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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2007 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2009   
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death by ICD-10 Chapter >> Infectious Diseases (A00-B99)

INFECTIOUS DISEASES (A00-B99)

In 2007, Infectious diseases (A00-B99) were the underlying cause of 1,858 registered deaths or 1.3% of all deaths. More males died from Infectious diseases than females in 2007, with 971 deaths registered for males and 887 deaths registered for females.

The median age at death from Infectious diseases in 2007 was 79.8 years, slightly less than the median age for all deaths, which was 80.5 years. The median age at death from this cause has marginally increased over time, with the median age at death for females consistently recorded as being older than that for males. This trend continued in 2007, with the median age at death 82.9 years for females and 76.3 years for males.

Of those deaths due to Infectious diseases, 1,105 (59%) recorded Septicaemia (A40-A41) as the underlying cause of death. Similar numbers of males and females died from Septicaemia in 2007, giving a sex ratio of 94 male deaths per 100 female deaths. Median age at death for this cause was 82.2 years.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV] disease (B20-B24) accounted for 84 deaths in total in 2007. The number of deaths with HIV as the underlying cause has gradually decreased over the past ten years, dropping from 151 in 1998. In 2007, more males (75) than females (9) have died from HIV, which is consistent with data from previous years. While still substantial, the disparity between the number of men and women dying from HIV has reduced in the 10 years since 1998. This has been driven by the reduction in the number of males with this underlying cause of death, which has fallen from 143 in 1998 to 75 in 2007. In comparison, the number of females has remained relatively consistent over this period. The median age at death due to HIV was 46.3 years in 2007, slightly higher than the median age of 45.3 years in 2006. The median age at death for males was 47.5 years and for females it was 40.5 years.

3.1 SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES(a), Infectious Diseases (A00-B99) - 2007(b)(c)

MALES
FEMALES
PERSONS
PROPORTION OF ALL DEATHS
Cause of Death and ICD Code
no.
no.
no.
%

     Infectious diseases (A00-B99)
971
887
1 858
1.3
             Intestinal infectious diseases (A00-A09)
39
49
88
0.1
                Other bacterial intestinal infections (A04)
18
13
31
-
                Viral and other specified intestinal infections (A08)
10
24
34
-
             Tuberculosis (A15-A19)
25
12
37
-
                Respiratory tuberculosis, not confirmed bacteriologically or histologically (A16)
15
9
24
-
             Other bacterial diseases (A30-A49)
567
599
1 166
0.8
                Streptococcal septicaemia (A40)
15
9
24
-
                Other septicaemia (A41)
519
562
1 081
0.8
                Bacterial infection of unspecified site (A49)
12
14
26
-
             Viral infections of the central nervous system (A80-A89)
20
16
36
-
                Slow virus infections of central nervous system (A81)
15
12
27
-
             Viral infections characterized by skin and mucous membrane lesions (B00-B09)
15
25
40
-
                Zoster (herpes zoster)(B02)
7
16
23
-
             Viral hepatitis (B15-B19)
65
42
107
0.1
                Chronic viral hepatitis (B18)
57
35
92
0.1
             Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (B20-B24)(d)
75
9
84
0.1
             Other viral diseases (B25-B34)
22
23
45
-
                Viral infection of unspecified site (B34)
16
20
36
-
             Sequelae of infectious and parasitic diseases (B90-B94)
107
69
176
0.1
                Sequelae of other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases (B94)
95
53
148
0.1
             Other infectious diseases (B99)
8
15
23
-
                Other and unspecified infectious diseases (B99)
8
15
23
-

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Causes selected are those with 20 or more deaths at the 3 digit level of ICD-10.
(b) Cause of death data for 2007 is subject to revision. See Explanatory Notes 3-4 for further information.
(c) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. It is important to note that cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.
(d) See Explanatory Note 41 for further information on coding of HIV.






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