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4512.0 - Corrective Services, Australia, Jun 2008 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/09/2008   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


PERSONS IN CORRECTIVE SERVICES

Based on first day of the month averages, for the June quarter 2008, there were 81,502 persons under the authority of corrective services (excluding those in periodic detention). The total comprised 26,640 persons in full-time custody and 54,862 persons in community-based corrections. This represents an increase of 4% (2,844 persons) from the June quarter 2007. Over the same period, persons in full-time custody increased by 1% (214 persons) and persons in community-based corrections increased by 5% (2,630 persons).



PERSONS IN CUSTODY

Number of prisoners

PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY, Average daily number per month
Graph: Persons in prison custody, average daily number per month



The average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2008 was 26,677. This was an increase of 1% on the March quarter 2008, and of less than 1% on the June quarter 2007.



Rates per 100,000 adults

AVERAGE DAILY IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average daily imprisonment rate, by state and territory



Nationally, the June quarter 2008 average daily imprisonment rate was 164 prisoners per 100,000 adult population, a decrease of 1% from the June quarter 2007 (166 prisoners). The Northern Territory had the highest imprisonment rate (590 prisoners per 100,000 adult population), followed by Western Australia (230) and New South Wales (182).


The Australian Capital Territory (including Australian Capital Territory prisoners held in New South Wales prisons) and Victoria had the lowest imprisonment rates (69 and 103 prisoners per 100,000 adult population respectively).


The largest proportional increase in imprisonment rates from the June quarter 2007 was recorded in the Australian Capital Territory (including Australian Capital Territory prisoners held in New South Wales prisons) (10%). The largest proportional decrease over the same period was recorded in Queensland (5%).



Sex

Of the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2008, 24,803 (93%) were male and 1,875 (7%) were female. The average daily imprisonment rate for males was 310 prisoners per 100,000 adult male population, while for females it was 23 prisoners per 100,000 adult female population. Males were almost 14 times more likely to be in prison than females.



Indigenous Prisoners

The average daily number of full-time Indigenous adult prisoners in Australia in the June quarter 2008 was 6,605, comprising 6,042 (91%) males and 564 (9%) females. Over 75% of the total Indigenous prisoner population was located in New South Wales (2,070), Western Australia (1,530) and Queensland (1,511).

AVERAGE DAILY INDIGENOUS IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, per month



The national average daily Indigenous imprisonment rate in the June quarter 2008 was 2,190 per 100,000 adult Indigenous population, an increase of 2% from the previous quarter and a decrease of 1% from the June quarter 2007.


The highest Indigenous imprisonment rate was recorded in Western Australia (3,505 Indigenous prisoners per 100,000 adult Indigenous population), followed by South Australia (2,444) and New South Wales (2,413). The lowest Indigenous imprisonment rate was recorded in Tasmania (603), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (823).

AVERAGE DAILY INDIGENOUS IMPRISONMENT RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Average Daily Indigenous imprisonment rate, by state and territory



The largest proportional increase in the Indigenous imprisonment rate from the June quarter 2007 was recorded in South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory (including Australian Capital Territory prisoners held in New South Wales prisons), (both 8%). Western Australia recorded the largest proportional decrease (7%) over the same period.


Different age profiles of the Indigenous and non-Indigenous population can affect the imprisonment rate numbers. The quarterly collection is unable to take age into account; however, data from the Prisoner Census collection can provide this level of detail.


The national age standardised Indigenous imprisonment rate from the annual Prisoner Census conducted at June 2007 was over 13 times higher (1,787 per 100,000 adult Indigenous population) than the rate for non-Indigenous persons (134 per 100,000 adult non-Indigenous population). Further information on the comparison of imprisonment rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations can be found in Prisoners in Australia 2007 (cat.no.4517.0).



Type of full-time custody

The average daily number of prisoners in secure prison custody in the June quarter 2008 was 20,600 (77% of prisoners in full-time custody). Open prison custody comprised 6,078 (23%) prisoners.


