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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/02/2008   
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Contents >> Manufacturing >> Manufactured commodities

MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

Table 20.17 shows the quantities produced of selected manufactured commodities for the period 2002-03 to 2005-06.

The largest increases between 2002-03 and 2005-06 were experienced in the production of unfortified wine and Portland cement. Production of these commodities increased by 37% and 15% respectively. Production of premixed concrete continued to increase over this period (14%) whereas the manufacture of beer experienced a slight decrease (1%).

In the same period, the largest declines in production were recorded by wool and man-made fibre tops (88%), wool yarn (56%) and scoured and carbonised wool (40%).

Most petroleum products decreased during 2002-03 to 2005-06, fuel oil production leading this trend with a decrease of 27%. Production of automotive diesel oil fell by 24% due mainly to a 21% decrease in 2005-06. Among the metal products, the largest increase in production was for pig iron (11%). Raw steel production was down 16% over the period, despite a 5% increase in 2005-06.

20.17 MANUFACTURING PRODUCTION, Selected commodities

2002-03
2003-04
2004-05
2005-06
Percentage change from 2002-03 to 2005-06

Selected vehicles
Cars and station wagons for fewer than ten persons no.
358 286
413 655
398 819
352 002
-1.8
Selected food products and beverages
Brandy spirit '000 L
np
466
884
317
np
Unfortified wine '000 L
1 019 393
1 381 064
1 400 074
1 397 754
37.1
Red meat '000 t
3 090
3 000
3 142
3 092
0.1
Chicken meat '000 t
690
694
750
773
12.0
Milk ML
10 326
10 075
10 125
10 092
-2.3
Cheese '000 t
379
384
388
373
-1.6
Butter '000 t
164
149
147
146
-11.0
Beer ML
1 727
1 736
1 685
1 714
-0.8
Sugar(a) '000 t
5 461
4 994
5 196
5 108
-6.5
Selected textiles
Scoured and carbonised wool t
88 663
79 213
70 901
53 253
-39.9
Wool and man-made fibre tops t
38 903
21 263
17 313
4 572
-88.2
Wool yarn t
3 064
2 771
2 390
1 362
-55.5
Cotton yarn t
17 902
11 235
5 432
np
np
Selected petroleum and metal products
Automotive gasoline ML
17 984
17 375
17 913
16 528
-8.1
Fuel oil ML
1 441
1 105
1 092
1 048
-27.3
Automotive diesel oil ML
13 335
12 544
12 822
10 154
-23.9
Aviation turbine fuel ML
5 149
4 964
5 325
5 216
1.3
Alumina '000 t
16 413
16 690
17 161
17 826
8.6
Pig iron '000 t
6 111
5 926
6 080
6 765
10.7
Raw steel '000 t
9 399
9 480
7 556
7 941
-15.5
Selected paper and wood products
Paper and paperboard(b) '000 t
3 061
3 164
3 244
3 221
5.2
Wood based panels(c) ’000 m3
2 030
1 989
1 894
1 944
-4.2
Selected building materials
Portland cement '000 t
7 731
8 460
8 925
8 910
15.3
Clay bricks m
1 733
1 789
1 705
1 606
-7.3
Premixed concrete ’000 m3
21 003
22 468
22 915
23 914
13.9

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Raw tonnes actual.
(b) Includes newsprint, printing and writing, household and sanitary and packaging and industrial.
(c) Includes plywood, particleboard and medium density fibreboard.
Source: Australian Wine and Grape Industry (1329.0); Livestock Products, Australia (7215.0); Manufacturing Production, Australia (8301.0.55.001); ABS data available on request, Manufacturing Production Survey; Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE), 'Australian Commodity Statistics, 2006' and 'Australian Forest and Wood Product Statistics, September and December quarters, 2006'.



International trade in manufactured commodities

Principal commodities exported

Table 20.18 provides details of the 20 main manufacturing commodities exported from Australia, in the period 2002-03 to 2006-07. These commodities contributed 44% in total of the value of all merchandise exports in 2006-07. Manufactured commodities made up 51% of the value of all merchandise exports.

Non-ferrous metals and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials and gold, (non-monetary excluding gold ores and concentrates) were the only three of these selected commodities to each contribute 6% or more to the total value of merchandise exports in 2006-07 contributing 8.2%, 6.3% and 6.3% respectively.

Between 2002-03 and 2006-07, the value of exports for transport equipment (excluding road vehicles) fell by 54% ($1.1b), while the value of exports for fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof fell by 22% ($0.3b). The value of exports of gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) increased by 89% ($5.0b). The value of exports of medicinal and pharmaceutical products increased by 87% ($1.8b) in 2006-07 representing slightly over 2% of the total value of Australian exports .

In 2006-07, the value of exports increased for 11 of the 20 selected commodities. The largest increase in value terms was for non-ferrous metals ($3.4b or 33%), followed by gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates) ($3.3b or 46%), and petroleum, petroleum products and related materials ($1.5b or 17%).

