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8697.0 - Performing Arts, Australia, 1999-2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 26/09/2001   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


INTRODUCTION

This publication presents results, in respect of the 1999-2000 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) survey of employing businesses and organisations involved in the performing arts industries.

Performing arts industries comprise both public and private sector businesses and organisations classified to the following classes of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC):

  • 9241, Music and Theatre Production, which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in providing live theatrical or musical presentations (including concerts, opera, ballet and drama);
  • 9252, Performing Arts Venues, which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in operating performing arts venues such as concert halls, playhouses, music halls (except theatre restaurants) and entertainment centres; and
  • 9259, Service to the Arts n.e.c., which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in providing services such as casting agency operation, costume design, set designing, theatre ticket agency operation, theatre lighting and festival operation.

The survey did not include businesses classified to ANZSIC 9242 (Creative Arts). This industry mainly consists of individuals engaged in musical compositions, literary arts and visual arts such as painting, drawing sculpture and pottery.

Size of the industries

At the end of June 2000, there were 1,437 employing organisations in the performing arts industries. There were 705 organisations in the music and theatre production industry and 125 organisations in the performing arts venue industry. The remaining 606 organisations were in the other services to the arts industry, with 152 organisations operating performing arts festivals with a duration of more than 2 days, and 454 other organisations providing other services to the arts.

In total, these industries employed 16,429 persons at the end of June 2000. A further 20,752 persons worked as volunteers, comprising 3,034 volunteers who worked during June 2000 for organisations in the music and theatre production industry, and 17,718 volunteers who worked for festivals during their operation.

During 1999-2000, the total income for the performing arts industries was $1,634 million of which government funding accounted for $470 million and box office takings accounted for $461 million.

The industry value added of the performing arts industries in 1999-2000 was $384 million.

TABLE 1.1 SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS

Units
Music and theatre production industry
Performing arts venues industry
Festivals
Other
services
to the arts industry
Total

Businesses/organisations at end June
no.
705
125
152
454
1,437
Performing arts spaces
no.
68
260
-
-
328
Maximum seating capacity
'000
-
216.1
-
-
216.1
Productions with paid performances
Paid performances
no.
47,083
21,136
19,896
-
na
Paid attendances
'000
13,268.6
na
1,890.7
-
15,159.3
Employment at end June
Working proprietors and partners
no.
144
-
-
77
221
Permanent full-time
no.
2,904
1,451
189
1,726
6,270
Permanent part-time and casual employees
no.
4,012
3,698
184
2,043
9,938
Total
no.
7,060
5,149
374
3,846
16,429
Volunteers
no.
(a)3,034
-
(b)17,718
-
20,752
Income
Income from box office
$m
233.1
40.8
42.2
144.3
460.5
Government funding
$m
116.7
93.5
27.1
232.7
470.0
Other income
$m
155.5
181.6
33.3
332.8
703.3
Total
$m
505.4
315.9
102.7
709.8
1,633.8
Expenses
Wages and salaries
$m
171.6
97.1
12.5
82.8
364.0
Contract payments to performers/artists
$m
46.8
16.1
24.9
78.6
166.4
Venue hire
$m
33.2
-
4.1
11.0
48.3
Other expenses
$m
225.9
195.5
57.5
526.0
1,004.9
Total
$m
477.6
308.7
99.1
698.4
1,583.7
Operating profit/surplus before tax
$m
27.8
7.2
. .
11.7
50.4
Operating profit margin
%
8.0
3.7
. .
2.5
4.8
Industry value added
$m
206.9
86.0
14.1
50.5
383.8

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
na not available
. . not applicable
(a) Volunteers during the month of June 2000.
(b) Volunteers during the operation of the festivals.
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001


EXPLANATORY NOTES


INTRODUCTION

1 This publication presents results in respect of 1999-2000 from a survey of employing businesses mainly engaged in the performing arts industries.


SCOPE

2 The performing arts industries comprise businesses and organisations (both public and private sector) classified to the following classes of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC):
  • 9241, Music and Theatre Productions, which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in providing live theatrical or musical presentations (including concerts, opera, ballet or drama);
  • 9252, Performing Arts Venues, which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in operating performing arts venues such as concert halls, playhouses, music halls (except theatre restaurants), entertainment centres (except centres where the presentation of sporting events is the main activity); and
  • 9259, Services to the Arts n.e.c., which consists of businesses and organisations mainly engaged in providing services such as casting agency operation, costume design, set designing, theatre ticket agency operation, theatre lighting and festivals.

3 In addition, the performing arts venues activities of local government authorities were included in the survey, even though local government authorities are defined to another class in ANZSIC.

4 As a result of interest in festivals, data on the Services to the Arts n.e.c. industry is split into performing arts festivals which operated for more than 2 days, and the remainder of the industry.

5 The survey did not include businesses and organisations classified to ANZSIC 9242 (Creative Arts). This industry mainly consists of individuals engaged in musical composition, literary arts and visual arts such as painting, drawing, sculpture and pottery.


IMPROVEMENTS TO COVERAGE

6 Data in this publication have been adjusted to allow for lags in processing new businesses to the ABS business register, and the omission of some businesses from the business register. The majority of businesses affected and to which the adjustments apply, are small in size.

