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6427.0 - Producer Price Indexes, Australia, Jun 2008  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/07/2008   
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COMMENTARY


STAGE OF PRODUCTION (SOP) OVERVIEW

In June quarter 2008 the final (Stage 3) index recorded a 1.0% increase, while the intermediate (Stage 2) index increased by 2.7% and the preliminary (Stage 1) index by 3.5%. Through the year to June quarter 2008, the final (Stage 3) index increased by 4.7%, the intermediate (Stage 2) index increased by 7.1% and the preliminary (Stage 1) index increased by 8.5%.

The increase of 1.0% in the final (Stage 3) index reflects a rise of 1.4% in the price of domestically produced items offset by a fall of 1.0% for imported items. The domestic component increased due to price rises for building construction (+1.6%), petroleum refining (+7.5%), motor vehicle and part manufacturing (+2.6%) and non-building construction (+2.0%), which were partially offset by price decreases for other agriculture (-7.3%) and commercial fishing (-11.0%). The imports component decreased due to price falls for electronic equipment manufacturing (-7.4%), other manufacturing (-4.6%), and motor vehicle and part manufacturing (-1.2%), which were partially offset by increases for petroleum refining (+13.4%), basic chemical manufacturing (+37.9%) and industrial machinery manufacturing (+1.1%).

The increase of 2.7% in the intermediate (Stage 2) index reflects an increase of 2.4% in the price of domestically produced items and a rise of 4.3% in the price of imported items. The domestic component increased due to price rises for oil and gas extraction (+16.4%), grain, sheep, beef and dairy cattle farming (+5.1%), iron and steel manufacturing (+11.9%) and petroleum refining (+6.5%). The imports component increased due to price rises for oil and gas extraction (+16.3%), basic chemical manufacturing (+11.8%) and petroleum refining (+12.5%), partially offset by price decreases for motor vehicle and part manufacturing (-2.4%) and electronic equipment manufacturing (-5.2%).

The increase of 3.5% in the preliminary (Stage 1) index reflects a rise of 2.8% in the price of domestically produced items and an increase of 7.6% in the price of imported items. The domestic component increased due to price rises for oil and gas extraction (+16.4%), iron and steel manufacturing (+11.9%) and petroleum refining (+6.5%). The imports component increased due to price rises for oil and gas extraction (+16.3%), basic chemical manufacturing (+11.8%) and petroleum refining (+13.2%), which were partially offset by price falls for electronic equipment manufacturing (-5.2%) and motor vehicle and part manufacturing (-2.4%).

COMPARISON OF SOP INDEXES: Base: 1998-99 = 100.0
Graph: COMPARISON OF SOP INDEXES: Base: 1998-99 = 100.0



MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES

During the June quarter 2008, the prices paid by manufacturers for material inputs increased by 6.3%, while the prices they received for their outputs increased by 4.2%. Through the year to June quarter 2008, prices of material inputs increased by 15.8%, while prices for manufacturers' outputs rose by 8.7%.

Price increases for products from oil and gas extraction (+17.4%) and dairy cattle farming (+13.9%) drove the rise in the cost of materials used in the manufacturing industries. Major contributors to these price increases were crude oil and whole milk. Price decreases for products from metal ore mining (-2.9%) and fabricated metal product manufacturing (-9.7%) provided offsets to the price increases.

The increase in prices received for articles produced by manufacturing industries was mainly due to rises in the price of outputs from petroleum refining (+14.6%) - driven by diesel, kerosene, aviation fuel and unleaded petrol; meat and meat product manufacturing (+6.7%) - driven by fresh and frozen beef and edible offal; and iron and steel manufacturing (+12.3%) - driven by steel plate and alumina products. These increases were partly offset by decreases in the prices received for outputs in other transport equipment (-3.1%).

MATERIALS USED IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, All groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: MATERIALS USED IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, All groups: Quarterly % change


ARTICLES PRODUCED BY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, All Groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: ARTICLES PRODUCED BY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES, All Groups: Quarterly % change



CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES

The price index for materials used in house building rose by 1.5% in the June quarter 2008. This follows consecutive price increases of 1.3% in the March quarter 2008 and 0.9% in the December quarter 2007. The largest contributors to the increase this quarter were price rises for steel products (+9.8%), timber, board and joinery (+1.0%), and other metal products (+1.4%).

Melbourne (+1.4%) contributed the most to the overall weighted average of six capital cities quarterly movement. Increases were recorded for all the state capitals.

Through the year to June quarter 2008, the materials used in house building price index rose by 4.6%. This rise was mainly attributed to increases in prices paid for timber, board and joinery (+6.5%) and other metal products (+4.2%).

MATERIALS USED IN HOUSE BUILDING, All groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: MATERIALS USED IN HOUSE BUILDING, All groups: Quarterly % change


The price index for the output of the general construction industry increased by 1.6% in the June quarter 2008, and by 6.4% through the year. Increases were registered in all component industries. The largest contributor this quarter was non-residential building construction (+2.0%), followed by house construction (+1.1%), residential building construction n.e.c. (+1.9%), and road and bridge construction (+2.0%).

New South Wales made the greatest contribution to the general construction industry index increase this quarter (+2.5%), followed by Queensland (+1.7%). This was driven by non-residential building construction (+3.5%) in New South Wales, and house construction (+1.4%) and non-residential building construction (+1.9%) in Queensland.

The common influence on price increases across the construction industry and regions this quarter was increasing material prices, such as concrete and steel. Diesel and bitumen prices also contributed to the movement of the road and bridge construction price index.

OUTPUT OF THE GENERAL CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY, All groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: output of the general construction industry, All groups: Quarterly % change



SERVICE INDUSTRIES PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES

The property and business services industries price index increased by 1.1% in the June quarter 2008, and by 7.0% through the year.

The property services index increased by 1.9% in the June quarter 2008, and by 11.9% through the year. The main contributors to the quarterly increase were commercial property operators and developers (+1.8%) and real estate agents (+2.5%). The business services index increased by 0.5% in the June quarter 2008 and by 3.5% through the year. The main contributors to the quarterly increase were contract staff services (+2.6%) and business management services (+1.7%). These increases were partially offset by a decrease in accounting services (-1.6%).

PROPERTY AND BUSINESS SERVICES INDUSTRIES, All groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: Property and Business Services industries All Groups, Quarterly % change


The transport (freight) and storage industries index increased by 2.0% in the June quarter 2008, and by 4.6% through the year. The most significant contributors to the quarterly increase were road freight transport (+2.1%), rail transport (+7.5%) and coastal water transport (+7.1%). These increases were partially offset by decreases in international sea transport (-2.3%).

TRANSPORT (FREIGHT) AND STORAGE INDUSTRIES, All groups: Quarterly % change
Graph: Transport (Freight) and Storage industries All Groups, Quarterly % change



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