1384.6 - Statistics - Tasmania, 2005
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/09/2002
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Post-war Tasmania witnessed an influx of European migrants and displaced persons.
In 1951, some 3,800 ‘displaced persons’ lived in Tasmania (although many of them had left by 1966). Many of Tasmania’s new European migrants came under contract to work for the Hydro-Electric Commission at remote hydro-construction villages such as Bronte Park and Butler’s Gorge.
With the swelling of its workforce the HEC’s development program continued unabated. Power stations were opened at Butler’s Gorge (1952), Bronte Park (1953), Tungatinah (1955), Wayatinah (1961), Liapootah (1961) and Catagunya (1962). The proposal to flood Lake Pedder in 1967, however, met with vehement opposition from environmentalists. Whilst the battle to save Lake Pedder was ultimately lost, the HEC’s subsequent proposal for a Gordon-below-Franklin dam was blocked in 1983 when the Federal Government intervened under a rising tide of pressure from environmental groups. The ‘Greens’ had emerged as a key political force in Tasmania.
The period also witnessed a strengthening of Aboriginal activism. The struggle to have Aboriginality recognised, claims for land rights and the return of Aboriginal skeletal and cultural material from museums and scientific collections were major issues of concern.
Unemployment reappeared as a major social issue during this period. In the early 1980s, unemployment reached the 10% level. Changing economic conditions forced many small factories to close and the industrial giants to cut back their work forces. The Government, traditionally a major employer in Tasmania, reduced staff. The service and tourism sectors experienced some growth.
Korean War begins.
Hartz Mountain National Park proclaimed.
Cape Barren Island Aboriginal Reserve terminated in line with the Government’s assimilation policy.
Italian and German migrants arrive to work under contract for HEC.
Burnie General Hospital opened.
Serious floods experienced throughout island.
Butler’s Gorge power station officially opened.
Launceston trams cease operating.
Housing Department established to manage the State’s public housing stock.
Tasman Ltd diesel train service between Hobart and northern towns begins.
Pine Tier Dam of the Tungatinah power scheme officially opened.
End of Korean War.
Queen Elizabeth II (accompanied by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh) becomes the first reigning monarch to visit the State.
Flooding occurs in eastern and southern Tasmania.
Tattersall's Lotteries transfer to Melbourne.
Spouses of property owners granted eligibility to vote in Legislative Council elections.
Lactos cheese factory established at Burnie.
First female members of the House of Assembly elected (Amelia Best and Mabel Miller).
Lake Pedder National Park proclaimed (it is later extended to form the South West National Park).
Tungatinah power station opened.
First ingot poured from Bell Bay Aluminium Refinery.
Tasmania’s first woman Mayor, Dorothy Edwards, appointed at Launceston.
Floods in north-east Tasmania.
Trevallyn Power Scheme officially opened.
Rivers and Water Supply Commission established by Water Act.
Devon Hospital, Latrobe merges with Meercroft Hospital to form the Mersey General Hospital.
First election to fill 35 seats in an enlarged House of Assembly held.
Public Service Tribunal established as an industrial authority.
Princess of Tasmania becomes the first roll-on passenger ferry in Bass Strait service.
Risdon Gaol, Hobart established.
Severe floods hit the Derwent Valley and Hobart.
Television begins transmission in Hobart.
Strahan-Zeehan railway line closed.
Hobart trams cease running.
State matriculation college policy announced.
The power stations at Lake Echo, Wayatinah and Liapootah officially opened.
Australian Paper Makers Ltd’s pulp mill commences at Port Huon.
TEMCO’s ferro-manganese plant opened at Bell Bay.
Catagunya power station begins operating.
Royal visit by Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Television first goes to air in Launceston.
Last train runs on the Mt Lyell Railway from Queenstown to Strahan.
Opening of Murchison Highway linking the north-west with the west.
Freshwater trout farm established at Bridport.
Shannon power station closed.
Glenorchy proclaimed a city.
Tasmania sends first troops to Vietnam War under the National Service Scheme.
Bass Strait oil drilling commences.
Burnie General and Spencer Hospitals merge to form the North West General Hospital.
Official opening of Tasmanian Conservatorium of Music.
Tasman Bridge, Hobart, officially opened.
Poatina power station opened.
Closing of Waddamana ‘A’ power station.
Dental Nursing School opens.
Decimal currency introduced.
Principle of equal pay for women in the Public Service recognised by Act of Parliament.
Tasmania joins rest of Australia in approving full constitutional rights for Aborigines.
Bushfires sweep the State, destroying over 1,000 homes and taking 62 lives.
Strzelecki National Park declared, Flinders Island.
HEC tables plans in Parliament for the damming of Lake Pedder in the south-west.
Rocky Cape National Park declared.
Daylight savings legislation introduced.
Savage River iron ore project officially opened.
Batman Bridge crossing the Tamar River is opened.
Full adult franchise granted for Legislative Council elections.
Floods in Launceston.
Copper smelter at Mt Lyell closes.
Tasmanian schools begin teaching metric system.
Marine research laboratories established at Taroona.
Visit by Royal family.
National Parks and Wildlife Act proclaimed.
Australian troops begin withdrawing from Vietnam.
