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VICTORIA - EXPENDITURE ON GOVERNMENT AID TO MINING (TO END OF YEAR 1910)
The repayments by companies of the loans advanced amounted on the same date to £17,851, and by parties of miners to £1977. A sum of £5292 has been repaid for part of the cost of boring, and also hire of plant and loss of diamonds. Several companies have discontinued operations, and their security in the way of plant was taken possession of and sold for a total of £13,956. The amount of loans was, however, £30,626. and thus a loss of £16,670 was incurred.
Special assistance granted to the mining industry in this State may be conveniently dealt with under the headings specified below: - Assistance to prospectors Assistance is granted in connection with sinking wells and providing equipment or rations for small parties of miners, and in some cases for prospecting or developing lodes Such assistance is granted directly by the Minister, sometimes to a local authority, sometimes through the warden, and sometimes to miners or progress associations.
(ii.) Grants for Roads amid Bridges to Gold and Mineral Fields. These grants are made either for the purpose of repairing existing roads and bridges or of constructing new ones; they are made with Executive approval, generally to local authorities.
(iii.) Loans in aid of Deep Sinking. These loans are made with the approval of the Executive in order to prove lodes at a depth or for diamond drilling.
(iv.) The Mining Machinery Advances Act 1906. Under this Act loans may be made for (a) procuring and erecting machinery for carrying operations, or (6) procuring, erecting, or removing and re-erecting plant for treating minerals. Loans are granted by the Minister on the approval of the Governor in Council, interest at a rate not exceeding 5 per cent. per annum being charged. There is no limit to the amount which may be advanced, but the borrower must contribute £1 for £1. towards the work for which the maim is granted. The borrower must also a bill of sale or mortgage over the machinery or property, but the moneys advanced are not recoverable against the borrower personally, but only against the secured property.
(v) Amounts Granted or Advanced, 1910. The total amount granted or advanced under the several systems above mentioned to the end of 1910 was as follows
QUEENSLAND - PARTICULARS OF AMOUNTS GRANTED OR ADVANCED,1910
In addition special sums are occasionally granted or advanced us certain cases for example, in 1908 sums of £2460 and £306 were advanced for the purposes of oil boring and coal prospecting, respectively: while in 1910, there was a special allowance of £3506 for boring for coal.
5. South Australia
By regulations made in February, 1894, and amended in January, 1899, under Part VI. of the Mining Act of 1893, provision is made for State aid to mining by way of (i.) Rewards to discoverers, (ii.) subsides, and (iii.) loan of boring plant.
(i.) Rewards to Discoverers. Rewards may be paid to the discoverer (being the holder of a minors right ) of any new mineral district, or of any new and valuable deposits of metals, minerals, coal, or oil. The amount of the reward depends upon the distance of the discovery train the nearest payable mineral deposits already worked, and upon the number of men employed on the dew field within six months after the report of the discovery has been made; the reward may not in any case exceed £1000. No rewards have yet been granted.
(ii.) Subsidies. Applications for subsidies may be made by any person engaged in deep sinking, prospecting, or mining. No subsidy may exceed 100 per cent. on she amount proposed to be expended by the applicant, and the total grant to any one person or company may not exceed £1000. Fifty per cent, of the net profits must be applied in payment of the subsidy, and a bill of sale of all chattels belonging to the applicant and used in connection with the mine must be executed. If an applicant for assistance is mining on private land, the granting of a subsidy is subject to additional conditions. The total amount advanced by subsidies up to the 30th June, 1911, was £53,822 while the total repayments to date amounted to £6112. Portion of the outstanding debit is represented by machinery that has fallen into the hands of the Government.
(iii.) Loan of Boring Plant. The regulations also provide for the loan of diamond drills. There are two Government boring plants in South Australia, the capital expenditure thereon up to the 30th June, 1909, amounting to £6057.
(iv.) Government Batteries and Cyaniding Plants. There are four Government batteries amid cyanide works in South Australia, the capital cost thereof amounting to £14319. Up to the end of the year 1910 the total quantity of are treated by these plants amounted to 18,338 tons, from which 15,207 ounces of gold, valued at £55,669, were extracted.
