Australian Bureau of Statistics
4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1994
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/05/1994
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Definitions and references
Age pensioners - the number of age pensioners at 30 June. The figure does not include associated wife's or carer's pensions.
Aged on age pension - the number of age pensioners expressed as a proportion of the aged (men aged 65 years and over and women aged 60 years and over).
Consumer price index (CPI) - a measure of change over time in the retail price of a constant basket of consumer goods and services. The choice of goods and services is representative of consumption patterns of resident employee households in Australian metropolitan areas. Indexed to 1990=100.
Current usual income - usual income at time of interview.
Disability support pensioners - the number of people receiving the disability support pension at 30 June. The figure does not include associated wife's or carer's pensions.
Employees - all wage and salary earners who received pay for any part of the reference period.
Equivalent income - current usual income (as defined) adjusted on the basis of size, composition and labour force status of the income unit, using Henderson equivalence scales.
Female/male ratio of mean total full-time adult weekly earnings -
Full-time employees - permanent, temporary and casual employees (as defined) who normally work the agreed or award hours of a full-time employee in their occupation and who received pay for any part of the reference period. If agreed or award hours do not apply, employees are regarded as full-time if they ordinarily work 35 hours or more a week.
GDP(A) per capita - gross domestic product (GDP) is an aggregate measure of the value of economic production in Australia in a given period. GDP(A) is an average of income, expenditure and production based GDP.
GDP spent on income support - special appropriations under the Social Security Act for income support as a proportion of GDP(I) original.
Gini coefficient - an index for measuring inequality of income. The index, always between 0 and 1, is low for populations with relatively equal income distributions and high for populations with relatively unequal distributions.
Gross income - current usual income (as defined) received per week at the time of interview, before tax or any other deductions are made.
Gross state product per mean head of population - a similar measure to GDP per capita but based on State income estimates.
Household disposable income per mean head of population - household income less income tax and other direct taxes, fees, fines etc. charged to persons by the general government, consumer debt interest and transfers overseas, expressed as a value per mean head of population in each State/Territory.
Income unit - a group of related people who live together and form a single spending unit. Income units can be considered to be analogous to family units with the distinction that non-dependent children and other adults living in the same household are treated as separate income units.
Main income source from government benefits - income units who received 50% or more of their current usual income (as defined) from government pensions or benefits.
Managerial employees - adult managerial, executive and professional staff, generally defined as those employees who do not receive payment for overtime, and/or who are in charge of a significant number of employees in a separate establishment(s).
Mean total weekly earnings -
Mean weekly ordinary time earnings of full-time non-managerial adults -
Median weekly income - the level of weekly income at which half the income units have higher incomes and half have lower incomes.
Net income - gross income(as defined) less personal income tax (including the Medicare levy).
Ordinary time - refers to employee's award or standard agreed hours of work. It includes stand-by or reporting time which are part of standard hours of work, and that part of annual leave, paid sick leave and long service leave taken during the reference period.
Quintile - twenty per cent groupings of the population when income units are ranked in ascending order according to each income unit's income.
Real household disposable income per mean head of population - household disposable income per mean head of population (as defined) deflated by the implicit price deflator for private final consumption expenditure.
Sole parent pensioners - the number of recipients of the sole parent pension at 30 June. In 1989, the supporting parent benefit and A class widow pensions were combined to form the sole parent pension. Figures prior to 1989 include these two pensions.
Share of gross/net equivalent income going to top/bottom quintile - share of gross/net equivalent income (as defined) received by the 20% of income units with the highest/lowest incomes.
Unemployment beneficiaries - the number of recipients of unemployment benefit, job search allowance and new start allowance. June monthly average.
This page last updated 9 May 2006
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