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8104.0 - Research and Experimental Development, Businesses, Australia, 2007-08 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/09/2009   
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1 Business expenditure on R&D(a), summary statistics - 2005-06 to 2007-08

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
$'000
$'000
$'000
%
%
%

Employment size
0-4 persons
360 263
412 272
477 409
3.5
3.3
3.3
5-19 persons
996 279
1 061 014
1 109 071
9.5
8.5
7.7
20-199 persons
2 145 819
2 337 091
2 753 047
20.6
18.6
19.1
200 or more persons
6 931 880
8 738 505
10 040 369
66.4
69.6
69.8
Type of expenditure
Capital expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
107 162
101 386
132 380
1.0
0.8
0.9
Other capital expenditure
575 001
674 080
627 568
5.5
5.4
4.4
Total
682 163
775 466
759 948
6.5
6.2
5.3
Current expenditure
Labour costs
3 922 717
4 332 528
4 929 508
37.6
34.5
34.3
Other current expenditure
5 829 361
7 440 888
8 690 440
55.9
59.3
60.4
Total
9 752 078
11 773 416
13 619 948
93.5
93.8
94.7
Source of funds
Own funds
9 568 397
11 491 781
13 389 456
91.7
91.6
93.1
Other business
222 840
292 586
349 706
2.1
2.3
2.4
Commonwealth government
388 245
416 148
389 938
3.7
3.3
2.7
State and local government
31 860
71 511
39 222
0.3
0.6
0.3
Other Australian(b)
53 082
35 468
19 994
0.5
0.3
0.1
Overseas
169 818
241 388
191 580
1.6
1.9
1.3
Location of expenditure
New South Wales
3 416 269
4 010 428
4 371 105
32.7
32.0
30.4
Victoria
2 996 976
3 427 666
3 949 045
28.7
27.3
27.5
Queensland
1 345 704
1 681 937
1 949 795
12.9
13.4
13.6
South Australia
644 244
841 051
929 402
6.2
6.7
6.5
Western Australia
1 600 342
2 077 181
2 608 998
15.3
16.6
18.1
Tasmania
82 517
105 078
131 932
0.8
0.8
0.9
Northern Territory
101 566
108 760
80 702
1.0
0.9
0.6
Australian Capital Territory
99 214
94 020
99 934
1.0
0.7
0.7
Overseas
147 409
202 761
258 985
1.4
1.6
1.8
Type of activity
Pure basic research
67 514
73 442
74 263
0.6
0.6
0.5
Strategic basic research
424 182
651 895
724 061
4.1
5.2
5.0
Applied research
3 473 096
4 091 792
4 615 386
33.3
32.6
32.1
Experimental development
6 469 450
7 731 753
8 966 187
62.0
61.6
62.4
Total expenditure on R&D
10 434 241
12 548 882
14 379 896
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) 2005-06 and 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.
(b) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations.

2 Business expenditure on R&D(a), by industry: values and proportions - 2005-06 to 2007-08

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
$'000
$'000
$'000
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
99 545
124 132
113 909
1.0
1.0
0.8
Mining
1 806 093
2 772 885
3 282 546
17.3
22.1
22.8
Manufacturing
3 724 921
3 835 696
4 304 892
35.7
30.6
29.9
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
113 887
148 976
189 684
1.1
1.2
1.3
Construction
401 898
456 025
614 874
3.9
3.6
4.3
Wholesale trade
685 417
844 235
841 541
6.6
6.7
5.9
Retail trade
51 838
93 486
65 338
0.5
0.7
0.5
Accommodation & food services
np
np
17 132
np
np
0.1
Transport, postal & warehousing
127 124
138 529
192 003
1.2
1.1
1.3
Information media & telecommunications
445 954
797 693
814 501
4.3
6.4
5.7
Financial & insurance services
951 164
1 104 400
1 416 948
9.1
8.8
9.9
Rental, hiring & real estate services
17 677
39 722
69 442
0.2
0.3
0.5
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 826 870
1 997 051
2 230 452
17.5
15.9
15.5
Administrative & support services
59 537
70 301
75 830
0.6
0.6
0.5
Public administration & safety
9 523
np
5 328
0.1
np
-
Education & training
np
7 780
5 205
np
0.1
-
Health care & social assistance
40 654
42 046
56 706
0.4
0.3
0.4
Arts & recreation services
16 730
12 181
26 661
0.2
0.1
0.2
Other services
41 313
44 687
56 904
0.4
0.4
0.4
Total
10 434 241
12 548 882
14 379 896
100.0
100.0
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2005-06 and 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

3 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by employment size - 2006-07 and 2007-08

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
7 611
18 530
50 874
36 894
113 909
Mining
89 204
132 497
482 427
2 578 418
3 282 546
Manufacturing
107 986
200 011
803 828
3 193 067
4 304 892
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
7 551
6 248
35 460
140 425
189 684
Construction
4 828
24 281
62 160
523 605
614 874
Wholesale trade
14 837
63 624
146 375
616 705
841 541
Retail trade
4 727
13 266
18 103
29 242
65 338
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
17 132
Transport, postal & warehousing
2 287
6 086
10 912
172 718
192 003
Information media & telecommunications
8 548
22 618
51 121
732 214
814 501
Financial & insurance services
19 384
19 395
48 111
1 330 058
1 416 948
Rental, hiring & real estate services
13 827
np
10 762
np
69 442
Professional, scientific & technical services
181 984
546 659
954 291
547 518
2 230 452
Administrative & support services
2 664
11 151
16 006
46 009
75 830
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
5 328
Education & training
1 827
1 656
1 722
-
5 205
Health care & social assistance
3 925
15 040
20 403
17 338
56 706
Arts & recreation services
np
np
14 328
np
26 661
Other services
np
15 767
22 482
np
56 904
Total
477 409
1 109 071
2 753 047
10 040 369
14 379 896

