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4512.0 - Corrective Services, Australia, Jun 2010  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 16/09/2010   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


PERSONS IN CORRECTIVE SERVICES

Based on first day of the month averages, for the June quarter 2010, there were 86,023 persons under the authority of corrective services (excluding those in periodic detention). The total comprised 29,361 persons in full-time custody and 56,662 persons in community-based corrections. This represents an increase of 2% (1,323 persons) from the June quarter 2009. Over the same period, persons in full-time custody increased by 4% (1,027 persons) and persons in community-based corrections increased by 1% (296 persons).


Number of prisoners

During the June quarter 2010, the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia was 29,289 persons. This was an increase of 1% from the March quarter 2010, and of 3% from the June quarter 2009.

PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY, Average daily number per month
Graph: Persons in prison custody, average daily number per month



Number of persons in community-based corrections

Community-based corrections orders are non-custodial orders served under the authority of adult corrective services agencies and include restricted movement, reparations (fine options and community service) and supervision orders (parole, bail, and sentenced probation). In the June quarter 2010, there were 56,662 persons in community-based corrections in Australia based on first day of the month averages, a decrease of less than 1% (80 persons) from the March quarter 2010.

PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month
Graph: PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, Average number on the first day of the month



PERSONS IN CUSTODY

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the June quarter 2010 average daily imprisonment rate was 171 prisoners per 100,000 adult population, the same number as in the June quarter 2009. The Northern Territory had the highest imprisonment rate (673 prisoners per 100,000 adult population), followed by Western Australia (278) and New South Wales (188).

The Australian Capital Territory and Victoria had the lowest imprisonment rates (80 and 107 prisoners per 100,000 adult population respectively).

The Australian Capital Territory recorded the largest proportional increase in imprisonment rates from the June quarter 2009 (29%). The largest proportional decrease over the same period was recorded in Tasmania (12%).

AVERAGE DAILY IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average daily imprisonment rate, by state and territory



Sex

Of the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2010, 27,101 (93%) were male and 2,188 (7%) were female. The average daily imprisonment rate for males was 321 prisoners per 100,000 adult male population; almost 13 times more than the rate for females (25 female prisoners per 100,000 adult female population).


Type of full-time custody

The average daily number of prisoners in secure prison custody in the June quarter 2010 was 22,066 (75% of prisoners in full-time custody). Open prison custody comprised 7,223 prisoners (25%).

Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania had the highest proportion of prisoners in secure custody of those in full-time custody (all 90%), followed by Queensland (89%).


Legal status

The average number of prisoners in full-time custody on the first day of each month in the June quarter 2010 was 29,361, comprising an average of 22,535 (77%) sentenced and 6,826 (23%) unsentenced prisoners. Sentenced prisoners increased by 1% from the previous quarter and increased by 4% from the June quarter 2009.

Unsentenced prisoners increased by 3% from both the previous quarter and from the June quarter 2009. The Australian Capital Territory and South Australia had the highest proportions of unsentenced prisoners (43% and 36% respectively). The lowest proportions of unsentenced prisoners were recorded in Western Australia and Victoria (17% and 19% respectively).

PROPORTION OF UNSENTENCED PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY (a), Per month
Graph: Unsentenced persons in prison custody, proportion per month



Sentenced prisoner receptions

There were 7,427 sentenced prisoner receptions into full-time custody in Australia in the June quarter 2010; an increase of 1% (67) from the March quarter 2010, and an decrease of 4% (278) from the June quarter 2009.


Periodic detention

Periodic detention is a form of custody or order where a sentenced prisoner is required to be held in custody on a part-time basis. This type of custody order is only used in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. During the June quarter 2010 there was an average daily number of 776 persons in New South Wales and 54 persons in the Australian Capital Territory held in periodic detention. The rate of imprisonment for periodic detainees decreased by 8% in New South Wales, and by 2% in the Australian Capital Territory from the March quarter 2010.


Federal prisoners

In the June quarter 2010, there were 772 federal sentenced prisoners in Australia based on first day of the month figures, an increase of 10% from the June quarter 2010. More than half (408) of the federal prisoners were sentenced in New South Wales.


Indigenous prisoners

The average daily number of full-time Indigenous adult prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2010 was 7,647, comprising 6,984 (91%) males and 663 (9%) females. Indigenous prisoners represented 26% of the total full-time prisoner population in the June quarter 2010, increasing by less than 1% from the March quarter 2010. The total Indigenous population aged 18 years and over at 30 June 2010 was 2% of the Australian population.

Over 77% of the total Indigenous prisoner population was located in the states of New South Wales (2,310), Western Australia (1,909) and Queensland (1,676).

AVERAGE DAILY INDIGENOUS IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, per month


The national average daily Indigenous imprisonment rate in the June quarter 2010 was 2,321 per 100,000 adult Indigenous population, a increase of less than 1% from the previous quarter, and a 2% increase from the June quarter 2009.

Different age profiles of the Indigenous and non-Indigenous population can affect the imprisonment rate numbers. The quarterly collection is unable to take age into account; however, data from the Prisoner Census collection can provide this level of detail.

The national age standardised Indigenous imprisonment rate from the annual Prisoner Census conducted at June 2009 was 14 times higher (1,891 per 100,000 adult Indigenous population) than the rate for non-Indigenous persons (136 per 100,000 adult non-Indigenous population). Further information on the comparison of imprisonment rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations can be found in Prisoners in Australia, 2009 (cat.no.4517.0).

The highest Indigenous imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia (4,223 Indigenous prisoners per 100,000 adult Indigenous population), followed by South Australia (2,556) and New South Wales (2,442). The lowest Indigenous imprisonment rate was recorded in Tasmania (569), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (1,312).

AVERAGE DAILY INDIGENOUS IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, by state and territory


The largest proportional increase in the Indigenous imprisonment rate from the June quarter 2009 was recorded in the Australian Capital Territory (38%), followed by Victoria (13%). Tasmania (5%), New South Wales (2%) and the Northern Territory (less than 1%) recorded a proportional decrease over the same period.


PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS

Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the rate of persons in community-based corrections was 331 persons per 100,000 adult population for the June quarter 2010 based on first day of the month figures. This was a decrease of 2% from the June quarter 2009 (338 persons per 100,000 adults). The largest increase from the June quarter 2009 was recorded in Tasmania (17%), while the largest decrease was recorded in Western Australia (11%).

COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, per month


COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, by state and territory



Sex

Of the average number of persons in community-based corrections in Australia in the June quarter 2010, 46,208 (82%) were male and 10,388 (18%) were female.

In the June quarter 2010, the rate of community-based corrections for males was 547 per 100,000 adult male population compared to 120 females per 100,000 adult female population. The community-based corrections rate for males was more than four times that of females.


Type of orders

In the June quarter 2010, there were 11,909 persons on parole following a period of imprisonment, a decrease of 2% from the March quarter 2010. Three states accounted for over 80% of persons serving parole orders: New South Wales (4,253 or 36%), Queensland (4,189 persons or 35%), and Victoria (1,544 or 13%). The largest proportional decrease in parole orders from the March quarter 2010 was recorded in Western Australia (16%).

For this same period, there were 34,409 persons under sentenced probation and 10,520 persons serving community service orders; respectively an increase of 1% and a decrease of 1% from the March quarter 2010.


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