ATTENDANCE AT SPORTS EVENTS
The staging of sports events generates important economic benefits, as well as contributing to a sense of community identity and culture. A range of ABS data can be used to estimate income and expenditure associated with sports events. For example, Australian households spent $271.1m on Spectator admission fees to sport in 1998-99 (see Expenditure by households ). In addition, sports industries earned $346.5m from Admission charges in 2000-01, although this could include admission for participation as well as attendance (see Industries). The Sydney 2000 Olympic and Paralympic Games organising committees earned $642m in Admission charges for these major events during 2000-01.
This chapter provides data on the number and characteristics of persons attending sporting events. The information draws on a number of data sources that are briefly discussed below.
The General Social Survey (GSS) collected sports attendance data during March to July 2002 from persons aged 18 years and over, and used the same questions as those asked in the Survey of Sports Attendance. Attendance data from the GSS has been published in Sports Attendance, Australia, 2002 (cat. no. 4174.0).
The Survey of Sports Attendance was run as a supplement to the Monthly Labour Force Survey in 1995 and 1999 and asked persons aged 15 years and over about their attendance at sports events in the previous 12 months. Data from this survey has been published in editions of Sports Attendance, Australia (cat. no. 4174.0).
The 1998 Survey of Disability Ageing and Carers obtained information regarding whether persons aged 5 years and over with a disability had attended a sports event away from home in the previous 12 months. Data from this survey has been published in Disability, Ageing and Carers: Summary of Findings, Australia, 1998 (cat. no. 4430.0).
The Bureau of Tourism Research regularly collects information from overseas visitors and Australian residents aged 15 years and over, including data relating to the purpose of their trip and whether they attended a sports event during their visit. Data from the 2002 surveys are included in this chapter. Results are published on a quarterly and calendar year basis in the following publications:
Travel by Australians - Results of the National Visitor Survey
Travel by Australians - Quarterly Results of the National Visitor Survey
International Visitors in Australia - Results of the International Visitor Survey
International Visitors in Australia - Quarterly Results of the International Visitor Survey.
The Time Use Survey, conducted in 1992 and 1997, collected detailed information about the daily activity patterns of persons in Australia aged 15 years and over. Data from this survey have been published in editions of How Australians Use Their Time (cat no. 4153.0) and Time Use on Culture/Leisure Activities, 1997 (cat. no. 4173.0).
When comparing data from different sources it is important to take into consideration the scope and methodology of the surveys. These issues are noted throughout the chapter where such comparisons are made.