20.18 EXPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES

2002-03
2005-06
2006-07
Change
from
2002-03
to
2006-07
Change
from
2005-06
to
2006-07
Share of total exports 2006-07
Commodity group(a)
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Non-ferrous metals
7 881.4
10 364.2
13 734.9
74.3
32.5
8.2
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
8 350.9
9 122.9
10 653.4
27.6
16.8
6.3
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
5 583.8
7 245.7
10 558.4
89.1
45.7
6.3
Meat and meat preparations
5 657.2
6 709.2
7 087.2
25.3
5.6
4.2
Cereals and cereal preparations
4 486.9
4 853.1
4 174.9
-7.0
-14.0
2.5
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
2 005.8
3 350.9
3 759.3
87.4
12.2
2.2
Road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles)
4 184.5
4 256.0
3 733.3
-10.8
-12.3
2.2
Textile fibres and their wastes (not manufactured into yarn or fabric)
4 489.0
3 428.2
3 575.2
-20.4
4.3
2.1
Beverages
2 605.5
2 894.2
3 032.9
16.4
4.8
1.8
Dairy products and birds' eggs
2 372.8
2 476.8
2 322.0
-2.1
-6.2
1.4
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (including non-electrical counterparts of electrical domestic equipment)
1 671.5
1 563.2
1 768.5
5.8
13.1
1.1
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
1 241.3
1 597.9
1 733.0
39.6
8.5
1.0
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
1 308.2
1 606.5
1 602.1
22.5
-0.3
1.0
Machinery specialised for particular industries
1 269.5
1 443.4
1 591.9
25.4
10.3
0.9
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
1 482.9
1 147.5
1 210.8
-18.3
5.5
0.7
Fish (not marine mammals), crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic invertebrates, and preparations thereof
1 486.4
1 238.1
1 164.0
-21.7
-6.0
0.7
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
2 013.3
1 060.9
924.7
-54.1
-12.8
0.5
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
885.3
875.4
854.4
-3.5
-2.4
0.5
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
810.2
844.5
823.8
1.7
-2.5
0.5
Cork and wood
203.3
222.5
179.4
-11.7
-19.4
0.1

(a) Based on the UN Standard Industrial Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev 3).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


Principal commodities imported

Table 20.19 provides details of the 20 main manufactured commodities imported into Australia during the period 2002-03 to 2006-07. These commodities contributed 78% in total of the value of all merchandise imports in 2006-07. Manufactured commodities comprised 91% of the value of all merchandise imports.

In comparing the main commodities Australia exported with the main commodities imported in terms of value, it is apparent many of Australia's manufactured exports are simply transformed manufactured commodities such as food products and metals, while the majority of manufactured imports are elaborately transformed commodities such as machinery and equipment.

The major commodity imported into Australia between 2002-03 and 2006-07 was road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles), which represented 13% of the total value of imports in 2005-06. Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials made up 12% of imports.

This has been a period of growth for imports of most of the main manufactured commodities. The value of imports of petroleum and petroleum products doubled (up $10.6b) and iron and steel increased by 95% ($1.9b).

In 2006-07, the largest increase in the value of imports in percentage terms was for rubber manufactures n.e.s. (21%, $423m), though in value terms, the largest increase was for road vehicles (including air cushion vehicles) ($2.6b).

20.19 IMPORTS OF SELECTED MANUFACTURED COMMODITIES(a)

2002-03
2005-06
2006-07
Change
from
2002-03
to
2006-07
Change
from
2005-06
to
2006-07
Share of
total
imports
2006-07
Commodity group(b)
$m
$m
$m
%
%
%

Road vehicles (including air-cushion vehicles)
16 826.2
20 435.9
23 072.9
37.1
12.9
12.8
Petroleum, petroleum products and related materials
10 502.1
21 169.4
21 052.1
100.5
-0.6
11.6
General industrial machinery and equipment, n.e.s. and machine parts, n.e.s.
7 062.0
8 627.3
10 114.8
43.2
17.2
5.6
Telecommunications and sound recording and reproducing apparatus and equipment
7 003.0
9 680.4
9 807.4
40.0
1.3
5.4
Office machines and automatic data processing machines
7 731.6
8 888.8
9 615.8
24.4
8.2
5.3
Electrical machinery, apparatus, appliances, parts (including non-electrical counterparts of electrical domestic equipment)
6 958.0
8 065.6
8 831.5
26.9
9.5
4.9
Medicinal and pharmaceutical products
5 285.4
7 208.6
7 808.5
47.7
8.3
4.3
Machinery specialised for particular industries
4 542.6
6 551.1
6 785.6
49.4
3.6
3.8
Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold ores and concentrates)
2 958.8
4 804.4
5 310.9
79.5
10.5
2.9
Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.
3 133.1
4 030.7
4 576.6
46.1
13.5
2.5
Articles of apparel and clothing accessories
3 419.4
4 236.6
4 425.5
29.4
4.5
2.4
Professional, scientific and controlling instruments and apparatus, n.e.s.
3 058.8
3 868.4
4 159.1
36.0
7.5
2.3
Transport equipment (excluding road vehicles)
6 453.9
5 967.5
4 076.0
-36.8
-31.7
2.3
Iron and steel
1 960.9
3 238.9
3 816.6
94.6
17.8
2.1
Power generating machinery and equipment
3 210.0
3 410.5
3 717.1
15.8
9.0
2.1
Organic chemicals
2 444.7
3 059.8
3 341.8
36.7
9.2
1.8
Paper, paperboard, and articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard
2 497.2
2 582.6
2 709.9
8.5
4.9
1.5
Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.
1 752.6
2 041.8
2 464.5
40.6
20.7
1.4
Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles, n.e.s., and related products
2 722.7
2 352.3
2 452.4
-9.9
4.3
1.4
Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.
2 116.1
2 198.1
2 332.9
10.2
6.1
1.3

(a) Customs value.
(b) Based on the UN Standard Industrial Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC Rev 3).
Source: ABS data available on request, International Trade.


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