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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 15/06/2004   
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UNEMPLOYMENT RATES BY LEVEL OF ATTAINMENT AND GENDER OF 25-64 YEAR OLDS
Below upper secondary education


Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education
Tertiary non-University education


University education


All levels of education


Reference year
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females

%
Country
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%

Australia
2001
8.1
7.0
4.5
5.2
4.5
3.9
2.5
2.6
5.2
5.1
Canada
2001
10.2
10.2
6.2
6.2
4.8
4.5
4.4
4.4
6.2
5.8
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
France
2001
9.7
14.4
5.1
9.3
4.3
5.0
4.1
5.6
6.2
9.8
Greece
2001
4.9
12.3
6.2
15.1
4.9
8.3
4.5
9.6
5.3
12.5
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Italy
2001
6.9
14.0
4.9
9.3
(a)
(a)
3.8
7.2
5.8
10.7
Japan
2001
6.9
4.3
4.8
4.7
3.2
3.8
2.8
3.1
4.4
4.2
Korea (Republic of)
2001
4.3
1.8
3.7
2.7
5.0
3.3
3.2
2.0
3.8
2.3
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
2001
7.4
5.9
3.0
3.6
4.4
2.9
2.8
3.2
4.0
3.9
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Sweden
2001
5.6
6.4
5.0
4.2
3.4
2.5
2.6
2.2
4.5
3.8
United Kingdom
2001
9.4
5.7
4.1
3.7
2.7
1.7
2.0
1.9
4.1
3.4
United States of America
2001
7.5
8.9
4.2
3.4
2.5
2.3
1.9
2.0
3.7
3.3
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Data for Tertiary non-University are included in University education column.
(b) Care should be taken when comparing these data between countries. In any one year, different countries can be at different stages of the economic cycle which is a major influence on unemployment rates.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2003, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators, 2003, OECD, Paris.

LABOUR FORCE
Participation rate of persons aged 15 to 64 years
Reference year
Economically active
population(a)
Reference year
Total
Males
Females(a)

'000

%
Country
%
%

Australia
2002
9,942.7
1999
72.9
82.1
63.9
Canada
2002
16,689.5
2000
76.3
82.1
70.5
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)
2001
737,060.0
1995
85.4
90.1
80.4
France
2002
26,653.1
2000
68.0
74.4
61.7
Greece
2002
4,369.0
1998
62.5
77.1
48.5
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2002
3,487.9
1998
70.0
84.0
55.8
Indonesia
1999
95,793.2
1999
69.6
86.3
53.2
Italy
2001
23,900.0
1999
59.8
74.1
45.5
Japan
2002
66,890.0
2000
72.5
85.2
59.6
Korea (Republic of)
2001
22,181.0
1999
63.9
77.3
50.7
Malaysia
2000
9,616.1
1999
64.3
82.8
44.7
New Zealand
2002
1,972.2
1999
75.2
83.2
67.4
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
1995
79.1
88.7
68.7
Singapore
2002
2,128.5
1998
69.0
82.7
56.3
Sweden
2002
4,421.0
1999
78.5
80.9
76.0
United Kingdom
2002
29,933.9
1999
76.3
84.1
68.4
United States of America
2001
141,815.0
2000
77.2
83.9
70.8
Viet Nam
1989
29,525.5
1995
82.6
86.0
79.4

(a) Participation rates for women are frequently not comparable internationally since, in many countries, relatively large numbers of women assist on farms or in other family enterprises without pay. There are differences between countries in the criteria used to count economically active workers.
(b) Care should be taken when comparing these data between countries. In any one year, different countries can be at different stages of the economic cycle which is a major influence on the labour force.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 1998, 2000, 2001 and 2002; International Labour Office, Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2001-02.


EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT(a)
Reference year
Employment
Reference year
Unemployment
Unemployment rate

'000

'000
Country
%

Australia
2002
9,311.4
2002
631.3
6.3
Canada
2002
15,411.8
2002
1,277.6
7.7
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan Province)(b)
2002
737,400.0
2002
7,700.0
4.0
France
2002
23,942.0
2002
2,341.0
8.9
Greece
2002
3,948.9
2002
420.7
9.6
Hong Kong (SAR of China)
2002
3,232.3
2002
255.5
7.3
Indonesia
2002
91,647.0
2002
9,132.1
9.1
Italy
2002
21,922.0
2002
2,163.0
9.0
Japan
2002
63,300.0
2002
3,590.0
5.4
Korea (Republic of)
2002
22,169.0
2002
708.0
3.1
Malaysia
2002
9,520.8
2002
381.0
3.8
New Zealand
2002
1,876.8
2002
102.5
5.2
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
2002
2,017.4
2002
111.2
5.2
Sweden
2002
4,244.0
2002
176.0
4.0
United Kingdom
2002
28,414.5
2002
1,519.4
5.1
United States of America
2002
136,485.0
2002
8,378.0
5.8
Viet Nam
1997
36,994.0
. .
n.a.
n.a.

(a) For most countries the employed and unemployed populations are aged 15 years and over. However, the age range varies for some countries: China and
Viet Nam - Not specified; Malaysia - 15-64 years; Sweden - 16-64 years; UK and USA - 16 years and over. Definitions also vary in terms of the inclusion or exclusion of certain other segments of the population such as the armed forces.
(b) Employment relates to total economy; unemployment relates to urban areas only.
(c) Care should be taken when comparing these data between countries. In any one year, different countries can be at different stages of the economic cycle which is a major influence on employment and unemployment.

Source: International Labour Office, Year Book of Labour Statistics 2002.



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