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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2004 (Reissue)  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/09/2006  Reissue
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GOVERNMENT FUNDING

In 2002-03, government funding for cultural activities totalled $4,933.1m, with state and territory governments providing almost half (45% or $2,238.1m), the Australian Government contributing 34% ($1,670.5m), and local government making up the balance of 21% ($1,024.5m).


Funding for capital expenditure accounted for 12% of cultural funding by all levels of government, while recurrent expenditure accounted for the remaining 88%.


Apart from direct funding, the Australian Government also provides assistance through tax concessions such as the Cultural Gifts Program, which offers tax deductions to encourage the donation of items of cultural significance to public art galleries, museums and libraries.


According to the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts (DCITA) Annual Report for 2002-03, 746 donations were made to the program in that year with a total value of $44.0m.


This compares with $27.5m in 2001-02 and $18.2m in 2000-01, with the significant increases over this period due in part to various changes in taxation provisions that were introduced in May 2000, and which made cultural philanthropy a more attractive proposition.

4.1 CULTURAL FUNDING BY LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT - 2002-03

Value of funding
Percentage of total
$m
%

Australian Government
Heritage
Art museums and galleries
52.0
1.1
Other museums
204.6
4.1
Nature parks and reserves
83.7
1.7
Zoological parks, aquariums and botanic gardens
7.9
0.2
Libraries and archives
112.8
2.3
Total
461.1
9.3
Arts
Literature and print media
25.4
0.5
Performing arts
99.9
2.0
Performing arts venues
0.5
-
Visual arts and crafts
13.2
0.3
Broadcasting and film
979.6
19.9
Community cultural centres and activities
13.4
0.3
Administration of culture
37.8
0.8
Other arts n.e.c.
39.5
0.8
Total
1 209.4
24.5
Total
1 670.5
33.9
State and territory governments
Heritage
Art museums and galleries
144.2
2.9
Other museums
286.3
5.8
Nature parks and reserves
987.8
20.0
Zoological parks, aquaria and botanic gardens
114.6
2.3
Libraries and archives
358.4
7.3
Total
1 891.3
38.3
Arts
Literature and print media
4.3
0.1
Performing arts
72.6
1.5
Performing arts venues
91.3
1.9
Visual arts and crafts
13.3
0.3
Broadcasting and film
86.0
1.7
Community cultural centres and activities
15.4
0.3
Administration of culture
24.3
0.5
Other arts n.e.c.
39.7
0.8
Total
346.9
7.0
Total
2 238.1
45.4
Local government
1 024.5
20.8
Total funding by all levels of government
4 933.1
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
ABS, Cultural Funding by Government, 2002-03 (cat. no. 4183.0).


In 2002-03, the majority of Australian Government cultural funding supported Arts activities ($1,209.4m or 72% of total Australian Government funding). Broadcasting and film was the main beneficiary receiving over half of the total funding provided ($979.6m or 59%).


In contrast, state and territory governments directed the majority of their funding to Heritage activities ($1,891.3m or 85%) in 2002-03. Nature parks and reserves received $987.8m representing 44% of the total state and territory government funding for cultural activities.


While detailed figures for local government are not available for 2002-03, data for 2000-01 show that 53% of its cultural funding was provided to Libraries and archives and 15% to Public halls and civic centres.


All three tiers of government increased their funding of cultural activities over the period 1999-2000 to 2002-03, with local governments leading (up by 26%), closely followed by state and territory governments (24%), and the Australian Government (15%).

4.2 Cultural funding - 1999-2000 to 2002-03
Graph: 4.2 Cultural funding—1999–2000 to 2002–03




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