APPM’s Wesley Vale paper mill begins production.
Lake Pedder Action Committee formed to campaign against Hydro-Electric Commission Gordon River dam construction.
First shipment of woodchips leaves Tasmanian Pulp and Forest Holdings Ltd Triabunna mill.
Bell Bay thermal power station commences.
The first State Aboriginal Conference held, Launceston.
Tasmanian College of Advanced Education, Hobart opened.
Woodchip plant at Long Reach on the Tamar begins operations.
Princess of Tasmania makes last Bass Strait crossing, before being replaced by the Empress of Australia.
Maria Island National Park proclaimed.
Tasmanian Aboriginal Information Centre (later Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre) established.
Electrolytic Zinc Company begins trial dumping of jarosite waste at sea.
General voting age for electors lowered to 18 years of age.
Hobart casino officially opened, being the first legally sanctioned casino in Australia.
Mersey-Forth power scheme officially opened.
Mt William National Park proclaimed.
Environment Protection Act comes into effect to control industrial pollution.
Bell Bay-Launceston rail link opened.
TAB begins operations.
Hobart suburban rail services cease.
Tasman Bridge, Hobart brought down by the Lake Illawarra causing 12 deaths.
Colour television first introduced in Tasmania.
Rokeby Police Academy completed.
Freight subsidy scheme introduced for sea-cargo to Tasmania.
Family Law Court established in Tasmania (under the Federal Family Law Act) for handling of divorce cases.
Truganini’s remains ritually cremated by Aboriginal community.
Asbestos Range National Park proclaimed.
Tasmanian Wilderness Society formed.
Federal Inquiry conducted by Sir Bede Callaghan into Tasmanian industry and employment commences.
During a Royal visit, Aboriginal activist Michael Mansell presents Queen Elizabeth II with a land rights claim.
Tasmanian Film Corporation established.
Tasman Bridge, Hobart re-opens for traffic.
State Fire Authority established.
Hydro-Electric Commission report proposes a further power development scheme involving the Gordon, Franklin and King Rivers.
Tasman Ltd ceases operations, marking the end of regular passenger train services in Tasmania.
Tasmanian College of Advanced Education moves to Launceston.
Tasmanian Parliamentary Hansard introduced.
Gordon Power scheme, stage 1 opened.
State’s first ombudsman appointed.
A Select Committee recommends the Gordon-below-Franklin dam as the next HEC development option.
Australian Maritime College at Beauty Point opened.
Gillian James becomes Tasmania’s first female minister.
Antarctic Division, Kingston completed.
Bushfires in Zeehan destroy 40 houses.
Devonport proclaimed a city.
Wild Rivers National Park proclaimed.
Walls of Jerusalem National Park proclaimed.
Royal visit by Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Referendum held on preferred HEC schemes:
47% voting in favour of Gordon-below-Franklin scheme
8% for Gordon-above-Olga
45% voting informally.
Macintosh power station (the first stage of the Pieman River scheme) begins operating.
Launceston Federal Country Club casino opened.
Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area proclaimed including the Southwest, Franklin-Lower Gordon Wild Rivers, and Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Parks.
Tasmanian Aboriginal Land Council established.
Tasmanian shearers join national strike over use of wide combs.
Royal visit by Prince Charles and Princess Diana.
Federal regulations passed blocking construction of the Franklin HEC dam.
The High Court rules in favour of Federal sovereignty, thus putting an end to the Gordon-below-Franklin power scheme.
Bowen Bridge across the Derwent officially opened.
A fire causes extensive damage to Hobart’s historic Theatre Royal.
Launceston International Velodrome completed.
The last of Tasmania’s drive-in theatres close at Elwick and Mowbray.
CSIRO Marine Laboratories opened, Hobart.
A four-day cremation ceremony held at Oyster Cove for Aboriginal remains retrieved from the State’s museums.
Saltwater Salmonid Culture Act provides Salmon Enterprises of Tas. Pty Ltd with a 10-year monopoly on Australian salmon smolt production.
Empress of Australia makes last Bass Strait crossing before being replaced by the Abel Tasman.
Confrontations between forestry workers and conservationists erupt at Farmhouse Creek in the south.
Pope John Paul II visits Hobart and holds mass for 32,000 people at Elwick racecourse.
Launch of the replica of the tall ship Lady Nelson.
Antarctic supply ship Nella Dan sinks off Macquarie Island.
Bicentennial celebrations include a visit by an international fleet of Tall ships.
A High Court decision is passed preventing logging in areas of Lemonthyme and Southern Forests nominated for World Heritage Listing.
Royal tour by Queen Elizabeth II.
Burnie proclaimed a city.
Clarence proclaimed a city.
Controversial Plans for a pulp mill at Wesley Vale scrapped as financial backers pull out in face of tougher environmental controls imposed by the Federal Government.
An experimental Labor-Green accord is struck between 5 Independents and the Labor Party to form Government following the State elections.
A vote of no-confidence in Robin Gray’s minority Liberal Government leads to Gray’s resignation and Labor leader, Michael Field, being sworn in as Premier.
Amalgamation of Tasmania’s three tertiary education institutions begins.
Douglas-Apsley National Park declared.