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6401.0 - Consumer Price Index, Australia, Mar 2011 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/04/2011   
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CAPITAL CITIES COMPARISON



ALL GROUPS

All Groups: Percentage change from previous quarter
Graph: All Groups: Percentage change from previous quarter


At the All groups level, the CPI rose in all capital cities in the March quarter 2011. The highest positive movement was recorded in Melbourne (+1.7%) followed by Sydney (+1.6%) and Adelaide (+1.6%). The remaining four cities increased between 1.1% and 1.5%.

The food group was the most significant positive contributor in all cities with the exception of Melbourne, Adelaide, and Hobart, where the most significant positive contributor was the housing group mainly due to electricity price increases in those cities. The largest increases for the food group were recorded in Canberra (+3.5%), Brisbane (+3.4%), and Sydney (+3.0%) driven by increases in vegetable and fruit prices.

At the eight capital cities level, the transportation group was the second largest positive contributor to the quarterly movement showing increases in all cities. The most significant contributor was the increase in automotive fuel in all capital cities, most notably in Perth (+9.8%) and Sydney (+8.9%).

The household contents and services group was the largest negative contributor to the quarterly movement at the eight capital cities level. The largest decreases for the household contents and services group were recorded in Perth (-1.9%), Sydney (-1.6%) and Melbourne (-1.6%). Darwin (+0.6%) was the only city to record an increase in the March quarter 2011.

Over the twelve months to the March quarter 2011, the All groups CPI rose in all capital cities. The largest positive movement was recorded in Brisbane (+3.6%) and Adelaide (+3.6%) due to relatively higher increases in alcohol and tobacco and housing respectively. Perth (+2.6%) recorded the smallest positive movement mainly due to relatively smaller rises in food, alcohol and tobacco and housing.

CPI, All groups index numbers and percentage changes

INDEX NUMBER(a)
PERCENTAGE CHANGE
Mar Qtr 2011
Mar 2010 to Mar 2011
Dec Qtr 2010 to Mar Qtr 2011

Sydney
175.9
3.2
1.6
Melbourne
174.4
3.5
1.7
Brisbane
182.3
3.6
1.3
Adelaide
180.0
3.6
1.6
Perth
176.1
2.6
1.1
Hobart
174.9
2.9
1.3
Darwin
173.7
3.0
1.1
Canberra
176.8
3.0
1.5
Weighted average of eight capital cities
176.7
3.3
1.6

(a) Base of each index: 1989-90 = 100.0.



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