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
13 730
22 702
46 086
41 614
124 132
Mining
56 725
210 139
335 167
2 170 854
2 772 885
Manufacturing
107 424
166 700
721 136
2 840 436
3 835 696
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
4 376
8 817
12 984
122 799
148 976
Construction
5 162
24 855
77 537
348 471
456 025
Wholesale trade
14 439
50 434
122 116
657 246
844 235
Retail trade
3 067
12 951
16 709
60 759
93 486
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
2 116
5 300
15 511
115 602
138 529
Information media & telecommunications
11 105
17 023
59 502
710 063
797 693
Financial & insurance services
13 087
15 558
49 165
1 026 590
1 104 400
Rental, hiring & real estate services
6 541
8 291
7 584
17 306
39 722
Professional, scientific & technical services
162 097
482 208
827 050
525 696
1 997 051
Administrative & support services
1 807
5 691
10 603
52 200
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
np
1 012
np
np
Education & training
np
2 321
np
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
2 097
12 461
12 609
14 879
42 046
Arts & recreation services
831
np
np
np
12 181
Other services
np
13 307
14 796
np
44 687
Total
412 272
1 061 014
2 337 091
8 738 505
12 548 882

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

4 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by employment size: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
6.7
16.3
44.7
32.4
100.0
Mining
2.7
4.0
14.7
78.5
100.0
Manufacturing
2.5
4.6
18.7
74.2
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
4.0
3.3
18.7
74.0
100.0
Construction
0.8
3.9
10.1
85.2
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.8
7.6
17.4
73.3
100.0
Retail trade
7.2
20.3
27.7
44.8
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.2
3.2
5.7
90.0
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.0
2.8
6.3
89.9
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.4
1.4
3.4
93.9
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
19.9
np
15.5
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
8.2
24.5
42.8
24.5
100.0
Administrative & support services
3.5
14.7
21.1
60.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
35.1
31.8
33.1
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
6.9
26.5
36.0
30.6
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
53.7
np
100.0
Other services
np
27.7
39.5
np
100.0
Total
3.3
7.7
19.1
69.8
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
11.1
18.3
37.1
33.5
100.0
Mining
2.0
7.6
12.1
78.3
100.0
Manufacturing
2.8
4.3
18.8
74.1
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
2.9
5.9
8.7
82.4
100.0
Construction
1.1
5.5
17.0
76.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.7
6.0
14.5
77.9
100.0
Retail trade
3.3
13.9
17.9
65.0
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.5
3.8
11.2
83.4
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.4
2.1
7.5
89.0
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.2
1.4
4.5
93.0
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
16.5
20.9
19.1
43.6
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
8.1
24.1
41.4
26.3
100.0
Administrative & support services
2.6
8.1
15.1
74.3
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
29.8
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
5.0
29.6
30.0
35.4
100.0
Arts & recreation services
6.8
np
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
29.8
33.1
np
100.0
Total
3.3
8.5
18.6
69.6
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

5 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of expenditure - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Capital expenditure
Current expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
Other capital expenditure
Total
Labour costs
Other current expenditure
Total
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
6 997
7 922
14 919
36 321
62 669
98 990
113 909
Mining
24 731
130 558
155 289
476 330
2 650 927
3 127 257
3 282 546
Manufacturing
38 943
233 005
271 948
1 741 172
2 291 771
4 032 944
4 304 892
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
6 829
15 938
22 767
35 143
131 774
166 917
189 684
Construction
8 608
9 660
18 268
164 583
432 023
596 606
614 874
Wholesale trade
13 470
30 243
43 713
383 355
414 472
797 828
841 541
Retail trade
138
2 521
2 659
39 506
23 173
62 679
65 338
Accommodation & food services
np
np
822
np
np
16 310
17 132
Transport, postal & warehousing
1 306
13 791
15 097
58 744
118 162
176 906
192 003
Information media & telecommunications
1 359
16 663
18 022
180 799
615 680
796 479
814 501
Financial & insurance services
1 390
45 934
47 324
496 646
872 978
1 369 624
1 416 948
Rental, hiring & real estate services
366
9 978
10 344
20 103
38 994
59 098
69 442
Professional, scientific & technical services
21 866
86 218
108 084
1 196 746
925 622
2 122 368
2 230 452
Administrative & support services
np
np
10 230
33 192
32 408
65 600
75 830
Public administration & safety
np
np
1 984
np
np
3 344
5 328
Education & training
np
np
np
3 120
np
np
5 205
Health care & social assistance
np
np
7 298
22 276
27 132
49 408
56 706
Arts & recreation services
36
np
np
10 820
np
np
26 661
Other services
1 293
7 344
8 636
21 777
26 491
48 268
56 904
Total
132 380
627 568
759 948
4 929 508
8 690 440
13 619 948
14 379 896

