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4512.0 - Corrective Services, Australia, Sep 2010  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 25/11/2010   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


PERSONS IN CORRECTIVE SERVICES

Based on first day of the month averages, for the September quarter 2010, there were 85,470 persons under the authority of corrective services (excluding those in periodic detention). The total comprised 28,924 persons in full-time custody and 56,546 persons in community-based corrections. This represents no change from the September quarter 2009. Over the same period, persons in full-time custody increased by 1% and persons in community-based corrections decreased by 1% (both 296 persons).


Number of prisoners

During the September quarter 2010, the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia was 28,843 persons. This was an decrease of 2% from the June quarter 2010, and a 1% increase from the September quarter 2009.

PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY, Average daily number per month
Graph: Persons in prison custody, average daily number per month



Number of persons in community-based corrections

Community-based corrections orders are non-custodial orders served under the authority of adult corrective services agencies and include restricted movement, reparations (fine options and community service) and supervision orders (parole, bail, and sentenced probation). In the September quarter 2010, there were 56,546 persons in community-based corrections in Australia based on first day of the month averages, a decrease of less than 1% (95 persons) from the June quarter 2010.

PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month
Graph: PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month



PERSONS IN CUSTODY

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the September quarter 2010 average daily imprisonment rate was 168 prisoners per 100,000 adult population, a decrease of 2% from the September quarter 2009. The Northern Territory had the highest imprisonment rate (665 prisoners per 100,000 adult population), followed by Western Australia (268) and New South Wales (183).

The Australian Capital Territory and Victoria had the lowest imprisonment rates (76 and 107 prisoners per 100,000 adult population respectively).

The Australian Capital Territory recorded the largest proportional increase in imprisonment rates from the September quarter 2009 (27%). The largest proportional decrease over the same period was recorded in Tasmania (5%).

AVERAGE DAILY IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average daily imprisonment rate, by state and territory



Sex

Of the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia in the September quarter 2010, 26,723 (93%) were male and 2,120 (7%) were female. The average daily imprisonment rate for males was 314 prisoners per 100,000 adult male population; 13 times more than the rate for females (24 female prisoners per 100,000 adult female population).


Type of full-time custody

The average daily number of prisoners in secure prison custody in the September quarter 2010 was 22,557 (78% of prisoners in full-time custody). Open prison custody comprised 6,287 prisoners (22%).

All prisoners in the Australian Capital Territory are in secure prison custody. Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania had the next highest proportions of prisoners in secure custody with 90% each; followed by Victoria (89%).


Legal status

The average number of prisoners in full-time custody on the first day of each month in the September quarter 2010 was 28,924, comprising an average of 22,487 (78%) sentenced and 6,437 (22%) unsentenced prisoners. Sentenced prisoners decreased by less than 1% from the previous quarter and increased by 2% from the September quarter 2009.

Unsentenced prisoners decreased by 6% from the previous quarter and by 1% from the September quarter 2009. The Australian Capital Territory and South Australia had the highest proportions of unsentenced prisoners (37% and 34% respectively). The lowest proportions of unsentenced prisoners were recorded in Victoria and Western Australia (18% and 16% respectively).

PROPORTION OF UNSENTENCED PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY (a), Per month
Graph: Unsentenced persons in prison custody, proportion per month



Sentenced prisoner receptions

There were 7,820 sentenced prisoner receptions into full-time custody in Australia in the September quarter 2010; an increase of 5% (393) from the June quarter 2010 and an increase of 1% (111) from the September quarter 2009.


Periodic detention

Periodic detention is a form of custody or order where a sentenced prisoner is required to be held in custody on a part-time basis. This type of custody order is currently only used in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. This program has ceased in New South Wales from October 2010.

During the September quarter 2010 there was an average daily number of 668 persons in New South Wales and 53 persons in the Australian Capital Territory held in periodic detention. The rate of imprisonment for periodic detainees decreased by 14% in New South Wales, and by 2% in the Australian Capital Territory from the June quarter 2010.


Federal prisoners

In the September quarter 2010, there were 804 federal sentenced prisoners in Australia based on first day of the month figures, an increase of 9% from the September quarter 2009. Just over half (411) of the federal prisoners were sentenced in New South Wales.


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners

The average daily number of full-time Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adult prisoners in Australia in the September quarter 2010 was 7,467, comprising 6,835 (92%) males and 633 (8%) females. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners represented 26% of the total full-time prisoner population in the September quarter 2010, decreasing by 2% from the June quarter 2010. The total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population aged 18 years and over at 31 December 2010 was 2% of the Australian population.

Nearly 77% of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoner population was located in the states of New South Wales (2,244), Western Australia (1,818) and Queensland (1,670).

The national average daily Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate in the September quarter 2010 was 2,267 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, a decrease of 2% from both the previous quarter and from the September quarter 2009.

AVERAGE DAILY ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, per month


Different age profiles of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous population can affect the imprisonment rate numbers. The quarterly collection is unable to take age into account; however, data from the Prisoner Census collection can provide this level of detail.

The national age standardised Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate from the annual Prisoner Census conducted at September 2009 was 14 times higher (1,891 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population) than the rate for non-Indigenous persons (136 per 100,000 adult non-Indigenous population). Further information on the comparison of imprisonment rates between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous populations can be found in Prisoners in Australia, 2009 (cat.no.4517.0).

The highest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia (4,021 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population), followed by South Australia (2,581) and New South Wales (2,372). The lowest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Tasmania (586), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (1,247).

AVERAGE DAILY ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, by state and territory


The largest proportional increase in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate from the September quarter 2009 was recorded in the Australian Capital Territory (37%), followed by Victoria (11%). New South Wales (5%), Western Australia (4%) and South Australia (2%) recorded the largest proportional decreases over the same period.


PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the rate of persons in community-based corrections was 328 persons per 100,000 adult population for the September quarter 2010 based on first day of the month figures. This was a decrease of 3% from the September quarter 2009 (339 persons per 100,000 adults). The largest decrease from the September quarter 2009 was recorded in Western Australia (14%), while the largest increase was recorded in Tasmania (15%).

COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, per month


COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, by state and territory



Sex

Of the average number of persons in community-based corrections in Australia in the September quarter 2010, 46,127 (82%) were male and 10,354 (18%) were female.

In the September quarter 2010, the rate of community-based corrections for males was 543 per 100,000 adult male population compared to 119 females per 100,000 adult female population. The community-based corrections rate for males was more than four times that of females.


Type of orders

In the September quarter 2010, there were 11,953 persons on parole following a period of imprisonment, an increase of less than 1% from the June quarter 2010. Three states accounted for over 80% of persons serving parole orders: New South Wales (4,255 or 36%), Queensland (4,312 persons or 36%), and Victoria (1,530 or 13%). The largest proportional decrease in parole orders from the June quarter 2010 was recorded in Western Australia (9%).

For this same period, there were 34,229 persons under sentenced probation and 10,188 persons serving community service orders; a decrease of less than 1% and 3% from the June quarter 2010, respectively.


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