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Prisoners in Australia (4517.0)
On 23 December 2004 the ABS released Prisoners in Australia 2004, with indicators on the characteristics of prisoners, sentence lengths and offences for which offenders are imprisoned. The publication provides a basis for measuring change in this population over time.
At 30 June 2004, there were 24,171 prisoners in Australia, an increase of 3% since 30 June 2003. The median aggregate sentence length was 3.2 years and the median expected time to serve was two years.
Almost 60% of male prisoners and 50% of female prisoners are known to have prior imprisonment.
The prisoner population in Australia has increased by more than 40% over the decade to June 2004, higher than the 15% growth in the Australian adult population in the same period.
The female prisoner population doubled to 1,672 over the decade, whilst the male prison population increased by 40% to 22,499 during the same time.
Overall, the adult imprisonment rate increased from 127 to 157 prisoners per 100,000 adult population over the decade to June 2004.
Other changes in the prison population for the 1994-2004 period include:
Criminal Courts Australia (4513.0)
On 11 February 2005, the ABS released Criminal Courts, Australia 2003-04, providing a picture of the characteristics of defendants dealt with by the Higher (Supreme and Intermediate) and Magistrates' Criminal Courts, including information on offences and sentence types. Information on the characteristics of defendants finalised in the criminal jurisdiction of the Magistrates’ Courts is presented in the main suite of the publication for the first time. Previously, these data were experimental and included as an Appendix.
There were more than half a million (544,689) defendants finalised in the Higher Criminal Courts and Magistrates' Criminal Courts in 2003-04:
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