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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2001  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/06/2001   
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Contents >> Health >> National summary tables

National summary tables

HEALTH STATUS

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth years
73.3
73.9
74.4
74.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.2
75.6
75.9
76.2
Female life expectancy at birthyears
79.6
80.1
80.4
80.4
80.9
80.9
80.8
81.1
81.3
81.5
81.8
Male life expectancy at 65 years years
14.7
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.8
16.1
16.3
16.6
Female life expectancy at 65 yearsyears
18.7
19.0
19.1
19.2
19.5
19.4
19.5
19.6
19.8
20.0
20.2
Male disability-free life expectancy at birthyears
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
57.5
n.a.
Female disability-free life expectancy at birthyears
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
64.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
63.3
n.a.
Mortality
Total number of deaths '000
124.2
120.1
119.1
123.7
121.6
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
128.1
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)rate
7.4
7.0
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.0
7.0
6.8
6.8
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)rate
7.6
7.2
6.9
6.9
6.6
6.7
6.4
6.4
6.3
6.0
5.9
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) rate
8.0
8.2
7.1
7.0
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.7
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)rate
11.0
11.3
10.6
10.7
9.2
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
8.5
Disability
Disability with specific restrictions (per 100 population)(a)(b)%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
16.1
n.a.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Death rates per 100,000 population -
Leading causes(a)
Cancerrate
183
181
181
181
180
181
177
177
171
168
166
Ischaemic heart diseaserate
200
186
176
177
162
161
151
145
138
128
122
Strokerate
78
72
69
67
65
67
63
61
56
53
53
Selected cancers(a)
Male lung cancerrate
64
60
60
59
57
59
56
55
52
53
50
Female lung cancerrate
18
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
19
19
19
Female breast cancerrate
27
27
27
25
27
27
26
25
24
23
22
Prostate cancerrate
32
32
31
34
35
35
33
33
29
29
28
Skin cancerrate
6
7
6
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
6
Heart disease and diabetes(a)
Male ischaemic heart diseaserate
271
250
237
235
219
216
204
196
183
171
164
Female ischaemic heart diseaserate
145
136
127
130
117
118
109
105
101
93
89
Diabetes mellitusrate
13
13
13
14
14
15
14
15
14
13
14
Accidents and suicide
Motor vehicle traffic accident(a) rate
17
15
13
12
11
11
11
11
10
9
9
Male 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accidentrate
49
42
38
31
33
30
32
32
29
27
26
Female 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accidentrate
18
14
12
12
10
10
11
8
10
9
8
Suicide(a)rate
13
13
14
13
12
13
13
13
15
14
13
Male 15-24 years suicide rate
24
27
27
27
25
27
25
25
31
27
23
Female 15-24 years suicide rate
3
4
6
6
4
4
6
4
7
6
5
AIDS(a)
AIDS-relatedrate
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
3
2
1
1

RISK FACTORS

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Immunisation status
Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years (of children 3 months to 6 years)%
n.a.
45.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
47.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Drinking and smoking
Alcohol: apparent consumption per person per daymls
30.2
29.9
28.6
27.2
26.4
27.1
26.5
26.0
26.2
r26.2
25.8
Tobacco: apparent consumption per person per daygrams
5.5
5.6
5.2
5.3
4.7
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.9
3.8
3.7
Diet and exercise
Total fats: apparent consumption per person per daygrams
55.4
54.5
53.5
53.3
52.2
53.0
51.8
r52.7
r49.8
r51.2
50.8
Persons who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of persons 18 years and over)(a)%
n.a.
35.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
34.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

SERVICES

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)rate
n.a.
225
n.a.
237
247
260
r263
r276
r283
r291
295
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)no.
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.4
4.2
r4.5
r4.6
r4.3
4.2
4.2
Average length of stay in hospitaldays
5.9
5.6
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
r4.3
4.3
4.2
4.1
3.9
Doctors (per 100,000 population)no.
n.a.
n.a.
225
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)no.
97.2
95.1
94.0
93.7
93.1
r92.6
r92.2
r90.6
89.4
87.5
85.7
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(a)no.
8.5
8.5
8.5
8.9
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.5
10.5
10.6
10.6
Average Medicare services processed per male(a)no.
6.8
6.9
6.9
7.2
7.8
8.2
8.4
8.7
8.7
8.7
8.7
Average Medicare services processed per female(a)no.
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.6
11.5
11.8
12.2
12.4
12.4
12.4
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and overno.
15.2
15.3
15.4
16.4
17.9
18.8
19.6
20.5
20.9
21.4
21.9
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over%
19.6
19.9
20.6
21.0
21.4
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2
24.6

EXPENDITURE

Units
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999

Persons with private health insurance%
45.5
44.5
43.7
41.0
39.4
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
30.5
30.6
Total health expenditure per person per year (1997-98 reference year)$
n.a.
r1,700
r1,820
r1,902
r1,990
r2,071
r2,170
r2,296
r2,414
2,523
2,671
Total health expenditure as a proportion of GDP %
7.4
7.5
7.9
8.1
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.2
8.3
8.3
8.5

(a) Rates are age-standardised.
(b) Adjusted to a common basis for the three disability surveys of 1988, 1993 and 1998. As a result, the national estimate for 1998 is not the same as that shown in the State summary table.

Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year. Immunisation status data are at April. Apparent consumption and expenditure data (except private health insurance data which are at the June quarter) and services data (except doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June).



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