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
3 600
8 275
11 875
31 161
81 096
112 257
124 132
Mining
7 135
196 440
203 575
364 639
2 204 671
2 569 310
2 772 885
Manufacturing
46 376
221 771
268 147
1 579 852
1 987 697
3 567 549
3 835 696
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
5 003
16 691
21 695
37 277
90 004
127 281
148 976
Construction
5 797
9 823
15 620
106 846
333 558
440 405
456 025
Wholesale trade
8 267
42 044
50 311
347 680
446 244
793 924
844 235
Retail trade
262
1 629
1 892
40 791
50 804
91 594
93 486
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
1 422
10 185
11 607
58 685
68 237
126 922
138 529
Information media & telecommunications
1 443
16 764
18 207
211 353
568 133
779 486
797 693
Financial & insurance services
669
51 846
52 515
334 893
716 992
1 051 885
1 104 400
Rental, hiring & real estate services
731
5 531
6 262
13 373
20 087
33 460
39 722
Professional, scientific & technical services
17 688
79 848
97 536
1 120 380
779 135
1 899 515
1 997 051
Administrative & support services
182
2 809
2 991
32 478
34 832
67 310
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
np
np
np
Education & training
np
np
1 267
4 776
1 737
6 513
7 780
Health care & social assistance
222
2 909
3 131
20 223
18 692
38 915
42 046
Arts & recreation services
-
799
799
4 829
6 553
11 382
12 181
Other services
2 186
3 891
6 078
17 575
21 035
38 609
44 687
Total
101 386
674 080
775 466
4 332 528
7 440 888
11 773 416
12 548 882

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

6 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of expenditure: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Capital expenditure
Current expenditure
Land, buildings & other structures
Other capital expenditure
Total
Labour costs
Other current expenditure
Total
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
6.1
7.0
13.1
31.9
55.0
86.9
100.0
Mining
0.8
4.0
4.7
14.5
80.8
95.3
100.0
Manufacturing
0.9
5.4
6.3
40.4
53.2
93.7
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
3.6
8.4
12.0
18.5
69.5
88.0
100.0
Construction
1.4
1.6
3.0
26.8
70.3
97.0
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.6
3.6
5.2
45.6
49.3
94.8
100.0
Retail trade
0.2
3.9
4.1
60.5
35.5
95.9
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
4.8
np
np
95.2
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
0.7
7.2
7.9
30.6
61.5
92.1
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.2
2.0
2.2
22.2
75.6
97.8
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.1
3.2
3.3
35.1
61.6
96.7
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
0.5
14.4
14.9
28.9
56.2
85.1
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.0
3.9
4.8
53.7
41.5
95.2
100.0
Administrative & support services
np
np
13.5
43.8
42.7
86.5
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
37.2
np
np
62.8
100.0
Education & training
np
np
np
59.9
np
np
100.0
Health care & social assistance
np
np
12.9
39.3
47.8
87.1
100.0
Arts & recreation services
0.1
np
np
40.6
np
np
100.0
Other services
2.3
12.9
15.2
38.3
46.6
84.8
100.0
Total
0.9
4.4
5.3
34.3
60.4
94.7
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
2.9
6.7
9.6
25.1
65.3
90.4
100.0
Mining
0.3
7.1
7.3
13.2
79.5
92.7
100.0
Manufacturing
1.2
5.8
7.0
41.2
51.8
93.0
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
3.4
11.2
14.6
25.0
60.4
85.4
100.0
Construction
1.3
2.2
3.4
23.4
73.1
96.6
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.0
5.0
6.0
41.2
52.9
94.0
100.0
Retail trade
0.3
1.7
2.0
43.6
54.3
98.0
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.0
7.4
8.4
42.4
49.3
91.6
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.2
2.1
2.3
26.5
71.2
97.7
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.1
4.7
4.8
30.3
64.9
95.2
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
1.8
13.9
15.8
33.7
50.6
84.2
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
0.9
4.0
4.9
56.1
39.0
95.1
100.0
Administrative & support services
0.3
4.0
4.3
46.2
49.5
95.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
16.3
61.4
22.3
83.7
100.0
Health care & social assistance
0.5
6.9
7.4
48.1
44.5
92.6
100.0
Arts & recreation services
-
6.6
6.6
39.6
53.8
93.4
100.0
Other services
4.9
8.7
13.6
39.3
47.1
86.4
100.0
Total
0.8
5.4
6.2
34.5
59.3
93.8
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

7 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by source of funds - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Own funds
Other business
Commonwealth government
State & local government
Other Australian(a)
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
103 252
np
5 781
2 992
np
-
113 909
Mining
3 148 863
np
7 479
np
-
-
3 282 546
Manufacturing
4 069 335
57 390
115 468
3 568
1 867
57 264
4 304 892
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
177 476
2 083
5 016
4 326
np
np
189 684
Construction
597 623
8 210
6 457
np
-
np
614 874
Wholesale trade
745 499
np
22 433
202
np
14 712
841 541
Retail trade
63 300
np
902
np
-
np
65 338
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
-
-
-
17 132
Transport, postal & warehousing
189 650
1 828
np
np
-
-
192 003
Information media & telecommunications
808 410
np
3 098
np
-
np
814 501
Financial & insurance services
1 407 334
3 856
5 489
np
np
np
1 416 948
Rental, hiring & real estate services
63 317
2 644
2 343
np
-
np
69 442
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 796 071
81 356
203 075
19 434
15 801
114 715
2 230 452
Administrative & support services
75 425
np
np
np
-
-
75 830
Public administration & safety
5 328
-
-
-
-
-
5 328
Education & training
np
np
179
-
-
-
5 205
Health care & social assistance
40 340
3 604
7 704
np
np
1 495
56 706
Arts & recreation services
24 663
np
np
np
np
-
26 661
Other services
51 884
np
2 984
-
np
-
56 904
Total
13 389 456
349 706
389 938
39 222
19 994
191 580
14 379 896

