Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2008
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2008
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Prior to 1990, the unemployment rate for men was lower than for women. However, when the unemployment rate increased sharply in 1990-91, the male unemployment rate increased to a level above the female unemployment rate. Since mid-2003, the male unemployment rate has generally been lower than the female unemployment rate.
In conjunction with the decline in the unemployment rate, the number of unemployed people has fallen from the levels recorded in the early-1990s. The trend for unemployed people seeking full-time work has generally reflected the economic cycle. In contrast, over the last two decades, the trend for people seeking part-time work has gradually increased, rising from 97,900 people (or 16% of unemployed people) in June 1987 to 142,500 people (or 30% of unemployed people) in June 2007 (graph 8.39).
Educational qualifications can have a significant bearing on labour market prospects. Table 8.41 shows the relationship between the level of highest non-school qualifications and the duration of unemployment. At July 2006, the proportion of unemployed people who were long-term unemployed was lower among those with a bachelor degree or above (14%) compared with those who hold a Certificate I/II (25%) or without a non-school qualification (21%).
Unemployed people encounter a variety of difficulties in finding work. Women were more likely than men to report insufficient work experience as their main difficulty (12% compared with 9%), as well as difficulties related to concerns outside the workplace, such as 'Unsuitable hours' (8% compared with 3%) and 'Difficulties with child care, other family responsibilities' (4% compared with 1%). Men were more likely than women to report their main difficulty as 'Too far to travel/transport problems' (12% compared with 6%), 'Own ill health or disability' (11% compared with 8%) and 'Considered too old by employers' (10% compared with 8%) (graph 8.42).
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