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4512.0 - Corrective Services, Australia, June 2012 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 13/09/2012   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


PERSONS IN CORRECTIVE SERVICES

Based on first day of the month averages, for the June quarter 2012 there were 29,557 persons in full-time custody and 54,244 persons in community-based corrections. This comprises an increase of 593 persons (2%) in full-time custody from the June quarter 2011, and a decrease of 365 persons (1%) in community-based corrections for the same period. This represents an increase of 228 persons (less than 1%) in corrective services from the June quarter 2011.


Number of prisoners

During the June quarter 2012, the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia was 29,482 persons. This was an increase of 179 persons (1%) from the March quarter 2012.

PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY, Average daily number per month
Graph: Persons in prison custody, average daily number per month



Number of persons in community-based corrections

Community-based corrections orders are non-custodial orders served under the authority of adult corrective services agencies and include restricted movement, reparations (fine options and community service) and supervision orders (parole, bail, and sentenced probation). In the June quarter 2012, there were 54,244 persons in community-based corrections in Australia based on first day of the month averages, an increase of 481 persons (1%) from the March quarter 2012.

PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month
Graph: PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month



PERSONS IN CUSTODY

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the June quarter 2012 average daily imprisonment rate was 169 prisoners per 100,000 adult population, an increase of 2% from the June quarter 2011. The Northern Territory had the highest imprisonment rate (835 prisoners per 100,000 adult population), followed by Western Australia (269) and New South Wales (173).

The Australian Capital Territory and Victoria had the lowest imprisonment rates (96 and 113 prisoners per 100,000 adult population respectively).

The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory recorded the largest proportional increases in imprisonment rates from the June quarter 2011 (12% and 11% respectively). The only proportional decrease over the same period was recorded in New South Wales (3%).

AVERAGE DAILY IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average daily imprisonment rate, by state and territory



Sex

Of the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2012, 27,336 (93%) were male and 2,146 (7%) were female. The average daily imprisonment rate for males was 318 prisoners per 100,000 adult male population; 13 times more than the rate for females (24 female prisoners per 100,000 adult female population).


Type of full-time custody

The average daily number of prisoners in secure prison custody in the June quarter 2012 was 22,917 (78% of prisoners in full-time custody). Open prison custody comprised 6,566 prisoners (22%).

The Australian Capital Territory had the highest proportion of prisoners in secure custody (96%), followed by Tasmania (93%), Queensland and South Australia (both 90%).


Legal status

The average number of prisoners in full-time custody on the first day of each month in the June quarter 2012 was 29,557, comprising an average of 22,493 (76%) sentenced and 7,064 (24%) unsentenced prisoners. Sentenced prisoners increased by 1% from the previous quarter and increased by 2% from the June quarter 2011.

Unsentenced prisoners increased by less than 1% (7) from the March quarter 2012 and increased by 2% (108) from the June quarter 2011. The Australian Capital Territory and South Australia had the highest proportions of unsentenced prisoners (34% and 32% respectively). The lowest proportions of unsentenced prisoners were recorded in Victoria, Western Australia and Tasmania (all 20%).

PROPORTION OF UNSENTENCED PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY (a), Per month
Graph: Unsentenced persons in prison custody, proportion per month



Sentenced prisoner receptions

There were 8,196 sentenced prisoner receptions into full-time custody in Australia in the June quarter 2012; an increase of 1% (47) from the March quarter 2012 and an increase of 12% (855) from the June quarter 2011.


Periodic detention

Periodic detention is a form of custody or order where a sentenced prisoner is required to be held in custody on a part-time basis. This type of custody order is currently only used in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. This program has ceased in New South Wales from October 2010, but some prisoners are still undertaking pre-existing sentences.

During the June quarter 2012 there was an average daily number of 22 persons in New South Wales and 52 persons in the Australian Capital Territory held in periodic detention. The rate of imprisonment for periodic detainees decreased by 56% in New South Wales from the March quarter 2012 (from 0.9 to 0.4 per 100,000 adult population), and decreased by 16% in the Australian Capital Territory (from 21 to 18 per 100,000 adult population).


Federal prisoners

In the June quarter 2012, there were 967 federal sentenced prisoners in Australia based on first day of the month figures, an increase of 11% from the June quarter 2011 and an increase of 2% from the March quarter 2012. Just under half (449) of the federal prisoners were sentenced in New South Wales.

The two states with the largest increase in numbers over the twelve months to the June quarter 2012 were New South Wales 34 persons (8%) and Queensland 33 persons (31%).