2006-07(b)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
106 906
2 726
7 073
3 858
np
np
124 132
Mining
2 692 218
np
5 115
np
-
np
2 772 885
Manufacturing
3 500 260
48 489
146 861
29 975
4 855
105 255
3 835 696
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
137 172
4 944
3 628
np
np
np
148 976
Construction
441 563
7 970
np
-
-
np
456 025
Wholesale trade
733 783
np
30 227
np
np
12 088
844 235
Retail trade
90 784
np
1 056
np
-
-
93 486
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
-
np
-
-
-
138 529
Information media & telecommunications
793 448
np
2 105
np
-
np
797 693
Financial & insurance services
1 096 591
5 378
2 101
np
np
-
1 104 400
Rental, hiring & real estate services
36 383
268
2 025
-
np
np
39 722
Professional, scientific & technical services
1 549 823
79 291
201 850
22 210
25 749
118 128
1 997 051
Administrative & support services
69 052
np
np
-
-
-
70 301
Public administration & safety
4 989
np
-
-
-
np
np
Education & training
7 482
-
298
-
-
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
26 506
6 297
5 318
np
np
np
42 046
Arts & recreation services
12 181
-
-
-
-
-
12 181
Other services
40 593
np
1 941
np
707
np
44 687
Total
11 491 781
292 586
416 148
71 511
35 468
241 388
12 548 882

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations.
(b) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

8 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by source of funds: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Own funds
Other business
Commonwealth government
State & local government
Other Australian(a)
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
90.6
np
5.1
2.6
np
-
100.0
Mining
95.9
np
0.2
np
-
-
100.0
Manufacturing
94.5
1.3
2.7
0.1
-
1.3
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
93.6
1.1
2.6
2.3
np
np
100.0
Construction
97.2
1.3
1.1
np
-
np
100.0
Wholesale trade
88.6
np
2.7
-
np
1.7
100.0
Retail trade
96.9
np
1.4
np
-
np
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
98.8
1.0
np
np
-
-
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
99.3
np
0.4
np
-
np
100.0
Financial & insurance services
99.3
0.3
0.4
np
np
np
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
91.2
3.8
3.4
np
-
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
80.5
3.6
9.1
0.9
0.7
5.1
100.0
Administrative & support services
99.5
np
np
np
-
-
100.0
Public administration & safety
100.0
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Education & training
np
np
3.4
-
-
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
71.1
6.4
13.6
np
np
2.6
100.0
Arts & recreation services
92.5
np
np
np
np
-
100.0
Other services
91.2
np
5.2
-
np
-
100.0
Total
93.1
2.4
2.7
0.3
0.1
1.3
100.0

2006-07(b)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
86.1
2.2
5.7
3.1
np
np
100.0
Mining
97.1
np
0.2
np
-
np
100.0
Manufacturing
91.3
1.3
3.8
0.8
0.1
2.7
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
92.1
3.3
2.4
np
np
np
100.0
Construction
96.8
1.7
np
-
-
np
100.0
Wholesale trade
86.9
np
3.6
np
np
1.4
100.0
Retail trade
97.1
np
1.1
np
-
-
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
-
np
-
-
-
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
99.5
np
0.3
np
-
np
100.0
Financial & insurance services
99.3
0.5
0.2
np
np
-
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
91.6
0.7
5.1
-
np
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
77.6
4.0
10.1
1.1
1.3
5.9
100.0
Administrative & support services
98.2
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
-
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
96.2
-
3.8
-
-
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
63.0
15.0
12.6
np
np
np
100.0
Arts & recreation services
100.0
-
-
-
-
-
100.0
Other services
90.8
np
4.3
np
1.6
np
100.0
Total
91.6
2.3
3.3
0.6
0.3
1.9
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Includes funding from Joint business/government, Higher education and Private non-profit organisations.
(b) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

9 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by location of expenditure - 2006-07 and 2007-08

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
25 643
6 464
17 681
13 715
28 226
17 326
3 945
-
909
113 909
Mining
637 437
176 491
568 766
246 916
1 592 922
18 608
36 730
np
np
3 282 546
Manufacturing
1 082 847
1 700 664
405 891
377 872
525 552
44 605
np
np
112 324
4 304 892
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
101 810
33 148
13 932
10 883
13 548
np
-
np
880
189 684
Construction
139 513
127 655
263 903
49 483
28 304
np
np
np
np
614 874
Wholesale trade
350 569
301 993
74 598
43 632
55 134
1 430
np
np
9 109
841 541
Retail trade
20 466
32 137
4 793
3 346
3 566
np
228
np
547
65 338
Accommodation & food services
np
np
5 269
np
np
np
np
-
np
17 132
Transport, postal & warehousing
60 472
101 828
15 376
7 687
np
np
-
np
np
192 003
Information media & telecommunications
234 218
485 037
38 777
19 573
21 492
np
-
np
3 232
814 501
Financial & insurance services
887 236
299 048
69 590
20 157
121 422
-
-
np
np
1 416 948
Rental, hiring & real estate services
18 159
34 689
5 747
np
6 092
np
-
-
-
69 442
Professional, scientific & technical services
712 936
565 303
439 721
117 659
202 791
24 151
3 363
60 096
104 433
2 230 452
Administrative & support services
40 325
22 073
9 607
np
1 926
-
np
np
np
75 830
Public administration & safety
2 656
np
-
-
np
np
-
-
np
5 328
Education & training
2 672
778
np
np
np
-
-
np
np
5 205
Health care & social assistance
26 517
20 318
5 036
1 393
3 031
np
-
-
np
56 706
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
np
26 661
Other services
15 432
25 358
6 190
6 755
2 260
np
-
-
np
56 904
Total
4 371 105
3 949 045
1 949 795
929 402
2 608 998
131 932
80 702
99 934
258 985
14 379 896

