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ANALYSIS OF RESULTS
DRAWDOWN FROM INVESTORS BY INVESTOR TYPE, Percentage of total investment in VC&LSPE vehicles - 2008-09
VC&LSPE MANAGERS AND INVESTMENT VEHICLES
The survey identified 180 active VC&LSPE managers who were managing 275 VC&LSPE investment vehicles.
VC&LSPE managers received income in the form of management fees ($234m). In 2008-09, fund managers spent on average 3.5 days a month per investee company. This compares with 3.8 days in 2007-08 and 3.6 days in 2006-07.
VC&LSPE investment vehicles had net assets of $9.3b at June 2009 compared with $10.6b at June 2008 and $9.5b at June 2007.
Most VC&LSPE investment vehicles were either trusts (funds) or corporations. Of the 275 vehicles operating in 2008-09, 92 were companies, 16 of which were listed with the Australian Stock Exchange.
At the end of June 2009, 104 of the 275 VC&LSPE investment vehicles were participating in a government program, a 12% decrease on the number of participants in 2008. Of the 104 participating investment vehicles, 71 were with the Federal government's Pooled Development Fund (PDF) program, a 12% decrease in the number of participants.
The value of total assets held by VC&LSPE investment vehicles was widely dispersed, from 139 investment vehicles having less than $10m in assets, to 39 with more than $80m in total assets.
Table 2 shows the financial flows between VC&LSPE investment vehicles and investee companies over the survey period. New and follow-on investments by VC&LSPE investment vehicles fell $1,246m (45%) in 2008-09 to $1,524m.
Most return on investment to investees is through exits from investments. The value of exits through trade sales, IPOs and buybacks was $682m in 2008-09. This compared to a reduction in investment value of $899m in 2008-09. The value of vehicles that left the Australian VC&LSPE industry ($55m in 2008-09) was higher than the low level recorded in the previous year ($6m).
Investment vehicles had total expenditure of $539m during 2008-09, of which the largest component was management fees ($234m, compared to $197m during 2007-08). Total income decreased to $334m, driven mainly by a decrease in dividends received ($41m in 2008-09 compared to $138m in 2007-08).
VC&LSPE funds used various valuation methods (refer to paragraph 14 of the Explanatory Notes). The AVCAL method was most frequently used, with 173 vehicles using this method in 2008-09, followed by book value/cost valuation methods (47), directors' valuation (28), and independent valuation methods (27).
Of the $7,789m that was invested in the 1,089 investee companies (deals) at June 2009, $850m was invested in new projects during the 2008-09 financial year (down by $1,373m or 62% on 2007-08), with additional investments in existing projects of $674m (up $127m or 23%). See table 2 for more details.
The following graph indicates that at the end of 2008-09, the largest concentration of deals held by VC&LSPE vehicles was with investee companies established for between two and four years (37%). Investee companies in the five to 10 year category accounted for 33% of deals at the end of 2008-09.
In terms of the current stage of investment, total investments in the leveraged buyout/management buyout/management buyin (LBO/MBO/MBI) stage attracted the largest share, with $2,770m or 36% of total value as at the end of June 2009.
See paragraph 12 of the Explanatory Notes for a definition of the VC&LSPE stages referred to in the following graph.
The following graph shows the distribution of the value of investment placed by VC&LSPE managers in individual investee companies. Most deals attracted less than $10m from any one investment vehicle.
Most of the value of VC&LSPE investment was in investee companies with head offices in New South Wales and Victoria (39% and 23% respectively at June 2009). The current value of investee companies with head offices in New South Wales increased $15m to $3,044m compared to 2007-08, whereas Victoria fell $118m to $1,787m. While the current value of investments by Australian vehicles in offshore investee companies decreased $222m (15%) to $1,300m, it still remained significant, accounting for 17% of total investment.
VC&LSPE vehicles invested in a wide range of industries. Of the total value of $7,789m invested in 2008-09, Manufacturing and Utilities remained the predominant industry of investment, with investments at the end of the year of $1,793m (23% of total investment) despite a $385 reduction in the level of investment. The Trade and Accommodation industries with investments of $1,678m (22% of total investment) replaced the Finance and Property industries with investment of $1,528m (20% of total investment) in second place after the Finance and Property industries experienced a $470m fall in the level of investment. The ranking of all other industries remained constant.
When analysed by activity, as defined by the Standard and Poors Activity Classification, the Retail, Services and Real estate related activities attracted the largest share of investment, with $2,555m or 33% of total investment as at the end of June 2009. Manufacturing and Transport with $2,432m (31%) and Biotech, Pharmaceuticals and Health activities with $1,494m (19%) also attracted large shares of the total investments as at the end of June 2009.
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