Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Energy >> Australia's international trade in energy products

In 1998-99, about 71% of total energy production in Australia was exported (8,815 PJ) (table 15.9). The largest contributors were black coal (55% of total energy exports) and uranium (32%). Crude oil and natural gas contributed 6% and 5%, respectively. Total energy exports (primary plus secondary) increased by 30% between 1990-91 and 1998-99. Among primary exports, those of black coal increased by 50% over this period, while uranium exports showed a slight overall decrease (by about 2%). Exports of uranium had dropped sharply in 1992-93 but showed strong growth in subsequent years. Natural gas exports showed a large increase (130%) over this period.

Imports of energy products are relatively small by comparison (1,287 PJ in 1998-99) and are dominated by crude oil. Imports of this product almost doubled between 1990-91 and 1998-99. Graph 15.10 shows the sharp contrast between exports of energy products from and imports of these products into Australia over more than 25 years.


15.9 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Exports and Imports by Volume (Peta Joules)

Exports
Imports


1990-91
1994-95
1998-99
1990-91
1994-95
1998-99
Fuel

PJ

PJ

PJ

PJ

PJ

PJ

Primary energy products -
- Black coal
3,217.0
3,882.8
4,821.8
-
-
-
- Crude oil and ORF
326.4
423.5
528.5
518.2
798.7
1,150.6
- LPG
40.0
31.5
65.9
0.9
6.7
12.6
- Natural gas
185.0
381.8
425.4
-
-
-
- Uranium
2,879.7
1,912.4
2,814.8
-
-
-
Total
6,648.1
6,632.0
8,656.4
519.1
805.4
1,163.2
Secondary energy products -
- Automotive gasoline
10.8
22.2
52.3
20.0
20.7
30.5
- Aviation gasoline
2.1
1.4
2.5
-
-
1.4
- Aviation turbine fuel
11.8
10.4
20.1
3.8
8.5
5.2
- Kerosene
2.5
5.3
1.1
1.3
-
0.2
- Gas oil or fuel oil
69.8
59.8
57.9
58.6
68.3
79.7
- Other petroleum products(a)
17.3
27.4
21.6
22.3
22.4
6.5
- Coke
22.6
8.0
1.9
-
-
-
Total
136.9
134.5
157.4
106.0
119.9
123.5
Total
6,785.0
6,766.5
8,813.8
625.1
925.3
1,286.7

(a) Also includes lubes and greases, bitumen.

Source: ABARE, electronic datasets.



The large volumes of exported energy products also contribute significantly to Australia's export earnings. Table 15.11 shows that the export of energy products contributed about 16% towards Australia's total export earnings in 1998-99, down from 20% in 1990-91. Black coal accounts for by far the largest share of the total value of energy exports (66%), followed by crude oil (13%) and liquid natural gas (10%). Uranium contributes only 2% of the total value of energy exports.

Imports of energy products (mainly crude oil) made up only 5% of the total value of imports in 1998-99.


15.11 ENERGY PRODUCTS, Exports and Imports by Value

Exports
Imports


1990-91
1994-95
1998-99
1990-91
1994-95
1998-99

Fuel

$m

$m

$m

$m

$m

$m

Black coal(a)
6,358
6,873
9,239
0
0
0
Crude oil and ORF(b)
1,795
1,726
1,881
2,407
3,002
3,794
LPG
175
154
297
6
36
64
Liquid natural gas (LNG)
830
1,201
1,425
0
0
0
Uranium
332
188
288
0
0
0
Automotive gasoline
(c)
(c)
(c)
156
112
134
Diesel fuel(d)
(c)
(c)
(c)
125
141
225
Other refinery products
787
719
866
441
381
312
Total energy products
10,277
10,861
13,996
3,135
3,672
4,529
Total trade in goods and services
52,399
67,052
85,992
48,912
74,619
97,611

(a) Coking plus steaming.
(b) Other refinery feedstock.
(c) Included in Other refinery products.
(d) Includes automotive diesel oil and industrial and marine diesel fuel for 1994-95 and 1998-99. Includes only automotive diesel oil for 1990-91.

Source: ABARE 1997, 1998, 2000.


Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.