
10.6
10.6
Average Medicare services processed per male(d)no.
6.9
6.9
7.2
7.8
8.2
8.4
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.6
Average Medicare services processed per female(d)no.
10.1
10.1
10.6
11.5
11.8
12.2
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and overno.
15.3
15.4
16.4
17.9
18.8
19.6
20.5
20.9
21.4
21.9
22.5
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over%
19.9
20.6
21.0
21.4
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2
24.6
25.3

EXPENDITURE

Units
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000

Persons with private health insurance%
44.5
43.7
41.0
39.4
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
30.5
30.6
43.0
Total health expenditure per person per year (1997-98 reference year)$
1,700
1,820
1,902
1,990
2,071
2,170
2,296
r2,434
r2,557
r2,706
2,817
Total health expenditure as a proportion of GDP %
7.5
7.9
r8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
r8.4
r8.4
r8.6
8.5

(a) 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998 and 1999 data are calculated using the average of three years of data. It includes the year prior to and the year following the date shown.
(b) Rates are age-standardised.
(c) Adjusted to a common basis for the two disability surveys of 1993 and 1998. As a result, the national estimate for 1998 is not the same as that shown in the State summary table.

Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year except for (a). Immunisation status data are at April. Apparent consumption and expenditure data (except private health insurance data which are at the June quarter) and services data (except doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June.


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