The preliminary estimated resident population of Australia for the year ended December 1999 was 19,080,800 persons. The population increased by 59,400 persons in the December quarter and 229,600 persons in the year ended December 1999.
The national growth rate during the year ended December 1999 was 1.2% compared with 1.3% for the year ended December 1998. Queensland had the highest growth rate (1.6%) while Tasmania had negative growth (-0.2%).
Preliminary net overseas migration remained constant in the year ended December 1999 (111,200), when compared with the year ended December 1998 (111,600). Over the past 12 months, net permanent migration increased by 3%, net long-term migration increased by 32% and category jumping fell 66%. Natural increase for the year ended December 1999 was 118,400 persons, a decline of 2,900 persons when compared with the year ended December 1998.
Negative net interstate migration in the six months to December 1999 for Western Australia resulted in a small positive gain for the calendar year. Victoria recorded a net interstate migration gain in 1999.
For more details, see Australian Demographic Statistics, December Quarter 1999 (Cat. No. 3101.0).