Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
2910.0 - Directory of Census Statistics, 1996  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 02/05/2000   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Content of Census from 1911 to 1996

    Content of Census from 1911 to 1996

    Asterisks are used to indicate the year in which particular topics were included in the census.
    The numbers in brackets refer to explanatory notes at the bottom of the table.
    TOPICS
1911
1921
1933
1947
1954
1961
1966
1971
1976
1981
1986
1991
1996
    Name
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Age
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Sex
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Marital Status
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Relationship
    (family structure)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(1)
*(2)
*(3)
*
*
    Duration of
    existing marriage
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(4)
    Duration of widowhood
*
    Married more than once
*
*
    Issue
- existing marriage
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
- previous marriage
*
*
- all marriages
*
*
- 'ever had'
*
*
*
    Number of
    dependent children
*
*
*
    Orphanhood
*
    Birthplace
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Birthplace of parents
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Year of arrival (period
    of residence in Australia
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Citizenship
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(5)
*(5)
*(6)
*
*
    Aboriginal/
    Torres Strait
    Islander origin (Race)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(7)
*(8)
*(8)
*
*
*
*
    Ethnic Origin
*(9)
    Number of
    usual Residents
*
    Usual residence at
    census time
*(10)
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Internal migration
    usual residence
- 1 year ago
*
*
*
*(11)
*
- 5 years ago
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Number of overseas
    residents or visitors
*
*
    Blindness, deaf-mutism
*
*
*
    Handicaps
*
    Language use
*(12)
*(13)
*(14)
*(15)
*(16)
*
*
    Religion
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Education
- highest level attained
*(17)
*
*
- current schooling
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(18)
*
*
*
*
- age left school
*
*
*
*
*
    Educational qualifications
*
*(19)
*
*
*
*
*
    Holidays
*
    Child care
*
    War service
*
    Income
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Life assurance
*
Labour force -(occupational status)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(20)
*
*
*
-unemployment duration
*
*
*
*
*
*
-unemployment cause
*
*
*
*
*
    Occupation
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(21)
*
*
    Industry (22)
*(23)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Hours worked
*
*(24)
*
*(25)
*(25)
*(25)
*(24)
    Journey to work
*(26)
*
*
*
*
*
    Mode of travel to work
*
*
*
*
*
    Motor bike licences
*
    Motor vehicle licences
*
    Type of benefits received
*
    Retirement benefits
    scheme
*
    Household address on census night
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    No. of bedrooms
*
*
*
*
*
    No. of rooms
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(27)
    Tenure (nature of occupancy)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(28)
*(29)
*(29)
*(29)
*(29)
*(28)
    Type of landlord
*(30)
*(30)
*(31)
*(32)
*
*
*
*
*(33)
    Rent
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Loan repayment
*(34)
*(35)
*(36)
*(35)
*(37)
    No. of vehicles
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Private dwelling
    classification (type of
    dwelling structure)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(38)
*
*
*
*
    Non-private dwelling
    (classification)
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Other dwelling
    (classification)
*(39)
    Material of walls
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*(40)
    Material of roof
*
*
    Date of building
*
*
*
*
*
*
    Facilities
- gas
*
*
*
*
*
*(41)
- electricity
*
*
*
*
*
*(41)
- water supply
*
*(41)
- toilet
*
- bathroom
*
*
*
*
*
- kitchen
*
*
*
*
- television
*
*
*
- cooking
*
    Sleeping out
*
*
    Farm dwelling
*
*
*
*
*
    Method of sewage
    disposal
*
*
    No. of extra homes
    owned or being
    purchased
*
    Reason dwelling
    unoccupied
*(42)
*
*
*
    Notes:
(1) Prior to and including 1976, the term relationship to head was used.
(2) The term head was considered inappropriate and relationship to Person 1 was asked.
(3) Since 1986 relationship to Person 1/Person 2 has been asked.
(4) Year of first marriage was used.
(5) Prior to 1976, nationality rather than citizenship was asked.
(6) Since 1986 the person has been asked whether or not they were an Australian citizen.
(7) In all censuses prior to 1971, respondents were required to state their race and, where race was mixed, to specify the proportion of each.
(8) In the 1971 and 1976 Censuses, a question with response categories of European, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Other was included.
(9) A question on each person's ancestry was asked for the first time in 1986.
(10) The 1961 Census asked for state of usual residence.
(11) State level only.
(12) Question asked whether the person could read and write.
(13) Question asked whether the person could read and write a foreign language if unable to read and write English.
(14) The 1976 Census asked for all languages regularly used.
(15) In 1981 ability to speak English was asked.
(16) Since 1986 two separate questions have been asked - language used and ability to speak English.
(17) Included a question where respondents reported their highest level of educational achievement.
(18) Since 1976, a question on attendance at school or other educational institution has been asked.
(19) Since 1971, people aged 15 or more have been asked whether they had obtained a qualification. If so, information on the name of highest qualification obtained, field of study, the name of institution and the year obtained was collected.
(20) In the Censuses from 1981 to 1996, respondents have been required to answer a series of questions from which labour force status was coded.
(21) An additional question - main tasks or duties performed in the occupation has been asked from 1986 to 1996.
(22) Place of work was first collected in 1954.
(23) Employer's occupation was asked in 1911 and 1921.
(24) 1971, 1976 and 1996 Censuses focused on hours worked in all jobs held in the week prior to the census.
(25) The 1981, 1986 and 1991 Censuses asked for hours worked in the main job in the week prior to the census.
(26) Journey to work topic has been derived from coding of address of usual residence and address of workplace to obtain origins and destinations of travel to work.
(27) Data was collected but not processed.
(28) From 1911 to 1971, and in 1996, a direct question on nature of occupancy was asked.
(29) From 1976 to 1991, nature of occupancy data was derived from mortgage and rent questions.
(30) If paying rent to a Government Authority in 1954 or a State Housing Authority in 1961, respondents were instructed to write 'Tenant (G)'.
(31) Tenants in 1966 had the option of marking the relevant State Housing Authority or 'other landlord'.
(32) In 1971, response categories comprised State Housing Authority, employer or other landlord.
(33) The number of landlord response categories rose from three (from 1971 until 1991) to seven in 1996.
(34) In 1976 the monthly payment made on first and second mortgages was asked.
(35) Average monthly payment for total mortgages was asked.
(36) Monthly payment made on the loans for the dwelling was asked.
(37) Those with mortgage repayments had the option of writing the weekly, fortnightly or monthly amount paid.
(38) This question has been completed by the Census Collector since 1976.
(39) In 1996 a new classification was developed for Other Dwellings. It included caravans in caravan parks, boats in marinas, manufactured home estates and self-care units in accommodation for the retired or aged, all of which were enumerated using household forms. However in 1986 and 1991, caravans in caravan parks and boats in marinas were included in the Non-Private Dwelling classification.
(40) The question was answered by the Census Collector in 1981.
(41) In 1976, type of fuel or power used for household purposes was asked.
(42) Completed by the Collector in the Censuses from 1971 to 1986.

Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.