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners

The average daily number of full-time Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adult prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2012 was 7,946, comprising 7,223 (91%) males and 723 (9%) females. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males in custody increased 3% (226 persons) and females 16% (99 persons) from the June quarter 2011. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners represented 27% of the total full-time prisoner population in the June quarter 2012, the same proportion as for the March quarter 2012. The total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population aged 18 years and over at 30 June 2011 was 2% of the Australian population.

Three states accounted for approximately 73% of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoner population: New South Wales (2,172), Western Australia (1,965) and Queensland (1,668).

The national average daily Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate in the June quarter 2012 was 2,268 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population, an increase of 1% from the previous quarter and an increase of 1% from the June quarter 2011.

AVERAGE DAILY ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, per month


The imprisonment rate for males increased from the June quarter 2011 by less than 1% to 4,211 per 100,000 adult male Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. The imprisonment rate for females increased 13% to 405 females per 100,000 adult female Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population over the same period. The imprisonment rate for males is more than 10 times the rate for females.

Different age profiles of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous population can affect imprisonment rate numbers. While this quarterly statistical collection is unable to take age into account, data from the Prisoner Census collection can provide this level of detail.

The national age standardised Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate from the annual Prisoner Census conducted at June 2011 was 14 times higher (1,868 per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population) than the rate for non-Indigenous persons (130 per 100,000 adult non-Indigenous population). Further information on the comparison of imprisonment rates between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous populations can be found in Prisoners in Australia, 2011 (cat. no. 4517.0).

The highest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia (4,105 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners per 100,000 adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population), followed by the Northern Territory (2,741) and South Australia (2,566). The lowest Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate was recorded in Tasmania (538), followed by Victoria (1,523).

AVERAGE DAILY ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, by state and territory


The largest proportional increase in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander imprisonment rate from the June quarter 2011 was recorded in the Australian Capital Territory (31%), followed by Victoria (18%). The largest proportional decreases over the same period were recorded in Tasmania (9%) and New South Wales (7%).

Of the full-time Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoner population 75% (6,012) were sentenced and 25% (1,958) unsentenced in the June quarter 2012. Unsentenced Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners increased 1% (26) from the March quarter 2012, and 5% (89) from the June quarter 2011. Sentenced Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners increased 2% (122) from the March quarter 2012, and 4% (239) from the June quarter 2011.


PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the rate of persons in community-based corrections was 311 persons per 100,000 adult population for the June quarter 2012 based on first day of the month figures. This was a decrease of 1% from the June quarter 2011 (314 persons per 100,000 adults). The largest decreases from the June quarter 2011 were recorded in Western Australia (12%) and the Australian Capital Territory (11%), whilst the largest increase was recorded in Tasmania (11%).

COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, per month


COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, by state and territory



Sex

Based on first day of the month averages, there were 54,244 persons in community-based corrections in Australia in the June quarter 2012, of these 44,396 (82%) were male and 9,802 (18%) were female.

In the June quarter 2012, the rate of community-based corrections for males was 517 per 100,000 adult male population compared to 111 females per 100,000 adult female population. The community-based corrections rate for males was more than four times that of females.


Type of orders

In the June quarter 2012 there were 8,578 persons serving community service orders, a decrease of 718 persons (8%) from the June quarter 2011. The largest decreases in numbers over this period were recorded in New South Wales (357 persons or 11%), Queensland (252 persons or 12%) and South Australia (204 persons or 18%). The largest increase was recorded in Tasmania (224 persons or 24%).

There were 12,461 persons on parole in the June quarter 2012, an increase of 437 persons (4%) from the June quarter 2011. The largest increases in numbers over this period were recorded in Queensland (336 persons or 8%), Victoria (107 persons or 7%) and New South Wales (98 persons or 2%). These three states accounted for approximately 87% of persons serving parole orders. The largest decreases in parole orders from the June quarter 2011 were recorded in Western Australia (72 persons or 16%) and South Australia (38 persons or 4%).


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in community-based corrections

Based on first day of the month averages, the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in community-based corrections for the June quarter was 10,850; an increase of 2% (169 persons) from the previous quarter. The largest proportional increase in the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in community-based corrections from the March quarter was recorded in Tasmania (11% or 25 persons) followed by the Northern Territory (4% or 33 persons). The largest proportional decreases were in the Australian Capital Territory (6% or 10 persons) and South Australia (3% or 30 persons). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders represented 20% of the total number of persons in community-based corrections in the June quarter 2012.

Approximately 75% of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community-based corrections population was located in three states: Queensland (3,434), New South Wales (3,329) and Western Australia (1,408).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Community-Based Corrections, Number on first day of month
Graph: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Community-Based Corrections, Number on first day of month


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, proportion of persons in Community-Based Corrections (a), Per month
Graph: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, proportion of persons in Community-Based Corrections (a), Per month



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