Australian Bureau of Statistics
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2009–10
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/06/2010
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The most commonly reported long-term conditions were problems with eyesight affecting 60% of adults, including long and short sightedness (32% and 28% respectively), arthritis (20%), back problems (18%), hayfever and allergic rhinitis (17%), deafness (13%) hypertensive disease (12%), and asthma (10%).
The most commonly reported long-term conditions among children and young adults were respiratory conditions (17% of children under 15 years and 28% of persons aged 15-24 years), with asthma being the most prevalent for children under 15 years of age (10%)(graph 11.3) and hayfever and allergic rhinitis for those aged 15-24 (17%).
While respiratory conditions were also common among people aged 65 years and over (29%), other conditions were more prevalent in this age group. Sight conditions, arthritis, hypertension and hearing loss were the most common long-term conditions among those aged 65 years and over.
There were 137,854 deaths registered in 2007, consisting of 70,569 males and 67,285 females. The age-standardised death rate of 595 deaths per 100,000 population in 2007 was 4.6% lower than the corresponding rate of 624 in 1997. This is consistent with continuing improvements in life expectancy in Australia (see the Population chapter).
Malignant neoplasms (cancer) and diseases of the cardiovascular system, together account for almost two-thirds of all deaths. Over the ten years to 2007, death rates from cancer and diseases of the cardiovascular system have both declined, though the decline has been more substantial in death rates from diseases of the cardiovascular system (graph 11.4).
Causes of death
Ischaemic heart diseases (heart attack and related disorders) are the leading causes of death, followed by cerebrovascular disease for both males and females (table 11.5). Gender differences are apparent among other leading causes.
Lung cancer is ranked third for males followed by chronic lower respiratory diseases; while for females, dementia and Alzheimer's disease is third and trachea and lung cancer fourth.
Australia's death rates from all causes are among the lowest in the world, consistent with Australia's relatively high life expectancy. Life expectancy at birth for males and females in selected countries are shown in table 11.6.
In 2007, 1,179 infant deaths were registered in Australia. The infant mortality rate (IMR) is defined as the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate of 4.1 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2007-08 was lower than the 2005-06 rate (4.9), and less than half that recorded in 1987 (8.7 deaths per 1,000 live births).
Australia's infant mortality has declined significantly in the last 100 years. In 1907, around one in 12 infants did not survive to their first birthday (IMR of 81.1 in 1907); in 2007, approximately one in 250 infants born did not survive their first year of life (IMR of 4.1) (graph 11.7).
The decline in infant mortality in the early 20th century has been linked to improvements in public sanitation, increased standard of living and health education and improvements in medical technology such as neonatal intensive care units.
This page last updated 14 September 2015
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