In the June quarter 2008, all prisoners held in full-time custody in the Australian Capital Territory were in secure custody. Of the other states and territories, Victoria and South Australia had the highest proportion of prisoners in secure custody (both 90%), followed by Queensland and Tasmania (both 89%). New South Wales (including Australian Capital Territory prisoners held in New South Wales prisons) had the lowest proportion of prisoners in secure full-time custody (64%).



Legal status

The average number of prisoners in full-time custody on the first day of each month in the June quarter 2008 was 26,640, comprising an average of 20,158 (76%) sentenced and 6,482 (24%) unsentenced prisoners. Sentenced prisoners increased by 1% from the previous quarter and decreased by less than 1% from the June quarter 2007.


The average number of unsentenced prisoners on the first day of the month increased by 2% from the previous quarter and increased by 5% from the June quarter 2007. The Australian Capital Territory (including Australian Capital Territory prisoners held in New South Wales prisons) and South Australia had the highest proportions of unsentenced prisoners (48% and 34% respectively). The lowest proportions of unsentenced prisoners were recorded in Victoria and Western Australia (both 20%).

UNSENTENCED PERSONS IN PRISON CUSTODY, Proportion per month
Graph: Unsentenced persons in prison custody, proportion per month




Sentenced Prisoner Receptions

There were 7,439 sentenced prisoner receptions into full-time custody in Australia in the June quarter 2008. The number of sentenced receptions increased by 554 (8%) from the March quarter 2008, and by 738 (11%) from the June quarter 2007.



Periodic detention

Periodic detention is a form of custody or order where a sentenced prisoner is required to be held in custody on a part-time basis. This type of custody order is only used in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. During the June quarter 2008, there was an average daily number of 692 persons in New South Wales and 61 persons in the Australian Capital Territory held in periodic detention. The rate of imprisonment for periodic detainees decreased by 2% in New South Wales, and increased by 43% in the Australian Capital Territory from the March quarter 2008.



Federal prisoners

In the June quarter 2008, there were 684 federal prisoners in Australia, an increase of 6 (36%) from the June quarter 2007. More than half (393) of all federal prisoners were sentenced in New South Wales.



PERSONS IN COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS

Community-based corrections orders are non-custodial orders served under the authority of adult corrective services agencies and include restricted movement, fine option, community service, parole, bail, and sentenced probation. Quarterly averages are based on first day of the month figures. In the June quarter 2008, there were 54,862 persons in community-based corrections in Australia, an increase of 1% (677 persons) from the March quarter 2008 and of 5% (2,630 persons) from the June quarter 2007.



Sex

Of the average number of persons in community-based corrections in Australia in the June quarter 2008, 44,648 (81%) were male and 10,128 (18%) were female.



Rates per 100,000 adults

Nationally, the rate of persons in community-based corrections was 337 persons per 100,000 adult population for the June quarter 2008. This was an increase of 3% from the June quarter 2007 (327 persons per 100,000 adults). The largest increase from the June quarter 2007 was recorded in the Australian Capital Territory (15%). The largest decrease was recorded in the Northern Territory (5%).

COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), Per month
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, per month
COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS RATE(a), By states and territories
Graph: Community-based corrections rate, by state and territory



In the June quarter 2008, the rate of community-based corrections for males was 557 per 100,000 adult male population compared to 123 females per 100,000 adult female population. Males were almost five times more likely to be in community-based corrections than females.



Type of orders

In the June quarter 2008, there were 11,857 persons serving parole orders following a period of imprisonment, an increase of 3% from the March quarter 2008. Three states accounted for more than three quarters (79%) of persons serving parole orders: New South Wales (4,180 persons), Queensland (3,655) and Victoria (1,495). The largest proportional increase in parole orders from the March quarter 2008 was recorded in Tasmania (11%), followed by Queensland (7%), and Northern Territory (6%).


For this same period, there were 33,631 persons under sentenced probation and 9,911 persons serving community service orders.


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