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6463.0 - Analytical Living Cost Indexes for Selected Australian Household Types, Jun 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/08/2008   
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RESULTS BY HOUSEHOLD TYPE


RESULTS BY HOUSEHOLD TYPE

Employee households

The index for Employee households increased 5.7% for the year to June 2008 due to increases in interest charges, automotive fuel, rents, takeaway and fast foods, insurance, electricity and hospital and medical services. Offsets were provided by child care, audio visual and computing equipment and fruit.

The ALCI for Employee households showed a greater increase than the CPI. Employee households have a relatively higher proportion of expenditure on automotive fuel and interest charges than the wider CPI population group (which comprises total metropolitan households). Both automotive fuel and interest charges had large annual increases.


Age pensioner households

The index for Age pensioner households increased by 4.3% for the year to June 2008 due to increases in automotive fuel, rents, insurance, electricity, hospital and medical services, interest charges, property rates and charges and house repairs and maintenance. Offsets were provided by fruit, audio visual and computing equipment and vegetables.

The ALCI for Age pensioner households showed a smaller increase than the CPI. Age pensioner households have a relatively higher proportion of expenditure on fruit and vegetables than the wider CPI population group. Both fruit and vegetables had large annual decreases.


Other government transfer recipient households

The index for Other government transfer recipient households increased by 5.0% for the year to June 2008 due to increases in automotive fuel, rents, interest charges, electricity, tobacco, insurance, takeaway and fast foods. Offsets were provided by fruit and vegetables, audio visual and computing equipment.

The ALCI for Other government transfer recipient households showed a larger increase than the CPI. Other government transfer recipient households have a relatively higher proportion of expenditure on automotive fuel and rents than the wider CPI population group. Both automotive fuel and rents had large annual increases.


Self-funded retiree households

The index for Self-funded retiree households increased by 4.3% for the year to June 2008 due to increases in automotive fuel, hospital and medical services, overseas holiday travel and accommodation, insurance, electricity and interest charges. Offsets were provided by fruit, audio visual and computing equipment.

The ALCI for Self-funded retiree households showed a smaller increase than the CPI. Self-funded retiree households have a relatively higher proportion of expenditure on fruit and vegetables than the wider CPI population group. Both fruit and vegetables had large annual decreases.


GRAPHS

The index series for the various household types from June quarter 1998 to June quarter 2008 are shown in Graphs 1 to 4 and quarterly percentage changes in the indexes in Graphs 5 to 8.

Graph 1: Index numbers for Employee households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0
Graph: Graph 1: Index Numbers for Employee households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0


Graph 2: Index numbers for Age pensioner households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0
Graph: Graph 2: Index Numbers for Age Pensioner Households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0


Graph 3: Index numbers for Other government transfer recipient households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0
Graph: Graph 3: Index Numbers for Other Government transfer Recipient Households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0


Graph 4: Index numbers for Self-funded retiree households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0
Graph: Graph 4: Index numbers for Self-funded retiree households, June quarter 1998 = 100.0


Graph 5: Employee households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)
Graph: Graph 5: Employee Households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)


Graph 6: Age pensioner households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)
Graph: Graph 6: Age Pensioner Households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)


Graph 7: Other government recipient households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)
Graph: Graph 7: Other Government Recipient Households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)


Graph 8: Self-funded retiree households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)
Graph: Graph 8: Self-Funded Retiree Households, Percentage change (from previous quarter)


Changes over the last 12 months in the price indexes at the equivalent of the CPI commodity group level are presented in Table 1. Differences in the price experiences of household types at the group level reflect differences in expenditure weights at the lower levels and different treatments of housing, interest charges and insurance compared to the CPI.

Table 1: Percentage change in Analytical living cost indexes, Household type by Commodity group, June quarter 2007 to June quarter 2008

Commodity group
Employee
Age pensioner
Other government transfer recipient
Self-funded retiree
CPI(a)

Food
4.1
3.1
3.9
3.0
3.8
Alcohol and tobacco
4.9
4.7
4.6
4.7
4.9
Clothing and footwear
1.3
1.3
1.2
1.4
1.1
Housing(b)
6.9
6.2
7.0
5.7
5.9
Household contents and services
-1.0
1.5
0.6
1.5
-0.6
Health
4.8
4.5
4.2
4.9
4.8
Transportation
7.1
8.6
9.4
7.3
6.9
Communication
0.1
-0.5
-0.5
0.0
0.0
Recreation
1.5
2.0
1.2
2.5
1.7
Education
4.3
4.9
4.1
4.4
4.1
Financial and insurance services(c)
18.9
9.4
15.1
10.6
9.9
All groups
5.7
4.3
5.0
4.3
4.5

(a) Referenced to base of June quarter 1998 = 100.0.
(b) House purchases are included in the CPI but excluded from the population subgroup indexes.
(c) Includes interest charges and general insurance. Interest charges are excluded from the CPI and general insurance is calculated on a different basis.


The index points contribution to the totals are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Contributions to total index numbers, Household type by Commodity group

Employee
Age pensioner
Other government transfer recipient
Self-funded retiree
CPI(a)
Commodity group
Jun qtr 2008
Jun qtr 2007
Jun qtr 2008
Jun qtr 2007
Jun qtr
2008
Jun qtr
2007
Jun qtr 2008
Jun qtr 2007
Jun qtr 2008
Jun qtr 2007

Food
23.2
22.26
29.80
28.91
26.90
25.89
23.41
22.71
21.76
20.95
Alcohol and tobacco
10.97
10.46
9.83
9.39
13.83
13.23
10.22
9.75
9.32
8.89
Clothing and footwear
5.35
5.28
6.28
6.20
5.95
5.88
4.89
4.81
4.80
4.75
Housing(b)
16.24
15.20
23.85
22.44
27.55
25.76
14.67
13.86
27.21
25.67
Household contents and services
12.78
12.90
14.39
14.19
13.26
13.19
15.84
15.59
12.12
12.20
Health
6.66
6.35
10.23
9.78
4.45
4.27
12.14
11.56
6.58
6.28
Transportation
20.95
19.54
16.64
15.32
16.19
14.80
20.65
19.24
18.52
17.34
Communication
4.45
4.48
4.86
4.89
5.72
5.75
3.76
3.77
4.08
4.08
Recreation
16.24
15.99
14.60
14.32
12.85
12.70
21.74
21.19
14.75
14.52
Education
4.17
3.99
0.22
0.21
2.58
2.48
0.91
0.87
3.85
3.70
Financial and insurance services(c)
19.22
16.15
6.96
6.36
9.62
8.35
6.58
5.94
13.01
11.83
All groups
140.2
132.6
137.7
132.0
138.9
132.3
134.8
129.3
136.0
130.2

(a) Referenced to base of June quarter 1998 = 100.0.
(b) House purchases are included in the CPI but excluded from the population subgroup indexes.
(c) Includes interest charges and general insurance. Interest charges are excluded from the CPI and general insurance is calculated on a different basis.


The change in a component item's points contribution from one period to the next provides a direct measure of the contribution to the change in the All groups index resulting from the change in that component's price. Points contribution and points contribution change can be useful when analysing the relative impact of price change of various commodity groups on total price change.


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