THE VALUE OF SPORT AND PHYSICAL RECREATION
The sport and physical recreation sector involves more than just the people who participate or attend. It includes organisations providing sport services, manufacturers and distributors of sporting equipment, professional sports people, and other people who are involved in paid employment or voluntary work within the sector.
This publication presents economic data about sport and physical recreation collected by the ABS. It contains information about the amount people spend on sport and physical recreation; the number of people attending sporting events; the economic activity of businesses, clubs and associations involved in providing sport and physical recreation goods and services; the people who work in sport and physical recreation occupations or industries; and the support provided by volunteers.
The decisions about which data to include in the publication were guided by the ABS (2008a) Australian Culture and Leisure Classifications (ACLC). These contain classifications for culture and leisure industries, products and occupations and includes those relating to sport and physical recreation.
ABS data relating to industries, products and occupations are compiled using ABS standard classifications. The ABS (2008b) Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) is used in ABS collections relating to industry although some sport industry data are output in accordance with the ACLC. The ACLC has also been used as a guide in deciding which products are sport and physical recreation products and for their presentation. Inclusions of data in, and exclusions of data from, tables in this publication have been explained in the body of the text where appropriate.
The ABS (1997) Australian Standard Classification of Occupations (ASCO) was used for the collection of ABS occupation data included in this publication from the 2001 Census of Population and Housing. In 2006, ASCO was replaced by the ABS (2009) Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). These two classifications are completely aligned with the ACLC for sport and physical recreation occupations. As a result, the occupation data in this publication is presented in accordance with the ACLC Occupation Classification.
Each collection may define sport and physical recreation activities in different ways because there is no standard classification for these activities. Nevertheless, the principles underlying the ACLC have provided a guide for the development of some of the collections, and for the data included in this publication. Where there are inconsistencies or differences between the data collections, these have been highlighted in the text.