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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Mean weekly earnings in all jobs
The mean weekly earnings of employees in all jobs in August 2009, was $995, an increase of $37 since August 2008. Mean weekly earnings in all jobs for men was $1,181 compared to $789 for women. Mean weekly earnings for full-time workers was $1,225 compared to $447 for part-time workers.
Mean weekly earnings, in all jobs, has increased by just over 59% during the 10 years to August 2009, from $624 in August 1999 to $995 in August 2009. Changes in mean weekly earnings may be affected not only by changes in the rate of pay, but also by changes in the composition of the Australian workforce, including:
Mean weekly earnings in main job
The mean weekly earnings, for employees in their main job, in August 2009 was $984 ($1,171 for men and $775 for women). Men aged 45-54 years, had the highest mean weekly earnings at $1,468, whilst for women, it was those aged 25-34 years at $882. The mean weekly earnings in the main job was higher for men than for women in every age group. The greatest difference in mean weekly earnings, between male and female employees, was for those aged 45-54 years (a difference of $607 per week), while the smallest difference, $84, was for those aged 15-19 years.
The proportion of employees earning $600 and under $700 was 8%, for both full-time and part-time employees. However, the earnings ranges on either side varied, for example, an estimated 4% of full-time employees and 11% of part-time employees, earned between $500 and under $600. Conversely, 10% of full-time employees and 5% of part-time employees earned between $700 and under $800.
Median weekly earnings in main job
In August 2009, the median weekly earnings in main job for all employees was $840. Median weekly earnings were the highest for employees who were Managers ($1,250), and Professionals ($1,197), and for employees who worked in the Mining industry ($1,910). Median weekly earnings were lowest for employees who worked in the Accommodation and food services industry ($400) and employees who were Sales workers ($468).
Trade Union Membership in main job
In August 2009, the proportion of employees, who were trade union members in their main job, increased from 19% in 2008 to 20%. This was an increase of 82,200 from the previous year.
Data collected about trade union members in their main job for August 2009 also showed:
Employees in main job, Industry of main job, By trade union membership in main job-Proportion of all employees who were trade union members
Employees in the Education and training industry group, had the highest proportion of trade union membership in their main job (42%), followed by Electricity, gas, water and waste services (41%). The industry group with the lowest proportion of trade union membership in their main job, was Agriculture, forestry and fishing (3%).
SUPERANNUATION CONTRIBUTIONS PAID BY EMPLOYER
In August 2009, 88% of all employees had superannuation contributions paid into a superannuation scheme on their behalf, by their employer. A higher proportion of full-time employees, had superannuation contributions paid into a superannuation scheme on their behalf, than part-time employees (94% and 76% respectively).
Just over 93% of employees earning $400 and over each week in their main job, had superannuation contributions paid into a superannuation scheme on their behalf by their employer, compared to 65% for employees earning less than $400 per week.
EMPLOYEES (EXCLUDING OMIES)
Paid leave entitlements
Of the 8.7 million employees (excluding OMIEs) at August 2009, 76% (6.5 million) had paid leave entitlements, that is, they were entitled to paid sick leave, paid holiday leave, or both in their main job. A higher proportion of employees1 who were men, had paid leave entitlements (79%) than for women (72%).
The occupation group with the highest proportion of employees1 with paid leave entitlements was Managers (93%), followed by Professionals (89%). The occupation group with the lowest proportion with paid leave entitlements, was Sales workers (54%).
Employees (excluding OMIEs) without paid leave entitlements
In August 2009, 24% (2.1 million) of employees1 did not have paid leave entitlements (a proxy measure for casual employment) in their main job, that is, they were not entitled to either paid sick leave or paid holiday leave in their main job (or did not know if they were entitled). Of these:
Number of paid leave entitlements
In August 2009, paid sick leave and paid holiday leave were the most common paid leave entitlements held by employees1 (75% and 74% respectively).
An estimated 77% of employees1 had one or more paid leave entitlements, and 23% had no paid leave entitlements at all.
Comparisons for some key population groups in relation to whether employees1 had all of the paid leave entitlements2 show:
Overall, the industries with the highest proportions of employees1 with all of the paid leave entitlements2 were Public administration and safety (59%) and Financial and insurance services (53%). In contrast, 7% of employees in the Accommodation and food services industry, had all paid leave entitlements2, while in the same industry, 62% had no paid leave entitlements.
Almost half (47%) of the employees1 who were Professionals in August 2009 had all paid leave entitlements2. In contrast, 11% of Labourers and 14% of Sales workers had all paid leave entitlements2, while over two-fifths (43% and 45% respectively) of employees1 in each of these groups had no paid leave entitlements.
1. Excluding owner managers of incorporated enterprises.
2. Refers to the entitlement of paid holiday leave, paid sick leave, paid maternity/paternity leave and paid long service leave.
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