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1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/01/2002   
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Contents >> Transport >> Domestic passenger activity

People travel within Australia for many reasons, including family, business, recreation and travel to and from work. This section provides details of rail and air passenger activity within Australia.


Rail passenger activity

The number of passengers carried by private and government rail operators is shown in table 23.14. Since a fall in 1992-93 there have been increases in the number of rail passengers each year. Between 1992-93 and 2000-01 the number of urban passengers increased by 24.3% and non-urban passengers increased by 48.6%. Heavy rail has consistently accounted for more than three-quarters of urban rail passenger operations.


23.14 RAIL PASSENGER OPERATIONS(a) - 1991-92 to 2000-01

million persons

Urban

Heavy rail
Tram and light rail
Total
Non-urban
Total

1991-92
409.2
113.7
522.9
7.7
530.6
1992-93
395.5
102.5
498.0
7.0
505.0
1993-94
401.6
105.6
507.2
8.4
515.6
1994-95
419.7
110.5
530.2
8.5
538.7
1995-96
440.9
115.5
556.4
9.1
565.5
1996-97
455.9
118.3
574.2
9.8
584.0
1997-98
457.3
120.5
577.8
9.9
587.7
1998-99
462.8
122.5
585.3
9.9
595.2
1999-2000
482.2
136.5
618.7
10.5
629.2
2000-01
482.4
136.5
618.9
10.4
629.3

(a) Excludes historical and tourist services. There are no rail passenger services in Tasmania, the Northern Territory or the Australian Capital Territory.

Source: Australasian Railway Association Inc.


Air passenger activity

As at 30 September 2001 there were two major domestic carriers operating in Australia, Qantas and Virgin Blue. A third major domestic carrier, Ansett Australia, ceased operations in September 2001. As at 30 June 2001, prior to Ansett Australia ceasing operations, 31 regional operators provided regular public transport air services to about 200 airports in Australia.

The Aircraft fleet section provides details of domestic fleets.

Total passenger departures increased by 13.5% over the five years to 2000, the largest increase (7.3%) occuring between 1999 and 2000 (table 23.15). The major domestic and regional airlines both increased their number of passengers over these five years. In 2000, the major domestic airlines accounted for 81.2% of total Australian domestic passenger departures. Over the five years to 2000, the regional airlines increased their share of passenger departures from 14.9% in 1996 to 18.8% in 2000.

The major domestic airlines have continued to reduce the ratio of vacant seat kilometres to distance travelled. In 2000 the ratio was 22.6%, down 3.9 percentage points from the 1996 ratio of 26.5%.

23.15 DOMESTIC AIRLINE ACTIVITY - 1996 to 2000

Units
1996
1997
1998
1999(a)
2000(a)

Passenger departures(b) -
- Domestic airlines
'000
23,678.3
23,375.3
23,574.8
24,392.4
25,660.4
- Regional airlines
'000
4,161.0
4,712.7
4,851.4
5,038.7
5,928.9
- Total
'000
27,839.3
28,088.0
28,426.2
29,431.1
31,589.3
Other activity (domestic airlines only) -
- Passenger kilometres performed(c)
million
26,191.4
26,357.1
26,774.1
27,852.7
29,600.8
- Seat kilometres available(d)
million
35,639.5
35,402.9
35,466.7
36,119.2
38,231.5
- Percentage of vacant seat kilometres
%
26.5
25.6
24.5
22.9
22.6

(a) Regional airline data include estimates.
(b) The unit of measurement is traffic on board (which includes transit traffic). Includes revenue passengers only.
(c) The sum for all flights of the number of passengers on each flight multiplied by the distance travelled.
(d) The sum for all flights of the number of seats on a flight multiplied by distance travelled.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


Table 23.16 shows the number of passengers boarding or departing by major domestic and regional airlines at the main airports. In 2000, the year of the Sydney Olympics, all airports recorded increased passenger movements over 1999, with more marked growth in the three capital cities on the east coast of Australia. The increase in activity with Impulse and Virgin Blue entering the market had a particular impact on Brisbane airport, with a 12.5% increase in 2000 to 8.8 million movements. In 2000 there was a 9.3% increase in the number of passengers arriving at Sydney airport (16.3 million in total) and a 8.7% increase at Melbourne airport (12.9 million in total).


23.16 PASSENGER MOVEMENTS(a) WITH MAJOR DOMESTIC AND REGIONAL AIRLINES AT PRINCIPAL AIRPORTS - 1996 to 2000

Airport
1996

no.
1997

no.
1998

no.
1999

no.
2000(b)

no.

Sydney
13,901,702
14,070,134
(b)14,275,077
(b)14,874,624
16,264,933
Melbourne
11,097,264
11,227,713
11,429,141
(b)11,902,182
12,939,135
Brisbane
7,375,444
7,470,083
(b)7,438,341
(b)7,833,436
8,810,670
Adelaide
3,559,829
3,636,073
(b)3,789,458
(b)3,868,966
3,981,933
Perth
3,066,332
3,152,995
3,235,524
3,257,087
3,462,617
Canberra
1,735,758
1,788,064
1,805,223
1,901,266
2,041,016
Hobart
852,506
831,969
(b)855,934
(b)877,992
927,957
Darwin
821,584
822,583
853,721
(b)878,963
906,584
Cairns
1,926,655
1,918,238
1,915,717
(b)2,022,908
2,132,713
Coolangatta
2,043,393
1,918,063
1,888,644
(b)1,938,328
1,917,756
Townsville
670,254
685,989
(b)703,984
(b)739,522
771,790
Launceston
592,443
558,995
535,944
(b)545,100
531,542

(a) The number of passengers on board arriving at or departing from each airport. Includes passengers in transit, who are counted as both arrivals and departures at airports through which they transit.
(b) Includes estimates for unreported data.

Source: Department of Transport and Regional Services.


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