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
28 306
8 190
19 056
15 492
36 416
15 389
np
np
295
124 132
Mining
560 617
168 216
463 407
253 795
1 279 344
10 437
34 545
np
np
2 772 885
Manufacturing
993 338
1 538 164
368 399
325 718
372 463
46 561
np
np
108 396
3 835 696
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
66 310
26 972
32 520
np
9 088
np
np
np
np
148 976
Construction
120 054
93 594
160 643
np
49 424
np
np
np
2 019
456 025
Wholesale trade
327 249
346 917
78 236
38 201
43 741
304
np
np
3 284
844 235
Retail trade
15 189
66 326
4 248
4 389
1 777
545
np
np
459
93 486
Accommodation & food services
np
np
5 029
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
62 050
48 121
16 933
6 250
502
np
-
np
np
138 529
Information media & telecommunications
327 094
344 831
67 626
18 066
26 473
np
np
4 403
2 274
797 693
Financial & insurance services
742 476
235 119
41 646
10 143
62 483
-
np
np
12 422
1 104 400
Rental, hiring & real estate services
15 394
15 927
5 054
np
3 134
np
-
-
np
39 722
Professional, scientific & technical services
659 143
483 278
397 127
120 825
185 880
21 508
1 987
59 227
68 077
1 997 051
Administrative & support services
48 538
9 754
7 643
np
1 403
-
np
984
781
70 301
Public administration & safety
3 177
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
np
np
Education & training
4 183
np
1 092
np
np
-
-
np
-
7 780
Health care & social assistance
22 130
11 811
3 935
np
2 611
np
-
-
797
42 046
Arts & recreation services
np
4 399
np
-
np
-
-
-
-
12 181
Other services
10 112
20 115
6 499
5 208
1 472
np
-
-
np
44 687
Total
4 010 428
3 427 666
1 681 937
841 051
2 077 181
105 078
108 760
94 020
202 761
12 548 882

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

10 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by location of expenditure: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Overseas
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
22.5
5.7
15.5
12.0
24.8
15.2
3.5
-
0.8
100.0
Mining
19.4
5.4
17.3
7.5
48.5
0.6
1.1
np
np
100.0
Manufacturing
25.2
39.5
9.4
8.8
12.2
1.0
np
np
2.6
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
53.7
17.5
7.3
5.7
7.1
np
-
np
0.5
100.0
Construction
22.7
20.8
42.9
8.0
4.6
np
np
np
np
100.0
Wholesale trade
41.7
35.9
8.9
5.2
6.6
0.2
np
np
1.1
100.0
Retail trade
31.3
49.2
7.3
5.1
5.5
np
0.3
np
0.8
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
30.8
np
np
np
np
-
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
31.5
53.0
8.0
4.0
np
np
-
np
np
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
28.8
59.6
4.8
2.4
2.6
np
-
np
0.4
100.0
Financial & insurance services
62.6
21.1
4.9
1.4
8.6
-
-
np
np
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
26.1
50.0
8.3
np
8.8
np
-
-
-
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
32.0
25.3
19.7
5.3
9.1
1.1
0.2
2.7
4.7
100.0
Administrative & support services
53.2
29.1
12.7
np
2.5
-
np
np
np
100.0
Public administration & safety
49.8
np
-
-
np
np
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
51.3
14.9
np
np
np
-
-
np
np
100.0
Health care & social assistance
46.8
35.8
8.9
2.5
5.3
np
-
-
np
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
np
np
100.0
Other services
27.1
44.6
10.9
11.9
4.0
np
-
-
np
100.0
Total
30.4
27.5
13.6
6.5
18.1
0.9
0.6
0.7
1.8
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
22.8
6.6
15.4
12.5
29.3
12.4
np
np
0.2
100.0
Mining
20.2
6.1
16.7
9.2
46.1
0.4
1.2
np
np
100.0
Manufacturing
25.9
40.1
9.6
8.5
9.7
1.2
np
np
2.8
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
44.5
18.1
21.8
np
6.1
np
np
np
np
100.0
Construction
26.3
20.5
35.2
np
10.8
np
np
np
0.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
38.8
41.1
9.3
4.5
5.2
-
np
np
0.4
100.0
Retail trade
16.2
70.9
4.5
4.7
1.9
0.6
np
np
0.5
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
44.8
34.7
12.2
4.5
0.4
np
-
np
np
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
41.0
43.2
8.5
2.3
3.3
np
np
0.6
0.3
100.0
Financial & insurance services
67.2
21.3
3.8
0.9
5.7
-
np
np
1.1
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
38.8
40.1
12.7
np
7.9
np
-
-
np
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
33.0
24.2
19.9
6.1
9.3
1.1
0.1
3.0
3.4
100.0
Administrative & support services
69.0
13.9
10.9
np
2.0
-
np
1.4
1.1
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
-
-
-
-
np
100.0
Education & training
53.8
np
14.0
np
np
-
-
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
52.6
28.1
9.4
np
6.2
np
-
-
1.9
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
36.1
np
-
np
-
-
-
-
100.0
Other services
22.6
45.0
14.5
11.7
3.3
np
-
-
np
100.0
Total
32.0
27.3
13.4
6.7
16.6
0.8
0.9
0.7
1.6
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

11 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of activity - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Pure basic research
Strategic basic research
Applied research
Experimental development
Total expenditure on R&D
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000
$'000

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1 092
11 567
48 876
52 374
113 909
Mining
7 665
164 598
1 272 900
1 837 383
3 282 546
Manufacturing
25 588
220 873
1 168 676
2 889 755
4 304 892
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
831
13 446
66 846
108 561
189 684
Construction
3 673
14 990
147 949
448 262
614 874
Wholesale trade
3 143
26 850
224 502
587 045
841 541
Retail trade
1 085
10 371
23 907
29 976
65 338
Accommodation & food services
-
-
1 020
16 112
17 132
Transport, postal & warehousing
210
22 260
49 022
120 511
192 003
Information media & telecommunications
1 043
20 496
150 268
642 693
814 501
Financial & insurance services
2 299
39 762
457 100
917 787
1 416 948
Rental, hiring & real estate services
651
2 837
19 303
46 651
69 442
Professional, scientific & technical services
23 997
160 123
901 176
1 145 156
2 230 452
Administrative & support services
619
1 999
30 022
43 190
75 830
Public administration & safety
-
np
2 463
np
5 328
Education & training
np
np
1 635
2 754
5 205
Health care & social assistance
1 934
7 482
27 790
19 500
56 706
Arts & recreation services
np
np
8 450
np
26 661
Other services
372
3 203
13 481
39 848
56 904
Total
74 263
724 061
4 615 386
8 966 187
14 379 896