6. Northern Territory
In the Northern Territory, Government assistance in the form of free rations is granted to prospectors and free assays are made. There are three Government boring plants, and two batteries and cyanide plants (both the latter being situated in the Macdonnell Ranges)’. The total amount of ores treated at the batteries up to the end of 1910 was 11,349 tons, from which 14,067 ounces of gold, valued at £52,133, were recovered.
7. Western Australia
In this State, Government aid to mining is provided both under the Mining Development Act 1902 and under a more general vote for developmental purposes. A large amount of general developmental work has been carried out by the Government, particularly in regard to water supply; particulars of the eastern goldfields water supply scheme may be found in the section of this book dealing with Water Conservation and Irrigation (see Section XIV. § 1). The Act of 1902, referred to above, is in many respects similar to the Victorian Act of 1896, its chief provisions may conveniently be considered under she headings indicated below.
(i.) Advances to Prospectors. The Minister may, alter obtaining a report from a professional officer, grant a loan not exceeding £300 to any miner who applies for assistance to enable him to prospect for gold or minerals. An applicant must furnish the necessary descriptions, statements, and information, verified by statutory declarations, and for every £1 advanced the borrower must expend £1 in work, labour, or material.
(ii.) Advances for Pioneer Mining. The purposes for which, and the conditions upon, which, advances may be made are similar to those specified under Part 1 of the Victorian Act of 1890 (see 3 ii. above); the amount advanced to coy one borrower is limited to £1000.
(iii.) Establishment of Testing Plants. Plant for crushing, ore dressing, cyaniding, or smelting may either be established by the Minister or ho may subsidise companies who are willing to erect and work such plant for the public at prescribed rates. Any such plant may only be erected in a district (a) in which large deposits of ore exist, (b) where existing plant for treating deposits in bulk at reasonable rates is not available, and (c) where the establishment of such plant is necessary for the development of mining.
In 1910 there were thirty-four State batteries and thirty-four cyanide plants in operations ; there were also five slime plants and two tin dressing plants. The total amount expended on the erection of State batteries up to the end of 1910 was £91,982 from revenue, and £192,319 from loan, giving a total of £284,301. During the year receipts amounted to £75,975, and working expenditure to £77,458.
The total value of gold and tin recovered to the end of 1910 at the State plants was £3,480,671, resulting from the treatment of 784,407 tons of gold ore and 45.492 tons of tin ore.
(iv.) Assistance for Boring. Subject to certain conditions the Minister may agree to pay not more than half the cost of boring either for gold, minerals. or water, and with the approval of the Governor and after receiving a report from the proper officer that such boring is in the general interest of the Stare, he may pay the whole cost.
(v.) Miscellaneous. The Minister may advance or himself expend moneys (a) to drain any area, (b) to assist mining by sinking or cross-cutting, (c) to sink shafts for minerals at great depths, and (d) to provide means of transport for miners to prospect unproved country.
(vi.) Particulars of Advances, 1910. The following statement shows the sums advanced during the year 1910 under provisions of the Mining Development Act:
WESTERN AUSTRALIA. - ADVANCES MADE IN 1910 UNDER MINING DEVELOPMENT ACT, 1902
In addition to the above, amounts totalling 1620 were expended from the Mining Development Vote on various matters, such as water supply, roads, subsides to assist cartage of ore, drainage, timber tramways, and subsides for development work done below 100 feet level in small mines. Subsides to the extent of 1240 were paid to private crushing plants, the condition being that they crush for the public at fixed rates. The receipts under the Mining Development Act, exclusive of interest payments, amounted to 2333 for refunds of advances. 141 for sales of plant, and 728 miscellaneous - a total of 3202.
In Tasmania provision is made for State Aid to mining under the Deep-Sinking Encouragement Acts 1899, 1900 and 1901. Under these Acts sums of 5000,2000 and 1000 respectively were provided for assisting persons and companies to sink shafts or to drive tunnels below a specified depth, the amount advanced in any particular case varying according to the amount expended by the borrower. The total amount advanced to October, 1909, was 6861, granted to five companies in sums ranging from 682 to 1452, leaving an unexpected balance of 1139. None of the companies to whom the advances were made has been successful, and consequently none of the sums advanced, which were to be repaid out of profits, has been refunded. A sum of 200 was placed on the expended on the £ for £ principle, not exceeding 50 in any one case.
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