7 Adjustments have been made to include new businesses in the estimates in the periods in which they commenced operations, rather than when they were processed to the business register.

8 Further adjustments have been made for businesses which had been in existence for several years, but, for various reasons, were not previously added to the ABS register.

9 For more information on these adjustments, please refer to the ABS publication Information Paper: Improvements to ABS Economic Statistics, 1997 (Cat. no. 1357.0).


STATISTICAL UNIT

10 The unit for which statistics were reported in the survey was the management unit. The management unit is the highest-level accounting unit within a business, having regard for industry homogeneity, for which accounts are maintained. In nearly all cases it coincides with the legal entity owning the business (i.e. company, partnership, trust, sole operator, etc.). In the case of large diversified businesses, however, there may be more than one management unit, each coinciding with a 'division' or 'line of business'. A division or line of business is recognised where separate and comprehensive accounts are compiled for it.


STATE DATA

11 Data were collected from the Australia-wide operations of each business. Businesses which operated in more than one State or Territory were asked to provide a dissection of the number of locations, total income, employment, and wages and salaries to enable State and Territory statistics to be compiled and comparisons undertaken.


REFERENCE PERIOD

12 Data contained in the tables of this publication relate to all businesses/organisations which operated in Australia at any time during the year ended 30 June 2000. Counts of businesses include only those businesses that were operating at 30 June 2000.


BUSINESSES CEASED DURING THE YEAR

13 A small number of businesses ceased business during the 1999-2000 reference period. It is normal ABS procedure to include the contributions of these businesses in the survey output.


RELIABILITY OF DATA

14 The estimates in this publication are subject to sampling and non-sampling error.

15 The estimates in this publication are based on information obtained from a sample of 1,437 businesses in the surveyed population. Consequently, the estimates in this publication are subject to sampling variability, that is, they may differ from the figures that would have been obtained if all units had been included in the survey. One measure of the likely difference is given by the standard error (SE), which indicates the extent to which an estimate might have varied by chance because only a sample of units was included.

16 There are about 2 chances in 3 that a sample estimate will differ by less than one SE from the figure that would have been obtained if a census had been conducted, and approximately 19 chances in 20 that the difference will be less than two SEs.

17 Sampling variability can be measured by the relative standard error (RSE) which is obtained by expressing the SE as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers. The RSE is a useful measure in that it provides an immediate indication of the percentage errors likely to have occurred due to sampling, and this avoids the need to refer also to the size of the estimate.

18 The following table contains estimates of RSEs for a selection of the statistics presented in this publication.


RELATIVE STANDARD ERRORS, TABLE 1.1 SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS

Music and theatre production
Performing arts venues
Festivals
Other services to the arts
Total
%
%
%
%
%

Businesses/organisations at end June
1
1
1
2
1
Performing arts spaces
2
1
-
-
1
Maximum seating capacity
-
2
-
-
2
Productions with paid performances
Paid performances
1
1
6
-
2
Paid attendances
2
-
6
-
2
Employment at end June
Working proprietors and partners
2
-
-
3
2
Permanent full-time
1
2
6
1
1
Permanent part-time and casual
1
2
6
1
1
Total
1
2
5
1
1
Volunteers during June
3
-
-
-
3
Income
Income from box office
2
3
11
2
2
Government funding
-
3
7
-
1
Other income
2
2
6
1
1
Total
1
2
7
1
1
Expenses
Wages and salaries
1
3
6
1
1
Contract payments to performers/artists
1
1
9
2
2
Venue hire
2
-
6
3
1
Other expenses
2
2
7
1
1
Total
1
2
7
1
1
Operating profit/surplus before tax
6
19
-
9
5
Operating profit margin
5
17
-
9
1
Industry value added
1
6
6
3
1

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001


19 As an example of the above, an estimate of total income for the music and theatre production industry is $505.4 million and the RSE is 1%, giving a SE of $5.1 million. Therefore, there would be 2 chances in 3 that, if all units had been included in the survey, a figure in the range of $500.3 million to $510.5 million would have been obtained, and 19 chances in 20 (i.e. a confidence interval of 95%) that the figure would have been within the range of $495.2 million to $515.6 million.

20 Errors other than those due to sampling may occur because of deficiencies in the register of units from which the sample was selected, non-response, and imperfections in reporting by respondents. Inaccuracies of this kind are referred to as non-sampling errors and they may occur in any collection, whether it be a census or a sample. Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires, efficient operating procedures and systems, and appropriate methodology.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

21 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.


RELATED PUBLICATIONS

22 This publication is one of a series to be issued in respect of 1999-2000 for a range of cultural services industries. Other publications in this series are:
  • Botanic Gardens, Australia 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8563.0) -issued April 2001
  • Motion Picture Exhibition, Australia,1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8654.0) -issued May 2001
  • Video Hire Industry, Australia,1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8562.0) -issued May 2001
  • Public Libraries, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8561.0) -issued June 2001
  • Museums, Australia,1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8560.0) -issued July 2001
  • Television Services, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8559.0) -issued July 2001
  • Commercial Art Galleries, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8651.0) -issued August 2001
  • Film and Video Production and Distribution, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8679.0) -issued August 2001

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