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1 253
8 747
45 644
68 489
124 132
Mining
8 104
181 561
997 820
1 585 400
2 772 885
Manufacturing
23 816
158 474
1 176 463
2 476 943
3 835 696
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1 425
33 006
41 558
72 988
148 976
Construction
2 343
14 206
154 945
284 531
456 025
Wholesale trade
3 740
20 959
207 665
611 871
844 235
Retail trade
1 275
6 577
59 866
25 768
93 486
Accommodation & food services
-
-
1 380
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
46 483
79 211
138 529
Information media & telecommunications
705
20 651
162 196
614 141
797 693
Financial & insurance services
3 507
49 351
293 358
758 184
1 104 400
Rental, hiring & real estate services
498
1 539
11 390
26 295
39 722
Professional, scientific & technical services
23 907
131 017
819 615
1 022 512
1 997 051
Administrative & support services
np
np
38 031
29 956
70 301
Public administration & safety
np
173
2 053
np
np
Education & training
-
np
np
6 615
7 780
Health care & social assistance
1 762
7 389
17 762
15 133
42 046
Arts & recreation services
-
np
np
7 520
12 181
Other services
918
3 134
9 874
30 761
44 687
Total
73 442
651 895
4 091 792
7 731 753
12 548 882

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

12 Business expenditure on R&D, by industry - by type of activity: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Pure basic research
Strategic basic research
Applied research
Experimental development
Total expenditure on R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.0
10.2
42.9
46.0
100.0
Mining
0.2
5.0
38.8
56.0
100.0
Manufacturing
0.6
5.1
27.1
67.1
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
0.4
7.1
35.2
57.2
100.0
Construction
0.6
2.4
24.1
72.9
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.4
3.2
26.7
69.8
100.0
Retail trade
1.7
15.9
36.6
45.9
100.0
Accommodation & food services
-
-
6.0
94.0
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
0.1
11.6
25.5
62.8
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.1
2.5
18.4
78.9
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.2
2.8
32.3
64.8
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
0.9
4.1
27.8
67.2
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.1
7.2
40.4
51.3
100.0
Administrative & support services
0.8
2.6
39.6
57.0
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
46.2
np
100.0
Education & training
np
np
31.4
52.9
100.0
Health care & social assistance
3.4
13.2
49.0
34.4
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
31.7
np
100.0
Other services
0.7
5.6
23.7
70.0
100.0
Total
0.5
5.0
32.1
62.4
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
1.0
7.0
36.8
55.2
100.0
Mining
0.3
6.5
36.0
57.2
100.0
Manufacturing
0.6
4.1
30.7
64.6
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
1.0
22.2
27.9
49.0
100.0
Construction
0.5
3.1
34.0
62.4
100.0
Wholesale trade
0.4
2.5
24.6
72.5
100.0
Retail trade
1.4
7.0
64.0
27.6
100.0
Accommodation & food services
-
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
np
np
33.6
57.2
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
0.1
2.6
20.3
77.0
100.0
Financial & insurance services
0.3
4.5
26.6
68.7
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
1.3
3.9
28.7
66.2
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
1.2
6.6
41.0
51.2
100.0
Administrative & support services
np
np
54.1
42.6
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
-
np
np
85.0
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.2
17.6
42.2
36.0
100.0
Arts & recreation services
-
np
np
61.7
100.0
Other services
2.1
7.0
22.1
68.8
100.0
Total
0.6
5.2
32.6
61.6
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

13 Business expenditure on R&D, by field of research(a): values and proportions - 2007-08

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
$'000
%

Mathematical sciences
19 008
0.1
Physical sciences
28 976
0.2
Chemical sciences
227 566
1.6
Earth sciences
227 558
1.6
Environmental sciences
123 216
0.9
Biological sciences
99 843
0.7
Agricultural and veterinary sciences
320 935
2.2
Information and computing sciences
3 677 664
25.6
Engineering
7 921 163
55.1
Technology
661 957
4.6
Medical and health sciences
897 849
6.2
Built environment and design
70 789
0.5
Education
7 208
0.1
Economics
12 317
0.1
Commerce, management, tourism and services
71 206
0.5
Studies in human society
np
np
Psychology and cognitive sciences
2 646
-
Law and legal studies
1 416
-
Studies in creative arts and writing
6 151
-
Language, communication and culture
1 471
-
History and archaeology
np
np
Total
14 379 896
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) Based on the 2008 edition of the ANZSRC. Previous cycle estimates are available on an ASRC basis only. See Explanatory Notes 19 to 21 for details.

