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Occupation of training participants
Some 30% of completed courses were undertaken by the broad occupation group Professionals, 19% by Intermediate clerical, sales and service workers, and 14% by Associate professionals. This pattern is similar to that in 1997, when the corresponding figures were 32%, 19% and 12% respectively. Only 3% of courses were undertaken by Advanced clerical and service workers, and 4% by Labourers and related workers, unchanged from 1997.
Over the period 1997 to 2001, the number of training course completions increased for each of the broad occupation groups, but most notably for those wage or salary earners who were employed as Elementary clerical, sales and service workers (33%) and Associate professionals (27%) (graph 10.21). In comparison, training course completions by Professionals and Advanced clerical and service workers both increased by 7%.
Industry of trainees
In 2001, 15% of training course completions were by people employed in Health and community services and a further 14% by those employed in Education, little change from 1997 when the corresponding figures were 15% for both these industries. Between 1997 and 2001, training course completions increased most notably for people employed in Cultural and recreational services (54%), Construction (54%) and Accommodation, cafes and restaurants (48%). However, over the same period, training course completions by those wage and salary earners in Wholesale trade fell by 16%, and there were small declines also in Agriculture, forestry and fishing (5%), Mining (3%) and Manufacturing (2%) (graph 10.22).
Field of training
In 2001, 41% of all training course completions were in the Management and professional, and Technical and para-professional fields (compared to 43% in 1997). The incidence of Health and safety training courses increased from 12% (of all training courses completed in 1997) to 17% in 2001 (table 10.23), largely due to a 63% increase in the number of training courses completed in this field between 1997 and 2001.
Duration of training courses
In 2001, 60% of training courses completed were less than 10 hours in length and 18% were between 10 and 19 hours (table 10.23). Only 9% of training courses were of 40 hours or more duration. Since 1997, there has been a 26% increase in the number of courses of less than 10 hours, while the number of those of duration 10 hours or more has remained constant. As a consequence, the average duration of work-related training courses completed by wage or salary earners fell from 20.6 hours in 1997 to 17.4 hours in 2001.
Method of training delivery
In 2001, 82% of training course completions were delivered mainly by classroom instruction, lecture, seminar, workshop or conferences. The predominance of this method of training delivery reflects the importance of the formalised nature of training for workers and a training environment that provides for interactions between the participant and the trainer. By comparison, less people-interactive delivery methods of reading materials, audio or video cassette, and computer disk or CD-ROM each accounted for a further 4% of courses completed.
Training costs and support
In 2001, 77% of training courses were completed solely in work time and a further 7% were partly completed in work time. Men more frequently completed training courses in work time than did women (82% and 72% respectively) (table 10.24).
Only 7% of training courses completed had some cost to the participant, much the same as in 1997 (8%). However, for those courses which did incur a cost, the average cost of $272 was slightly higher than in 1997 ($243). For men, the average cost of training courses was $374 while for women it was $199. The corresponding figures for 1997 were $317 and $200.
Some 92% of all training course completions were supported by the employer in some way. That support was most frequently provided as in-house training courses. The proportion of training courses where the employer provided paid study leave more than doubled since 1997 - 13% of all training courses compared to 6% in 1997.
Training course outcomes
For 89% of training course completions, participants considered that the skills gained would be transferable; that is, they could be used in a similar job with another employer. Also, some 8% of training course completions are believed to have helped the participant obtain a pay rise or promotion.
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 1998, Education and Training Experience, 1997, cat. no. 6278.0, ABS, Canberra.
ABS 2002, Education and Training Experience, 2001, cat. no. 6278.0, ABS, Canberra.
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