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4172.0 - Arts and Culture in Australia: A Statistical Overview, 2004 (Reissue)  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 06/09/2006  Reissue
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Contents >> Performing Arts >> Employment

EMPLOYMENT

Survey of Performing Arts Industries

Putting together a production requires more than performers. Technicians, producers, directors, stage managers, those involved in marketing and sales, ticket collectors and a variety of others all contribute. According to the 2002-03 ABS Survey of Performing Arts Industries, there were 7,842 people employed in the music and theatre production industry in June 2003(this survey only includes people working for organisations with employees).


Of these, 60% were performing artists, 17% were in managerial or administrative roles and 10% were providing artistic support (e.g. choreographers, composers and music directors). While the industry employed roughly equal numbers of males and females (52% and 48% respectively), the majority of performing artists employed were male (58%) while the majority of managerial and administrative staff were female (65%). The survey also found that there were 2,548 people working as volunteers in the industry during the month of June 2003.


Organisations involved in running performing arts festivals of more than 2 days duration during 2002-03, reported employing a total of 1,272 people. While the festival was on, they received assistance from 15,728 volunteers working an average of 25 hours each.


Census of Population and Housing

The performing arts surveys do not give information on the occupations in which people work, and it is necessary to analyse data from the Census of Population and Housing for such detail. According to the Census, there were 10,797 people whose main job was in music and theatre production in August 2001. Almost two-fifths of these (4,255) were Instrumental musicians - easily the largest occupation category in the industry.


There were also 847 people who indicated that they worked as Singers, 301 as Actors and 190 as Dancers and choreographers in the Music and theatre production industry. However, this does not represent all the singers, actors, dancers and choreographers in Australia, with many people reporting having these occupations whilst being employed in other industries.


For example, there were a total of 2,009 people in various Australian industries who described their main job as "actor" in August 2001, with the largest concentrations in the Creative arts (277 people) and the Television services industries (263 people).


The same is also true of many performing arts occupations, with opportunities for employment existing in many different industries. In a statistical overview publication it is not possible to map in which industries all performing arts workers are employed, however, such detail is available in another ABS publication entitled Employment in Culture, Australia, 2001 ( cat. no. 6273.0).

12.10 PERSONS EMPLOYED IN MUSIC AND THEATRE PRODUCTIONS INDUSTRY(a), By occupation - August 2001

Number
%

Cultural occupations
Instrumental musicians
4 255
39.4
Singers
847
7.8
Actors
301
2.8
Music teachers (private)
274
2.5
Media producers
247
2.3
Dancers and choreographers
190
1.8
Composers
170
1.6
Radio presenters
168
1.6
Sound technicians
158
1.5
Directors (film, television, radio and stage)
105
1.0
Stage managers
96
0.9
Light technicians
82
0.8
Ticket collectors and ushers
76
0.7
Theatre and cinema managers
74
0.7
Artistic directors
63
0.6
Music directors
61
0.6
Other cultural occupations
1 108
10.3
Total cultural occupations
8 275
76.6
Other occupations
Project and program administrators
147
1.4
Sales and marketing managers
137
1.3
Public relations officers
120
1.1
Other (includes not stated)
2 118
19.6
Total other occupations
2 522
23.4
Total all occupations
10 797
100.0

(a) In their main job in the week before Census Night.
ABS, Census of Population and Housing, 2001, data available on request.


Work Survey

According to the 2001 Survey of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, there were 234,400 people who had performed music in front of an audience in the 12 months before interview. Almost 28% of these people received payment for at least one of their performances. The same survey found that there were 258,300 people who performed as actors, dancers or in other performing roles before an audience. Approximately 10% of these were paid for at least one of their performances.

12.11 PERSONS INVOLVED IN MUSIC AND THE PERFORMING ARTS, By payment status - August 2001

Some paid involvement
Unpaid involvement only
Total

NUMBER ('000)

Music
As a live performer
64.6
169.8
234.4
No involvement as a live performer
18.9
28.6
47.5
Total
83.5
198.4
281.9
Performing arts
As a performer
29.1
229.1
258.3
No involvement as a performer
16.6
89.7
106.3
Total
45.7
318.8
364.6

PER CENT (%)

Music
As a live performer
27.6
72.4
100.0
No involvement as a live performer
39.7
60.3
100.0
Total
29.6
70.4
100.0
Performing arts
As a performer
11.3
88.7
100.0
No involvement as a performer
15.6
84.4
100.0
Total
12.5
87.5
100.0

ABS, Survey of Work in Selected Culture and Leisure Activities, 2001, data available on request.


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