14 Business expenditure on R&D, by socio-economic objective(a): values and proportions - 2007-08

Expenditure on R&D
Proportion of total expenditure on R&D
$'000
%

Defence
277 694
1.9
Economic development
Plant production and plant primary products
177 949
1.2
Animal production and animal primary products
107 200
0.7
Mineral resources (excl. energy resources)
2 057 015
14.3
Energy
2 020 873
14.1
Manufacturing
4 521 627
31.4
Construction
728 961
5.1
Transport
245 570
1.7
Information and communication services
1 967 282
13.7
Commercial services and tourism
1 658 297
11.5
Economic framework
31 427
0.2
Total
13 516 200
94.0
Society
Health
398 562
2.8
Education and training
24 925
0.2
Law, politics and community services
24 236
0.2
Cultural understanding
16 169
0.1
Total
463 893
3.2
Environment
117 370
0.8
Expanding knowledge
4 739
-
Total
14 379 896
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Based on the 2008 edition of the ANZSRC. Previous cycle estimates are available on an ASRC basis only. See Explanatory Notes 19 to 21 for details.

15 Business human resources devoted to R&D(a), summary statistics - 2005-06 to 2007-08

Human resources devoted to R&D
Proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
PYE
PYE
PYE
%
%
%

Employment size
0-4 persons
1 385
1 329
1 436
3.2
2.9
2.9
5-19 persons
5 965
5 922
6 428
13.7
12.8
13.1
20-199 persons
11 821
12 771
13 550
27.1
27.6
27.6
200 or more persons
24 516
26 304
27 700
56.1
56.8
56.4
Type of resource
Researchers
23 794
24 719
25 415
54.5
53.4
51.7
Technicians
13 677
14 755
15 853
31.3
31.8
32.3
Other staff
6 216
6 853
7 846
14.2
14.8
16.0
Total human resources devoted to R&D
43 686
46 327
49 114
100.0
100.0
100.0

(a) 2005-06 and 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

16 Business human resources devoted to R&D(a), by industry: values and proportions - 2005-06 to 2007-08

Human resources devoted to R&D
Proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
PYE
PYE
PYE
%
%
%

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
503
516
543
1.2
1.1
1.1
Mining
2 668
3 049
3 482
6.1
6.6
7.1
Manufacturing
17 069
17 527
18 080
39.1
37.8
36.8
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
425
472
406
1.0
1.0
0.8
Construction
900
1 105
1 655
2.1
2.4
3.4
Wholesale trade
3 471
3 524
3 552
7.9
7.6
7.2
Retail trade
363
508
448
0.8
1.1
0.9
Accommodation & food services
np
np
67
np
np
0.1
Transport, postal & warehousing
456
572
590
1.0
1.2
1.2
Information media & telecommunications
1 706
1 846
1 709
3.9
4.0
3.5
Financial & insurance services
2 793
2 820
3 612
6.4
6.1
7.4
Rental, hiring & real estate services
102
183
288
0.2
0.4
0.6
Professional, scientific & technical services
12 169
13 093
13 486
27.9
28.3
27.5
Administrative & support services
395
377
399
0.9
0.8
0.8
Public administration & safety
44
np
34
0.1
np
0.1
Education & training
np
66
38
np
0.1
0.1
Health care & social assistance
215
273
296
0.5
0.6
0.6
Arts & recreation services
78
48
119
0.2
0.1
0.2
Other services
253
278
310
0.6
0.6
0.6
Total
43 686
46 327
49 114
100.0
100.0
100.0

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2005-06 and 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

17 Business human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by employment size - 2006-07 and 2007-08

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-99 persons
200 or more persons
Total human resources devoted to R&D
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
33
95
261
154
543
Mining
30
98
676
2 679
3 482
Manufacturing
300
1 226
4 521
12 033
18 080
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
19
39
82
266
406
Construction
28
143
278
1 206
1 655
Wholesale trade
66
404
819
2 263
3 552
Retail trade
33
131
130
154
448
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
46
67
Transport, postal & warehousing
10
37
85
458
590
Information media & telecommunications
43
178
366
1 123
1 709
Financial & insurance services
40
129
227
3 216
3 612
Rental, hiring & real estate services
35
70
89
94
288
Professional, scientific & technical services
729
3 633
5 530
3 593
13 486
Administrative & support services
14
82
69
234
399
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
34
Education & training
8
19
11
-
38
Health care & social assistance
14
31
135
117
296
Arts & recreation services
np
np
77
np
119
Other services
np
100
169
np
310
Total
1 436
6 428
13 550
27 700
49 114

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
18
109
203
185
516
Mining
20
103
530
2 395
3 049
Manufacturing
263
1 109
4 370
11 785
17 527
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
np
np
53
368
472
Construction
20
112
264
709
1 105
Wholesale trade
75
380
767
2 303
3 524
Retail trade
22
137
128
221
508
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
15
40
77
440
572
Information media & telecommunications
25
154
455
1 212
1 846
Financial & insurance services
33
134
185
2 468
2 820
Rental, hiring & real estate services
32
57
51
43
183
Professional, scientific & technical services
718
3 306
5 323
3 746
13 093
Administrative & support services
18
48
74
237
377
Public administration & safety
-
6
9
np
np
Education & training
np
27
np
-
66
Health care & social assistance
12
55
102
103
273
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
48
Other services
np
109
124
np
278
Total
1 329
5 922
12 771
26 304
46 327

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

18 Business human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by employment size: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

0-4 persons
5-19 persons
20-199 persons
200 or more persons
Total human resources devoted to R&D
%
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
6.1
17.5
48.0
28.4
100.0
Mining
0.9
2.8
19.4
76.9
100.0
Manufacturing
1.7
6.8
25.0
66.6
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
4.6
9.6
20.3
65.5
100.0
Construction
1.7
8.6
16.8
72.9
100.0
Wholesale trade
1.9
11.4
23.1
63.7
100.0
Retail trade
7.5
29.3
28.9
34.3
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
69.6
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
1.8
6.3
14.4
77.6
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
2.5
10.4
21.4
65.7
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.1
3.6
6.3
89.0
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
12.2
24.2
30.8
32.8
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
5.4
26.9
41.0
26.6
100.0
Administrative & support services
3.5
20.6
17.2
58.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
21.5
48.7
29.8
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.6
10.5
45.5
39.5
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
64.1
np
100.0
Other services
np
32.3
54.3
np
100.0
Total
2.9
13.1
27.6
56.4
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
3.5
21.2
39.4
35.9
100.0
Mining
0.7
3.4
17.4
78.6
100.0
Manufacturing
1.5
6.3
24.9
67.2
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
np
np
11.2
78.0
100.0
Construction
1.8
10.2
23.9
64.2
100.0
Wholesale trade
2.1
10.8
21.8
65.3
100.0
Retail trade
4.3
27.0
25.2
43.5
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
-
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
2.6
6.9
13.5
77.0
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
1.3
8.3
24.7
65.7
100.0
Financial & insurance services
1.2
4.7
6.6
87.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
17.3
31.4
27.9
23.3
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
5.5
25.2
40.7
28.6
100.0
Administrative & support services
4.7
12.8
19.5
62.9
100.0
Public administration & safety
-
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
np
41.1
np
-
100.0
Health care & social assistance
4.3
20.2
37.5
37.9
100.0
Arts & recreation services
np
np
np
np
100.0
Other services
np
39.2
44.6
np
100.0
Total
2.9
12.8
27.6
56.8
100.0

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

19 Business human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by type of resource - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Researchers
Technicians
Other staff
Total human resources devoted to R&D
PYE
PYE
PYE
PYE

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
165
240
138
543
Mining
1 123
1 315
1 044
3 482
Manufacturing
8 872
5 778
3 430
18 080
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
187
131
88
406
Construction
705
706
244
1 655
Wholesale trade
1 947
1 119
485
3 552
Retail trade
172
212
64
448
Accommodation & food services
24
36
7
67
Transport, postal & warehousing
254
207
129
590
Information media & telecommunications
991
545
174
1 709
Financial & insurance services
2 368
899
345
3 612
Rental, hiring & real estate services
136
112
40
288
Professional, scientific & technical services
7 893
4 119
1 474
13 486
Administrative & support services
187
162
51
399
Public administration & safety
10
23
2
34
Education & training
22
12
4
38
Health care & social assistance
150
104
42
296
Arts & recreation services
39
44
36
119
Other services
172
88
49
310
Total
25 415
15 853
7 846
49 114

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
172
219
124
516
Mining
1 159
1 128
762
3 049
Manufacturing
8 950
5 501
3 075
17 527
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
279
123
70
472
Construction
550
401
153
1 105
Wholesale trade
1 954
1 111
459
3 524
Retail trade
264
197
47
508
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
np
Transport, postal & warehousing
257
213
102
572
Information media & telecommunications
964
741
140
1 846
Financial & insurance services
1 663
749
409
2 820
Rental, hiring & real estate services
77
77
28
183
Professional, scientific & technical services
7 885
3 899
1 309
13 093
Administrative & support services
175
151
52
377
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
np
Education & training
40
19
7
66
Health care & social assistance
138
97
38
273
Arts & recreation services
21
16
12
48
Other services
134
94
50
278
Total
24 719
14 755
6 853
46 327

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.

20 Business human resources devoted to R&D, by industry - by type of resource: proportions - 2006-07 and 2007-08

Researchers
Technicians
Other staff
Total human resources devoted to R&D
%
%
%
%

2007-08

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
30.3
44.2
25.5
100.0
Mining
32.2
37.8
30.0
100.0
Manufacturing
49.1
32.0
19.0
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
46.1
32.3
21.7
100.0
Construction
42.6
42.7
14.7
100.0
Wholesale trade
54.8
31.5
13.7
100.0
Retail trade
38.4
47.4
14.2
100.0
Accommodation & food services
36.6
53.5
9.9
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
43.0
35.1
21.9
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
58.0
31.9
10.2
100.0
Financial & insurance services
65.6
24.9
9.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
47.1
38.9
14.0
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
58.5
30.5
10.9
100.0
Administrative & support services
46.8
40.6
12.7
100.0
Public administration & safety
27.9
66.0
6.2
100.0
Education & training
57.1
32.5
10.5
100.0
Health care & social assistance
50.6
35.1
14.2
100.0
Arts & recreation services
32.7
37.0
30.2
100.0
Other services
55.5
28.5
15.9
100.0
Total
51.7
32.3
16.0
100.0

2006-07(a)

Agriculture, forestry & fishing
33.3
42.5
24.1
100.0
Mining
38.0
37.0
25.0
100.0
Manufacturing
51.1
31.4
17.5
100.0
Electricity, gas, water & waste services
59.0
26.1
14.9
100.0
Construction
49.8
36.3
13.9
100.0
Wholesale trade
55.4
31.5
13.0
100.0
Retail trade
52.0
38.8
9.2
100.0
Accommodation & food services
np
np
np
100.0
Transport, postal & warehousing
44.9
37.2
17.9
100.0
Information media & telecommunications
52.2
40.2
7.6
100.0
Financial & insurance services
59.0
26.6
14.5
100.0
Rental, hiring & real estate services
42.1
42.3
15.5
100.0
Professional, scientific & technical services
60.2
29.8
10.0
100.0
Administrative & support services
46.3
39.9
13.8
100.0
Public administration & safety
np
np
np
100.0
Education & training
61.0
28.8
10.2
100.0
Health care & social assistance
50.5
35.4
14.1
100.0
Arts & recreation services
42.9
32.7
24.4
100.0
Other services
48.1
33.8
18.0
100.0
Total
53.4
31.8
14.8
100.0

np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated
(a) 2006-07 data have been revised. See the Revisions section of the Technical Note for details.



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Commonwealth of Australia 2014

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